Freedom Party of Austria

FPÖFreedom PartyAustrian Freedom Party(FPÖ)Freedom Party (FPÖ)Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)Freiheitliche Partei ÖsterreichsAustriaFPOFreiheitliche Partei
The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist, national-conservative political party in Austria.wikipedia
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Norbert Hofer

Hofer
The party, led by Norbert Hofer since September 2019, is a member of the Identity and Democracy group in the European Parliament, as well as of the Identity and Democracy Party. Finally, in the 2016 presidential election, FPÖ member Norbert Hofer won the first round, receiving 35.1%, but was defeated by The Greens' candidate Alexander Van der Bellen, 53.8% against 46.2%, in the final run-off (an earlier run-off was invalidated).
Norbert Gerwald Hofer (born 2 March 1971) is an Austrian politician (FPÖ).

Jörg Haider

HaiderJorg HaiderHaiderism
When Jörg Haider was chosen as new FPÖ leader in 1986, the party started an ideological turn towards right-wing populism.
He was Governor of Carinthia on two occasions, the long-time leader of the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) and later Chairman of the Alliance for the Future of Austria (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich, BZÖ), a breakaway party from the FPÖ.

Right-wing populism

right-wing populistpopulistright-wing populists
The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist, national-conservative political party in Austria.
He placed the British National Party, the National Democratic Party of Germany, the German People's Union and the former Dutch Centre Party in the first category, whose prototype would be the disbanded Italian Social Movement; whereas he placed the French National Front, the German Republicans, the Dutch Centre Democrats, the former Belgian Vlaams Blok (which would include certain aspects of traditional extreme right parties), the Danish Progress Party, the Norwegian Progress Party and the Freedom Party of Austria in the second category.

Federation of Independents

VdUVerband der UnabhängigenElectoral Party of Independents
The FPÖ was founded in 1956 as the successor to the short-lived Federation of Independents (VdU), representing the "Third Camp" of Austrian politics, i.e. pan-Germanists and national liberals opposed to both socialism and Catholic clericalism.
It was the predecessor of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ).

Anton Reinthaller

REINTHALLER, Anton
The party's first leader was Anton Reinthaller, a former Nazi functionary and SS officer.
After a career in Nazi Germany as an SS-Brigadeführer and member of the Nazi Reichstag, he was the inaugural leader of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ).

National conservatism

national conservativenational-conservativenational conservatives
The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist, national-conservative political party in Austria.

List of political parties in Austria

political partypolitical party in AustriaAustria
The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist, national-conservative political party in Austria.

Social Democratic Party of Austria

SPÖSocial Democratic PartySocial Democrats
The FPÖ, a third party with modest support, was admitted to the Liberal International (LI) in 1979 and participated in a government led by the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ), following the 1983 legislative election.
Currently the second-largest party in both chambers of Parliament; the National Council and the Federal Council, the SPÖ forms the main opposition party to the federal government, a coalition of the People's Party (ÖVP) and the Freedom Party (FPÖ).

Alliance for the Future of Austria

BZÖBZÖ Carinthia – Alliance of PatriotsAlliance for the Future
In 2005 increasing internal disagreements in the FPÖ led Haider and several leading members (including all the party's ministers) to defect and form the Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ), which replaced the FPÖ as government partner.
The BZÖ was founded on 3 April 2005 by Jörg Haider as a moderate splinter from the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) and immediately took the FPÖ's place in coalition with the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP).

Liberal Forum

LIFLiberales Forum
In 1993, after a controversial proposal on immigration issues, the adherents of a position closer to classical liberalism broke away from the FPÖ and formed the Liberal Forum (LiF), which took over the FPÖ's membership in the LI (since the FPÖ considered itself forced to leave) and would later eventually merge into NEOS.
The Liberal Forum (LiF) was founded on 4 February 1993, when liberals in the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), including five members of the National Council of Austria, left the party.

Austrian People's Party

ÖVPPeople's PartyAustrian People’s Party
In the 1999 legislative election the FPÖ placed second and won 26.9% of the vote, its best-ever result in a nationwide election, and for the first time came ahead of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) by a small margin. In the nationwide legislative snap elections in October 2017, the FPÖ won 26% of the vote, a narrow third place, and entered the coalition government as a junior partner, with the ÖVP leader, Sebastian Kurz, as Chancellor.
However, the ÖVP won the 2017 election, having the greatest number of seats and formed a coalition with the right-wing populist Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ).

Heinz-Christian Strache

Strache
Under the leadership of Heinz-Christian Strache (2005–2019), the party gradually re-gained and increased popular support.
He was also Minister of Civil Service and Sports from January 2018 to May 2019 and chairman of the Freedom Party (FPÖ) from April 2005 to May 2019.

2002 Austrian legislative election

20022002 election2002 elections
The FPÖ soon became uncomfortable with governing and fell sharply in the 2002 legislative election, in which it obtained only 10% of the vote; however, the two parties agreed to continue their coalition following the election.
Early parliamentary elections were held in Austria on 24 November 2002, after internal divisions in the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) culminating in the Knittelfeld Putsch led to the resignation of several leading FPÖ members.

Ibiza affair

Ibiza scandalIbizagate
The Ibiza affair that broke out on 17 May 2019 has led Strache to tender his resignation the next day as both Vice-Chancellor and party leader, which in turn led to the collapse of the coalition with the ÖVP, and subsequent new elections.
The Ibiza affair (Ibiza-Affäre), also known as Ibiza-gate, was a political scandal in Austria involving Heinz-Christian Strache, the former vice chancellor of Austria and leader of the Freedom Party (FPÖ), and Johann Gudenus, a deputy leader of the Freedom Party.

Burgenland

Districts of BurgenlandGovernment of BurgenlandHistory of Burgenland
In the 2013 legislative election the FPÖ won 20.5% of the vote and, more recently, it came ahead either of the SPÖ or the ÖVP in some state elections, entered in an SPÖ-led government in Burgenland and gained more than 30% of the vote in Vienna.
At the election held on 31 May 2015, the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) won 15 seats, the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) won 11 seats, the Freedom Party (FPÖ) won 6 seats, the Green Party won 2 seats and the List Burgenland won 2 seats as well.

2017 Austrian legislative election

20172017 election2017 legislative election
In the nationwide legislative snap elections in October 2017, the FPÖ won 26% of the vote, a narrow third place, and entered the coalition government as a junior partner, with the ÖVP leader, Sebastian Kurz, as Chancellor.
The Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) finished second with 52 seats, slightly ahead of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), which received 51 seats.

Die Freiheitlichen

dFThe FreedomitesFreiheitlichen
Among other things, the party supports the unification of South Tyrol (Italy) with Tyrol (Austria) and therefore the South Tyrolean secessionist movement, which notably includes its South Tyrolean sister party Die Freiheitlichen.
Broadly speaking, its ideology is similar to that of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) and the two parties maintain close contacts.

2019 Austrian legislative election

20192019 National Council elections29 September 2019
The Ibiza affair that broke out on 17 May 2019 has led Strache to tender his resignation the next day as both Vice-Chancellor and party leader, which in turn led to the collapse of the coalition with the ÖVP, and subsequent new elections.
The snap elections were called in the wake of the collapse of the ruling ÖVP–FPÖ coalition and the announcement of Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache's resignation on 18 May 2019, following the Ibiza affair.

Kurz government

Kurz cabinetcoalition governmentAustrian coalition government
In the nationwide legislative snap elections in October 2017, the FPÖ won 26% of the vote, a narrow third place, and entered the coalition government as a junior partner, with the ÖVP leader, Sebastian Kurz, as Chancellor.
Sebastian Kurz, leader of the centre-right ÖVP, reached an agreement on a coalition with the far-right FPÖ, making him chancellor of Austria.

Sebastian Kurz

Kurz
In the nationwide legislative snap elections in October 2017, the FPÖ won 26% of the vote, a narrow third place, and entered the coalition government as a junior partner, with the ÖVP leader, Sebastian Kurz, as Chancellor.
As leader of the largest party after the election, Kurz was charged with the formation of a new cabinet by President Alexander Van der Bellen and subsequently formed a coalition with the Freedom Party (FPÖ).

2016 Austrian presidential election

2016 presidential election2016Austrian presidential election, 2016
Finally, in the 2016 presidential election, FPÖ member Norbert Hofer won the first round, receiving 35.1%, but was defeated by The Greens' candidate Alexander Van der Bellen, 53.8% against 46.2%, in the final run-off (an earlier run-off was invalidated).
In the first round of the election, Norbert Hofer of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) historically received the most votes.

Alexander Van der Bellen

Van der BellenPresident Van der Bellen
Finally, in the 2016 presidential election, FPÖ member Norbert Hofer won the first round, receiving 35.1%, but was defeated by The Greens' candidate Alexander Van der Bellen, 53.8% against 46.2%, in the final run-off (an earlier run-off was invalidated).
Van der Bellen ran as a nominally independent candidate supported by the Greens in the 2016 presidential election, and finished second out of a field of six in the first round, before beating Norbert Hofer, a member of the Freedom Party, in the second round.

Friedrich Peter

Reinthaller was replaced as leader in 1958 by Friedrich Peter (also a former SS officer), who led the party through the 1960s and 1970s and moved it towards the political centre.
Friedrich Peter (13 July 1921 – 25 September 2005) was an Austrian politician who served as the chairman of the Freedom Party of Austria from 1958 to 1978.

2013 Austrian legislative election

20132013 legislative election2013 election
In the 2013 legislative election the FPÖ won 20.5% of the vote and, more recently, it came ahead either of the SPÖ or the ÖVP in some state elections, entered in an SPÖ-led government in Burgenland and gained more than 30% of the vote in Vienna.
The Freedom Party (FPÖ) and Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ) made significant gains in the previous election, but while the FPÖ gained support after the 2008 election, the BZÖ shrank after the death of its founder Jörg Haider and taking a turn toward liberalism.

Kreisky–Peter–Wiesenthal affair

bitter conflictdefended Peter's pastKreisky-Peter-Wiesenthal affair
SPÖ leader Bruno Kreisky (himself a Jew) defended Peter's past and initiated a political relationship—and a personal friendship—with Peter; in 1970 the FPÖ was, for the first time, able to tolerate an SPÖ minority government.
The Kreisky–Peter–Wiesenthal affair was a political and personal feud in the 1970s fought between the then Austrian chancellor Bruno Kreisky and the Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal arising from Kreisky's ministerial appointments and the SS past of Freedom Party leader Friedrich Peter, which had been revealed by Wiesenthal.