Freedom of Information Act 2000

Freedom of Information ActFreedom of InformationFOIAfreedom of information lawsFreedom of Information RequestUK Freedom of Information ActFreedom of Information requests2000 Freedom of Information ActFOIFreedom of Information Act request
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.wikipedia
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Information Commissioner's Office

Information CommissionerData Protection RegistrarInformation Commissioner’s Office
The Act led to the renaming of the Data Protection Commissioner (set up to administer the Data Protection Act 1998), who is now known as the Information Commissioner.
It is the independent regulatory office (national data protection authority) dealing with the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation, the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 across the UK; and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and, to a limited extent, in Scotland.

David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere

David ClarkDavid G. ClarkLord Clark of Windermere
The Act implements a manifesto commitment of the Labour Party in the 1997 general election, developed by Dr David Clark as a 1997 White Paper. The act was preceded by a 1998 White paper, Your Right to Know, by Dr David Clark.
However, he was not given a senior or middle-ranking position, and instead was given the office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with responsibility for producing a White Paper on Freedom of Information which was published in July 1998 and ultimately led to the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

Freedom of InformationFreedom of Information (Scotland) ActFreedom of Information legislation
A second freedom of information law is in existence in the UK, the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 (asp 13).
It covers public bodies over which the Scottish Parliament has jurisdiction, fulfilling a similar purpose to the UK-level Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Data Protection Act 1998

Data Protection Actdata protectionData Protection Act 1984
The Act led to the renaming of the Data Protection Commissioner (set up to administer the Data Protection Act 1998), who is now known as the Information Commissioner.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 modified the act for public bodies and authorities, and the Durant case modified the interpretation of the act by providing case law and precedent.

Freedom of information laws by country

freedom of information legislationFreedom of Information Actsunshine law
It is the implementation of freedom of information legislation in the United Kingdom on a national level.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (2000 c. 36) is the implementation of freedom of information legislation in the United Kingdom on a national level, with the exception of Scottish bodies, which are covered by the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 (2002 asp.

Tony Blair

BlairTonyPrime Minister Tony Blair
By contrast, the former prime minister (Tony Blair) responsible for passing the Act regards it as "One of the biggest mistakes of his career".
Blair's other social policies were generally progressive; he introduced the National Minimum Wage Act 1998, the Human Rights Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000, and in 2004 allowed gay couples to enter into civil partnerships.

Association of Chief Police Officers

ACPOAPCOAssociation of Chief Police Officers (ACPO)
The first order under section 5 (in November 2011) extended the list of public authorities to also include the Association of Chief Police Officers, the Financial Ombudsman Service and UCAS.
In October 2009 Sir Hugh Orde stated that ACPO would be "more than happy" to be subject to the Freedom of Information Act.

Environmental Information Regulations 2004

Environmental Information Regulationsthe Environmental Information Regulations 2004
The regulations were made by the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs under the authority provided by the European Communities Act 1972, entering into force on 1 January 2005, along with the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Access to Information Central Clearing House

The UK Government established the Access to Information Central Clearing House in order to ensure consistency across Central Government in the way requests are handled.
The Central Clearing House was set up to ensure consistent application of the Data Protection Act 1998, the Freedom of Information Act 2000, and the Environmental Information Regulations (EIRs) across Central Government.

Information Tribunal

However, such orders can be appealed to a specialist tribunal (the Information Tribunal) and in some circumstances the Government has the power to override orders of the Information Commissioner.
Its name was changed to reflect its wider responsibilities under other freedom of information legislation, as it then heard appeals from notices issued by Information Commissioner under two Acts of Parliament, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000, and two related Statutory Instruments, the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004.

Black spider memos

Black spider letterspublication of private letters
In 2010, Rob Evans, a journalist for The Guardian newspaper, applied under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 to see copies of correspondence between Charles and ministers in seven government departments.

Campaign for Freedom of Information

Freedom of Information CampaignCampaign forFreedom of Information Award
It seeks to strengthen the public's rights under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and related laws and opposes attempts to weaken them.

Charles, Prince of Wales

Prince CharlesThe Prince of WalesPrince of Wales
Letters sent by Prince Charles to government ministers during 2004 and 2005—the so-called black spider memos—presented potential embarrassment following a challenge by The Guardian newspaper to release the letters under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

Thirty-year rule

thirty year rule30-year rulefifty-year rule
Significant changes were made to the rules as a consequence of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA) (which came into full effect on 1 January 2005).

David Maclean

Lord BlencathraDavid John MacleanDavid Maclean, Baron Blencathra
Conservative MP David Maclean introduced the bill to ensure that MPs' correspondence was exempt from freedom of information laws.
Maclean made the headlines in 2007, when he proposed a private members bill that would have exempted the Houses of Parliament from the Freedom of Information Act.

Act of Parliament (UK)

ActAct of ParliamentActs of Parliament
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The Act implements a manifesto commitment of the Labour Party in the 1997 general election, developed by Dr David Clark as a 1997 White Paper.

1997 United Kingdom general election

1997 general election19971997 election
The Act implements a manifesto commitment of the Labour Party in the 1997 general election, developed by Dr David Clark as a 1997 White Paper.

Parliamentary opposition

oppositionofficial oppositionLeader of the Opposition
The final version of the Act is believed to have been diluted from that proposed while Labour was in opposition.

Lord Chancellor's Department

Lord Chancellor's OfficeLord Chancellor's Advisory Committeedepartment
The Act is the responsibility of the Lord Chancellor's Department (now renamed the Ministry of Justice).

Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom)

Ministry of JusticeJusticeMinister of State for Justice
The Act is the responsibility of the Lord Chancellor's Department (now renamed the Ministry of Justice).

Data Protection Commissioner

Data Protection CommissionIreland's DPAOffice of the Data Protection Commissioner
The Act led to the renaming of the Data Protection Commissioner (set up to administer the Data Protection Act 1998), who is now known as the Information Commissioner.

Scottish Parliament

ParliamentHolyroodScotland
It was passed by the Scottish Parliament in 2002, to cover public bodies over which the Holyrood parliament, rather than Westminster, has jurisdiction.

White paper

white paperswhitepaperpolicy paper
The act was preceded by a 1998 White paper, Your Right to Know, by Dr David Clark.