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Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer
The French Protectorate of Cambodia (ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រោមអាណានិគមបារាំង; Protectorat français du Cambodge) refers to the Kingdom of Cambodia when it was a French protectorate within French Indochina—a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Colonial Empire.
In 1863, Cambodia became a protectorate of France, which doubled the size of the country by reclaiming the north and west from Thailand.

French Indochina

IndochinaFrench Indo-ChinaFrench colonial rule
The French Protectorate of Cambodia (ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រោមអាណានិគមបារាំង; Protectorat français du Cambodge) refers to the Kingdom of Cambodia when it was a French protectorate within French Indochina—a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Colonial Empire. Cambodia was integrated into the French Indochina union in 1887 along with the French colonies and protectorates in Vietnam (Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin).
A grouping of the three Vietnamese regions of Tonkin (north), Annam (centre), and Cochinchina (south) with Cambodia was formed in 1887.

Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh, CambodiaPhnom PehnPhnom Penh Municipality
Under the treaty, the Cambodian monarchy was allowed to remain, but power was largely vested in a resident general to be housed in Phnom Penh.
Phnom Penh has been the national capital since French colonization of Cambodia, and has grown to become the nation's economic, industrial, and cultural center.

Nguyễn dynasty

AnnamĐại NamNguyen Dynasty
During the 19th century, the kingdom of Cambodia had been reduced to a vassal state of the Kingdom of Siam (Rattanakosin rule) which had annexed its western provinces, including Angkor while growing influence from the Vietnamese Nguyen Dynasty threatened the eastern portion of the country.
They were in 1887 merged with Cochinchina and Cambodia to form French Indochina.

Siem Reap

Siem Reap (city)Siam ReapSiemreap
The Resident-General was in turn assisted by Residents, or local governors, who were posted in all the provincial centres, such as, Battambang, Pursat, Odong, and Siem Reap. In December 1940, the French-Thai War erupted and despite French resistance against the Japanese backed Thai forces, Japan compelled French authorities to cede Battambang, Sisophon, Siem Reap (excluding Siem Reap town) and Preah Vihear provinces to Thailand.
Siem Reap has colonial and Chinese-style architecture in the Old French Quarter and around the Old Market.

Kampot (city)

KampotKampot Citytown of Kampot
Gathering support from opposers of Norodom and the French, Si Votha led a rebellion that was primarily concentrated in the jungles of Cambodia and the city of Kampot.
Its center is, unlike most Cambodian provincial capitals, composed of 19th century French colonial architecture.

Hem Chieu

When a prominent, politically active Buddhist monk, Hem Chieu, was arrested and unceremoniously defrocked by the French authorities in July 1942, the editors of Nagaravatta led a demonstration demanding his release.
Chieu was a professor at the Higher School of Pali in Phnom Penh, and strongly objected to attempts by the French colonial authorities, beginning in the late 1930s, to romanize the Khmer writing system.

Democratic Party (Cambodia)

Democratic PartyDemocratsCambodian Democratic Party
The Democratic Party, led by Prince Sisowath Yuthevong, espoused immediate independence, democratic reforms, and parliamentary government.
In the first elections to colonial Cambodia's Constituent Assembly, held in September 1946, the Democrats won 50 out of 67 seats, and for several years they remained the most popular party in Cambodia, despite Yuthevong's early death in 1947.

Sisowath of Cambodia

SisowathKing SisowathKing Sisowath I
In 1904, King Norodom died and rather than pass the throne on to Norodom's sons, the French passed the succession to Norodom's brother Sisowath, whose branch of the royal family was more submissive and less nationalistic to French rule than Norodom's.
* French protectorate of Cambodia

Franco-Thai War

French-Thai WarFranco–Thai War1940–41 Franco-Thai War
In December 1940, the French-Thai War erupted and despite French resistance against the Japanese backed Thai forces, Japan compelled French authorities to cede Battambang, Sisophon, Siem Reap (excluding Siem Reap town) and Preah Vihear provinces to Thailand.
On 5 January 1941, following the report of a French attack on the Thai border town of Aranyaprathet, the Thai Burapha and Isan Armies launched an offensive on Laos and Cambodia.

Norodom Sihanouk

SihanoukPrince SihanoukKing Norodom Sihanouk
During his lifetime Cambodia was variously called the French Protectorate of Cambodia (until 1953), the Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–70), the Khmer Republic (1970–75), Democratic Kampuchea (1975–79), the People's Republic of Kampuchea (1979–93), and again the Kingdom of Cambodia (from 1993).

Sisowath Monivong

MonivongKing MonivongKing Sisowath Monivong
During his reign, Cambodia was a French protectorate.

List of administrators of the French protectorate of Cambodia

Representative
This article lists the administrators of the French protectorate of Cambodia, and also encompass the Japanese occupation of Cambodia.

Khmer language

KhmerCambodianOld Khmer
Just as modern Khmer was emerging from the transitional period represented by Middle Khmer, Cambodia fell under the influence of French colonialism.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
When an Allied force occupied Phnom Penh in October, Thanh was arrested for collaboration with the Japanese and was sent into exile in France to remain under house arrest.

Japanese occupation of Cambodia

CambodiaKingdom of KampucheaJapanese occupation
Vichy France, who were a client state of Nazi Germany, nominally maintained the French protectorate over Cambodia and other parts of Indochina during most of the Japanese occupation.

Lon Nol

Marshal '''Lon NolMarshal Lon Nol
Branded alternately a communist and an agent of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Sihanouk, he remained in exile until Lon Nol established the Khmer Republic in 1970.

Norodom Suramarit

King Norodom SuramaritKing SuramaritSuramarit
After dissolution of the assembly, he created an Advisory Council to supplant the legislature and appointed his father, Norodom Suramarit, as regent.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
The French Protectorate of Cambodia (ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រោមអាណានិគមបារាំង; Protectorat français du Cambodge) refers to the Kingdom of Cambodia when it was a French protectorate within French Indochina—a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Colonial Empire.

Norodom of Cambodia

NorodomKing NorodomNorodom Prohmbarirak
The protectorate was established in 1867 when the Cambodian King Norodom requested the establishment of a French protectorate over his country, meanwhile Siam (modern Thailand) renounced suzerainty over Cambodia and officially recognised the French protectorate on Cambodia.

Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
The protectorate was established in 1867 when the Cambodian King Norodom requested the establishment of a French protectorate over his country, meanwhile Siam (modern Thailand) renounced suzerainty over Cambodia and officially recognised the French protectorate on Cambodia.

Suzerainty

suzerainBritish Paramountcysuzerains
The protectorate was established in 1867 when the Cambodian King Norodom requested the establishment of a French protectorate over his country, meanwhile Siam (modern Thailand) renounced suzerainty over Cambodia and officially recognised the French protectorate on Cambodia.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Cambodia was integrated into the French Indochina union in 1887 along with the French colonies and protectorates in Vietnam (Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin).