French Committee of National Liberation

Comité Français de Libération NationaleComité français de la Libération nationaleCFLNCNFLCommittee of National Liberation (FCLN)Consultative AssemblyFrench government in exileFrench government in Londongovernment in exilemerged with
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II. The committee was formed on 3 June 1943 and after a period of joint leadership, on 9 November it came under the chairmanship of de Gaulle.wikipedia
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Charles de Gaulle

de GaulleGeneral de GaulleGénéral de Gaulle
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II.
He led a government in exile and the Free French Forces against the Axis.

Henri Giraud

General GiraudGiraudGeneral Henri Giraud
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II. French resistance was split and disorganized, with the Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa.
Later in the same year, Giraud and de Gaulle became co-presidents of the French Committee of National Liberation, but their continual disagreements forced his retirement in 1944.

Provisional government

interim governmenttransitional governmentprovisional
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II. The committee functioned as a provisional government for Algeria (then a part of metropolitan France) and the liberated parts of the colonial empire.

Provisional Government of the French Republic

FranceProvisional GovernmentFrench provisional government
Later it evolved into the Provisional Government of the French Republic, under the premiership of Charles de Gaulle.
It succeeded the French Committee of National Liberation (CFLN), which had been the provisional government of France in the overseas territories and metropolitan parts of the country (Algeria and Corsica) that had been liberated by the Free French.

Free France

Free FrenchFree French ForcesFree French Army
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II. French resistance was split and disorganized, with the Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa.
After the reconquest of North Africa, this was in turn formally merged with de Gaulle's rival general Henri Giraud's command in Algiers to form the French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale or CFNL).

Vichy France

Vichy FrenchVichy regimeVichy government
The committee directly challenged the legitimacy of the Vichy regime and unified all the French forces that fought against the Nazis and collaborators.
Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle then became co-presidents of the Comité français de la Libération Nationale, which unified the Free French Forces and territories controlled by them and had been founded at the end of 1943.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
The Vichy regime distanced itself from the Allied Powers and signed an armistice with Nazi Germany and another one with Fascist Italy.

Operation Torch

invasion of North AfricaAllied invasion of North AfricaAllied landings in North Africa
Following the Allied invasion of North Africa in 1942, de Gaulle moved the Free French forces to Algiers in French Algeria, where he linked up with Giraud's forces.
In June 1943, Giraud and de Gaulle agreed to form the "Comité français de Libération nationale" (CFLN), with members from both the North African government and from de Gaulle's "French National Committee".

French Resistance

ResistanceRésistanceresistant
Giraud and de Gaulle enjoyed considerable popular support within France and the French resistance, thus becoming the forerunners in the process to form a provisional government for France as liberation approached.
CNR was coordinated with the Free French forces under the authority of French Generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle and their body, the Comité Français de Libération Nationale (CFLN).

French Communist Party

PCFCommunist PartyCommunist
In September, Allied forces recognized the Committee as the legitimate, provisional government of France, whereupon the Committee reorganized itself under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle, incorporating representatives of various French political parties such as the Socialists and French Communists.

French people

FrenchFrenchmanFrenchmen
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité français de Libération nationale) was a provisional government of Free France formed by the French generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle to provide united leadership, organize and coordinate the campaign to liberate France from Nazi Germany during World War II.

Collaboration with the Axis Powers

collaborationistNazi collaboratorcollaborators
The committee directly challenged the legitimacy of the Vichy regime and unified all the French forces that fought against the Nazis and collaborators.

Algeria

AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAlgérie
The committee functioned as a provisional government for Algeria (then a part of metropolitan France) and the liberated parts of the colonial empire.

Metropolitan France

metropolitanmainland FranceContinental France
The committee functioned as a provisional government for Algeria (then a part of metropolitan France) and the liberated parts of the colonial empire.

French colonial empire

FrenchFrench EmpireFrance
The committee functioned as a provisional government for Algeria (then a part of metropolitan France) and the liberated parts of the colonial empire.

Philippe Pétain

PétainMarshal PétainPetain
After the occupation of France in 1940, the Vichy regime was set up under Marshal Philippe Pétain to govern much of southern and central France.

Armistice

armistice agreementpeace protocoltruce
The Vichy regime distanced itself from the Allied Powers and signed an armistice with Nazi Germany and another one with Fascist Italy.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
French resistance was split and disorganized, with the Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa.

French Army

FrenchArmyFrench troops
French resistance was split and disorganized, with the Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa.

French North Africa

North AfricaAFNFrench conquest of Algeria
French resistance was split and disorganized, with the Free French forces established under Gen. Charles de Gaulle in Britain while other French Army units remained under the leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud in France's colonial possessions in North Africa.

Algiers

Algiers, AlgeriaAlgerAlgerine
Following the Allied invasion of North Africa in 1942, de Gaulle moved the Free French forces to Algiers in French Algeria, where he linked up with Giraud's forces.

French Algeria

AlgeriaFrench rule in AlgeriaFrench rule
Following the Allied invasion of North Africa in 1942, de Gaulle moved the Free French forces to Algiers in French Algeria, where he linked up with Giraud's forces.