A report on Frederick Walker Baldwin

"Casey" Baldwin at Ridley College, circa 1900
Aerial Experiment Association. Casey (second from right), Bell (centre), McCurdy, Curtis, and Selfridge

Hydrofoil and aviation pioneer and partner of the famous inventor Alexander Graham Bell.

- Frederick Walker Baldwin
"Casey" Baldwin at Ridley College, circa 1900

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Bell c. undefined 1917

Alexander Graham Bell

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Scottish-born inventor, scientist and engineer who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone.

Scottish-born inventor, scientist and engineer who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone.

Bell c. undefined 1917
Melville House, the Bells' first home in North America, now a National Historic Site of Canada
Bell, top right, providing pedagogical instruction to teachers at the Boston School for Deaf Mutes, 1871. Throughout his life, he referred to himself as "a teacher of the deaf".
Alexander Graham Bell's telephone patent drawing, March 7, 1876
The master telephone patent, 174465, March 7, 1876
An actor playing Bell in a 1926 film holds Bell's first telephone transmitter
Bell at the opening of the long-distance line from New York to Chicago in 1892
Alexander Graham Bell, his wife Mabel Gardiner Hubbard, and their daughters Elsie (left) and Marian ca. 1885
The Brodhead–Bell mansion, the Bell family residence in Washington, D.C., from 1882 to 1889
Alexander Graham Bell in his later years
Photophone receiver, one half of Bell's wireless optical communication system, ca. 1880
Bell's HD-4 on a test run ca. 1919
AEA Silver Dart ca. 1909
Bell statue by A. E. Cleeve Horne in front of the Bell Telephone Building of Brantford, Ontario, The Telephone City. (Brantford Heritage Inventory, City of Brantford)
A quote by Alexander Graham Bell engraved in the stone wall within the Peace Chapel of the International Peace Garden (in Manitoba Canada and North Dakota, USA).
The Bell Museum, Cape Breton, part of the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site
A.G. Bell issue of 1940
Bell, an alumnus of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, receiving an honorary Doctor of Laws degree (LL.D.) at the university in 1906

Bell and assistant Frederick W. "Casey" Baldwin began hydrofoil experimentation in the summer of 1908 as a possible aid to airplane takeoff from water.

AEA member John Alexander Douglas McCurdy at the controls of an airplane during an aviation 'meet' near Toronto, Ontario, Canada, c. August 1911. The starboard-side of the transverse "shoulder-yoke" hinged structure for aileron control, in the general form of an upper seat support frame, is visible beside the seated pilot.

Aerial Experiment Association

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Canadian-American aeronautical research group formed on 30 September 1907, under the leadership of Dr. Alexander Graham Bell.

Canadian-American aeronautical research group formed on 30 September 1907, under the leadership of Dr. Alexander Graham Bell.

AEA member John Alexander Douglas McCurdy at the controls of an airplane during an aviation 'meet' near Toronto, Ontario, Canada, c. August 1911. The starboard-side of the transverse "shoulder-yoke" hinged structure for aileron control, in the general form of an upper seat support frame, is visible beside the seated pilot.
Aerial Experiment Association members Casey Baldwin, Tom Selfridge, Glenn Curtiss, Alexander Graham Bell, John McCurdy and Augustus Post serving as observer from Aero Club of America.

The AEA came into being when John Alexander Douglas McCurdy and his friend Frederick W. "Casey" Baldwin, two recent engineering graduates of the University of Toronto, decided to spend the summer in Baddeck, Nova Scotia.

The Italian hydrofoil Gianni M, the largest hydrofoil in the world.

Hydrofoil

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Lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.

Lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.

The Italian hydrofoil Gianni M, the largest hydrofoil in the world.
The two types of hydrofoils: surface-piercing and fully submerged
Forlanini's hydrofoil over Lake Maggiore, 1906
Alexander Graham Bell's HD-4 on a test run, c. 1919
A schematic illustration of self-stabilizing systems for fully submerged hydrofoils. Its computer gathers data for the boom position and current water level to determine the required flap position.
A Project 206M "Shtorm" patrol fast attack craft hydrofoil of the Cuban Navy.
Aerial port beam view of the Italian Sparviero class hydrofoil-missile NIBBIO P-421 underway.
USS Aquila, a military hydrofoil. The T-shaped foils are visible just below the water.
HMCS Bras d'Or, a military concept hydrofoil.
Team New Zealand's AC72 at the 2013 America's Cup, San Francisco Bay.
Ukrainian-built Voskhod on the North Sea Canal, the Netherlands
TurboJET's Urzela JetFoil on West Lamma Channel, Hong Kong
TurboJET's Barca Foilcat
Flying Poseidon (built 1982 ) had just berthed at Rhodes from Fethiye when the sister Kometas hydrofoil from Bodrum also arrived from Turkey in 2011.
The first Kometa 120M, named Chaika (Seagull) after Valentina Tereshkova's callsign, moored in Sevastopol
Hydrofoil high-speed boat Meteor on a Lake Ladoga, Russia.
Passenger hydrofoil Flying Dolphin Zeus moving at high speed near Piraeus, Greece.
Voskhod
Meteor
Raketa
Polesye
Kometa

With his chief engineer Casey Baldwin, Bell began hydrofoil experiments in the summer of 1908.

John Alexander Douglas McCurdy

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Canadian aviation pioneer and the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia from 1947 to 1952.

Canadian aviation pioneer and the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia from 1947 to 1952.

The AEA Silver Dart in flight, J.A.D. McCurdy at the controls, c. 1910
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He was schooled at St. Andrew's College in Aurora, Ontario and graduated from the University of Toronto in mechanical engineering in 1907, where he had been a member of The Kappa Alpha Society along with his friend Frederick Walker Baldwin.

Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge (1882–1908)

Thomas Selfridge

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First lieutenant in the U.S. Army and the first person to die in an airplane crash.

First lieutenant in the U.S. Army and the first person to die in an airplane crash.

Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge (1882–1908)
"Red Wing" aeroplane
Wreckage of the Wright Flyer that took the life of Tom Selfridge
Tending to one of the victims
Selfridge and Orville Wright prior to takeoff on the fatal flight.

He also flew a craft built by a Canadian engineer, Frederick W. Baldwin, which flew 3 feet off the ground for a distance of about 100 feet.

HD-4 hydrofoil at the Alexander Graham Bell museum

HD-4

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Early research hydrofoil watercraft developed by the scientist Alexander Graham Bell.

Early research hydrofoil watercraft developed by the scientist Alexander Graham Bell.

HD-4 hydrofoil at the Alexander Graham Bell museum

Bell, with his chief engineer Casey Baldwin, began hydrofoil experiments in the summer of 1908.

AEA White Wing

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The White Wing (or Aerodrome #2) was an early US aircraft designed by Frederick W. Baldwin and built by the Aerial Experiment Association in 1908.

The AEA Silver Dart in flight.

AEA Silver Dart

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Derivative of an early aircraft built by a Canadian/U.S. team, which after many successful flights in Hammondsport, New York, earlier in 1908, was dismantled and shipped to Baddeck, Nova Scotia.

Derivative of an early aircraft built by a Canadian/U.S. team, which after many successful flights in Hammondsport, New York, earlier in 1908, was dismantled and shipped to Baddeck, Nova Scotia.

The AEA Silver Dart in flight.
The Silver Dart replica taxies to the starting point for its commemorative flight on 22 February 2009. It was celebrating Canada's Centennial of Flight a day early, due to predicted unfavourable weather.
Silver Dart replica

Following the disbanding of the AEA, founding members, McCurdy and F.W. ("Casey") Baldwin obtained the Canadian patent rights for Aerodrome No. 4 (The Silver Dart), for the express purpose of producing a Canadian-made version.

Robert Baldwin

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Upper Canadian lawyer and politician who with his political partner Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine of Lower Canada, led the first responsible government ministry in the Province of Canada.

Upper Canadian lawyer and politician who with his political partner Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine of Lower Canada, led the first responsible government ministry in the Province of Canada.

Alfred Laliberté's Robert Baldwin sculpture in front of Parliament Building (Quebec)
John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham.
The Temple of the Children of Peace, Sharon
Louis-Hypolite LaFontaine, Father of Responsible Government
Statue of Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine by Walter Seymour Allward on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.
Lord Charles Metcalfe
The Second Meeting House, Sharon, where the Reform Association met June, 1844.
Joseph Légaré, The Burning of the Parliament Building in Montreal, 1849

Robert Baldwin was the grandfather of Frederick Walker Baldwin, a Canadian aviation pioneer and partner of the famous inventor Alexander Graham Bell.

AEA Red Wing

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Early aircraft designed by Thomas Selfridge and built by the Aerial Experiment Association in 1908.

Early aircraft designed by Thomas Selfridge and built by the Aerial Experiment Association in 1908.

On 12 March 1908 Frederick W. Baldwin piloted the aircraft off the frozen Keuka Lake near Hammondsport, New York in what would be the first public demonstration of a powered aircraft flight in the United States as well as the first flight by a Canadian pilot.