The League of Nations mandates
Anachronous world map showing member states of the League during its 26-year history.
Danzig, surrounded by Germany and Poland
The 1864 Geneva Convention, one of the earliest formulations of international law
Passport of the Free City of Danzig
The League to Enforce Peace published this full-page promotion in The New York Times on Christmas Day 1918. It resolved that the League "should ensure peace by eliminating causes of dissension, by deciding controversies by peaceable means, and by uniting the potential force of all the members as a standing menace against any nation that seeks to upset the peace of the world".
Danzig, surrounded by Germany and Poland
On his December 1918 trip to Europe, Woodrow Wilson gave speeches that "reaffirmed that the making of peace and the creation of a League of Nations must be accomplished as one single objective".
Polish passport issued at Danzig by the "Polish Commission for Gdańsk" in 1935 and extended again in 1937, before the holder immigrated to British Palestine the following year
In 1924, the headquarters of the League was named "Palais Wilson", after Woodrow Wilson, who was credited as the "Founder of the League of Nations"
Danzig police arrest a protester in the aftermath of the 1933 Parliamentary Elections
League of Nations Organisation chart
Population density of Poland and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk), 1930
Palace of Nations, Geneva, the League's headquarters from 1936 until its dissolution in 1946
Eddi Arent in 1971
Child labour in a coal mine, United States, c. 1912
Ingrid van Bergen in 2010
Child labour in Kamerun in 1919
Günter Grass in 2006
A sample Nansen passport
Klaus Kinski in the 1980s
A map of the world in 1920–45, which shows the League of Nations members during its history
Rupert Neudeck 2007
Chinese delegate addresses the League of Nations concerning the Manchurian Crisis in 1932.
Wolfgang Völz in 2011
Emperor Haile Selassie I going into exile in Bath, England via Jerusalem
The Lutheran Supreme Parish Church of St. Mary's in Danzig's Rechtstadt quarter
The Gap in the Bridge; the sign reads "This League of Nations Bridge was designed by the President of the U.S.A."
Cartoon from Punch magazine, 10 December 1920, satirising the gap left by the US not joining the League.
The Archcathedral of the Holy Trinity, Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Bernard in Oliva, Danzig
World map showing member states of the League of Nations (in green and red) on 18 April 1946, when the League of Nations ceased to exist.
The Great Synagogue on Reitbahn Street in Danzig's Rechtstadt quarter
League of Nations archives, Geneva.
Flag of the Danzig Senate
German Nazi propaganda poster: "Danzig is German"
Hitler gives a speech in Danzig on 19 September 1939
1 September 1939: German troops remove Polish insignia at the Polish–Danzig border near Zoppot

A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.

- League of Nations mandate

The Free City was under League of Nations protection and put into a binding customs union with Poland.

- Free City of Danzig

The divestiture of Germany's overseas colonies, along with three territories disentangled from its European homeland area (the Free City of Danzig, Memel Territory, and Saar), was accomplished in the Treaty of Versailles (1919), with the territories being allotted among the Allies on 7 May of that year.

- League of Nations mandate

Current scholarly consensus views that, even though the League failed to achieve its ultimate goal of world peace, it did manage to build new roads towards expanding the rule of law across the globe; strengthened the concept of collective security, giving a voice to smaller nations; helped to raise awareness to problems like epidemics, slavery, child labour, colonial tyranny, refugee crises and general working conditions through its numerous commissions and committees; and paved the way for new forms of statehood, as the mandate system put the colonial powers under international observation.

- League of Nations

Unlike Mandatory territories, which were entrusted to member countries, the Free City of Danzig (like the Territory of the Saar Basin) remained directly under the authority of the League of Nations.

- Free City of Danzig

Its principal sections were Political, Financial and Economics, Transit, Minorities and Administration (administering the Saar and Danzig), Mandates, Disarmament, Health, Social (Opium and Traffic in Women and Children), Intellectual Cooperation and International Bureaux, Legal, and Information.

- League of Nations
The League of Nations mandates

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Cover of the English version

Treaty of Versailles

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The most important of the peace treaties of World War I.

The most important of the peace treaties of World War I.

Cover of the English version
The heads of the "Big Four" nations at the Paris Peace Conference, 27 May 1919. From left to right: David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilson
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
German delegate Johannes Bell signing the Treaty of Versailles in the Hall of Mirrors, with various Allied delegations sitting and standing in front of him
German colonies (light blue) were made into League of Nations mandates.
Workmen decommissioning a heavy gun, to comply with the treaty
Location of the Rhineland (yellow)
A British news placard announcing the signing of the peace treaty
Senator Borah, Lodge and Johnson refuse Lady Peace a seat, referring to efforts by Republican isolationists to block ratification of Treaty of Versailles establishing the League of Nations
German delegates in Versailles: Professor Walther Schücking, Reichspostminister Johannes Giesberts, Justice Minister Otto Landsberg, Foreign Minister Ulrich Graf von Brockdorff-Rantzau, Prussian State President Robert Leinert, and financial advisor Carl Melchior
Demonstration against the treaty in front of the Reichstag
Medal issued by the Japanese authorities in 1919, commemorating the Treaty of Versailles. Obv: Flags of the five allies of World War I. Rev: Peace standing in Oriental attire with the Palace of Versailles in the background
A crowd awaits the plebiscite results in Oppeln
French soldiers in the Ruhr, which resulted in the American withdrawal from the Rhineland
Adolf Hitler announcing the Anschluß in violation of Art. 80 on the Heldenplatz, Vienna, 15 March 1938
John Maynard Keynes, the principal representative of the British Treasury, referred to the Treaty of Versailles as a "Carthaginian peace".
Commemorative medal issued in 1929 in the Republic of Weimar on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Treaty of Versailles. The obverse depicts George Clemenceau presenting a bound treaty, decorated with skull and crossbones to Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau. Other members of the Conference are standing behind Clemenceau, including Lloyd-George, Wilson and Orlando.
American political cartoon depicting the contemporary view of German reparations, 1921
Map of territorial changes in Europe after World War I (as of 1923)
Germany after Versailles:
Administered by the League of Nations
Annexed or transferred to neighbouring countries by the treaty, or later via plebiscite and League of Nations action
Weimar Germany

The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919.

France, along with the British Dominions and Belgium, opposed League of Nations mandates and favored annexation of former German colonies.

Germany was to cede the city of Danzig and its hinterland, including the delta of the Vistula River on the Baltic Sea, for the League of Nations to establish the Free City of Danzig.