Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels in Brighton by William Hall, 1879
The Engels family house at Barmen (now in Wuppertal), Germany
An early photograph of Engels, thought to show him aged 20–25 (c. 1840–45)
La Maison du Cygne (the Swan Tavern), Brussels, where The Communist Manifesto was written
Engels's house in Primrose Hill, London
Engels in 1868
NVA Honor Guard, East Berlin, 1990
Cover of the first edition of Engels's The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, first published in 1884

German philosopher, critic of political economy, historian, political theorist and revolutionary socialist.

- Friedrich Engels

500 related topics


Das Kapital

Das Kapital, also known as Capital: A Critique of Political Economy or sometimes simply Capital (Das Kapital.

First edition title page of Volume I (1867) Volume II, and Volume III were published in 1885 and 1894, respectively
Karl Marx, Theorien über den Mehrwert, 1956
Karl Kautsky, editor of Theories of Surplus Value

While Marx did not live to publish the planned second and third parts, they were both completed from his notes and published after his death by his colleague Friedrich Engels.

Karl Marx

German philosopher, critic of political economy, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.

Photograph of Marx taken by John Mayall in 1875
Marx's birthplace, now Brückenstraße 10, in Trier. The family occupied two rooms on the ground floor and three on the first floor. Purchased by the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1928, it now houses a museum devoted to him.
Jenny von Westphalen in the 1830s
Friedrich Engels, whom Marx met in 1844; the two became lifelong friends and collaborators.
The first edition of The Manifesto of the Communist Party, published in German in 1848
Marx with his daughters and Engels
Marx and Engels in the printing house of the Neue Rheinische Zeitung. E. Capiro, 1895.
The first volume of Das Kapital
Marx photographed by John Mayall, 1875
Marx in 1882
Jenny Carolina and Jenny Laura Marx (1869): all the Marx daughters were named Jenny in honour of their mother, Jenny von Westphalen.
Tomb of Karl Marx, East Highgate Cemetery, London
A monument dedicated to Marx and Engels in Shanghai, China
Outside a factory in Oldham. Marx believed that industrial workers (the proletariat) would rise up around the world.
Karl Marx Monument in Chemnitz (known as Karl-Marx-Stadt from 1953 to 1990)
CPI(M) mural in Kerala, India
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels monument in Marx-Engels Forum, Berlin-Mitte, Germany
Karl Marx statue in Trier, Germany
Map of countries that declared themselves to be socialist states under the Marxist–Leninist or Maoist definition between 1979 and 1983, which marked the greatest territorial extent of socialist states

Due to his political publications, Marx became stateless and lived in exile with his wife and children in London for decades, where he continued to develop his thought in collaboration with German thinker Friedrich Engels and publish his writings, researching in the British Museum Reading Room.

Revolutionary socialism

Political philosophy, doctrine, and tradition within socialism which stresses the idea that a social revolution is necessary in order to bring about structural changes to society.

Portrait of Karl Marx in 1875

In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote:

The Condition of the Working Class in England

The Condition of the Working Class in England (Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England) is an 1845 book by the German philosopher Friedrich Engels, a study of the industrial working class in Victorian England.

Beachy Head

Chalk headland in East Sussex, England.

Brass Point, one of the Seven Sisters

The ashes of German social scientist and philosopher Friedrich Engels, one of the fathers of communism, were scattered off the cliffs at Beachy Head into the Channel, as he had requested.


Wuppertal ( "Wupper Dale"; named Barmen-Elberfeld from 1929 to 1930; founded in 1929 by the merger of the cities of Elberfeld, Barmen, Ronsdorf, Cronenberg and Vohwinkel) is, with a population of approximately 355,000, the seventh-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia as well as the 17th-largest city of Germany.

Wuppertal from space
The center of Wuppertal-Elberfeld, north of the main station in 2019
The Schwebebahn floating tram in Wuppertal-Barmen
The Schwebebahn in Wuppertal-Elberfeld
Concert Hall (Stadthalle) Wuppertal
Engels House (Historisches Zentrum)
Wuppertal University
Population development
Junior Uni Campus, designed 2013 by the Wuppertal Architects Goedeking& Niedworok
View from the university canteen in direction of the west part of Wuppertal-Elberfeld
Results of the 2020 city council election.
Central Station
Signpost with twin towns
Friedrich Bayer 1863
Friedrich Engels
Else Lasker-Schüler 1895
Federal President Johannes Rau in 2004
Typical steep street in Wuppertal
Sculpturepark Waldfrieden - Tony Cragg Points of View (2008)
View of Burgholz woods with typical Bergisches farmerhouse
Panoramic view of the Ölberg quarter in Wuppertal
City Hall Wuppertal-Barmen
The theatre - Das Wuppertaler Schauspielhaus
The swimming arena "Schwimmoper"
Zoo Wuppertal
Special tours with the historical 'Kaiserwagen'
World's largest 'one day flea market'
Botanic garden and view over the city
The public park 'Hardt' in the center
The newest generation of the Schwebebahn
The river Wupper in the woods of Wuppertal
View from the Kiesberg woods
"Neue Bergische Synagoge"
Abbey Wuppertal-Beyenburg

Barmen was the birthplace of Friedrich Engels.

Humboldt University of Berlin

Public research university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.

Seal of the Universitas Humboldtiana Berolinensis (Latin)
Seal of the Universitas Humboldtiana Berolinensis (Latin)
Statue of Wilhelm von Humboldt in front of the main building by artist Paul Otto.
Friedrich Wilhelm University in 1850
Statue of Alexander von Humboldt outside Humboldt University, from 1883 by artist Reinhold Begas.
Friedrich Wilhelm University became an emulated model of a modern university in the 19th century (photochrom from 1900).
Friedrich Wilhelm University in 1938
Humboldt University, 1950
Humboldt University in 1964
The main building of Humboldt University, located in Berlin's "Mitte" district (Unter den Linden boulevard)
The Berlin Natural History Museum (shown here photographed in 2005) is one of the largest natural history museums in the world. Founded alongside the University of Berlin in 1810 it left the Humboldt University in 2009.
The former Royal Library, now seat of the Faculty of Law
Albert Einstein, theoretical physicist known for developing the theory of relativity and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
Erwin Schrödinger, physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in quantum theory, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
Max Planck, theoretical physicist and originator of quantum theory, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
Max von Laue, physicist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
Paul Ehrlich, physician known for curing syphilis and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Albrecht Kossel, biochemist who pioneered in the study of genetics and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, pioneering chemist and the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Otto Hahn, chemist, pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry
Theodor Mommsen, classical scholar and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature
Alfred Wegener, polar researcher and geophysicist who originated the continental drift hypothesis
Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of Germany
Werner Heisenberg, theoretical physicist and pioneer of quantum mechanics
Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, best-known collectors of German and European folk tales
Heinrich Heine, poet best known for his early lyric poetry
Yeshayahu Leibowitz, public intellectual, scientist, and writer
Karl Marx, philosopher, political theorist, and socialist revolutionary
Friedrich Engels, philosopher and revolutionary socialist
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, idealist philosopher and one of the fundamental figures of modern Western philosophy
Walter Benjamin, philosopher, cultural critic and essayist
Max Stirner, philosopher and forerunner of nihilism and postmodernism
Ernst Cassirer, idealist philosopher
Felix Mendelssohn, composer during the early Romantic period
Max Weber, sociologist and influential figure in modern social theory and social research
Georg Simmel, sociologist and philosopher
W.E.B. Du Bois, civil rights activist and academic
Karl Liebknecht, socialist politician and revolutionary
Gustav Stresemann, statesman during the Weimar Republic and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Austen Chamberlain, statesman and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Emmanuelle Charpentier, professor and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Benedykt Dybowski, professor of Zoology, pioneer of Limnology

Past and present faculty and notable alumni include 57 Nobel Prize laureates (the most of any German university by a substantial margin), as well as eminent philosophers, sociologists, artists, lawyers, politicians, mathematicians, scientists, and heads of state; among them are Albert Einstein, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Otto von Bismarck, W. E. B. Du Bois, Angela Davis, Arthur Schopenhauer, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Walter Benjamin, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Karl Liebknecht, Ernst Cassirer, Heinrich Heine, Eduard Fraenkel, Max Planck and the Brothers Grimm.

Dialectical materialism

Karl Popper in the 1980s

Dialectical materialism is a philosophy of science, history, and nature developed in Europe and based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State

First edition (1884)
Cover of the 1st English-language edition, published by Charles H. Kerr & Co. of Chicago in 1902.
Lewis Henry Morgan (1818–1881), whose pioneering anthropological study of Native American peoples was adapted by Frederick Engels in The Origin of the Family.

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan (Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats) is an 1884 philosophical treatise by Friedrich Engels.

Critique of political economy

Form of social critique that aims to reject the various social categories and structures which are constitutive of the contemporary form of resource allocation , according to the adherents of this form of critique.

John Ruskin in his thirties.
Gandhi, one of those who was influenced by Ruskin. Gandhi even translated his central work Unto This Last into Gujarati in 1908. He released the work under the title Sarvodaya, which means "universal uplift" or "progress of all".
Karl Marx, author of Das Kapital (Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Ökonomie) [Capital: A Critique of Political Economy].
Das Kapital: Kritik der politischen oekonomie [Capital: A critique of political economy] is a famous critique of political economy written by KarlMarx
Jean Baudrillard

However Marx's companion Friedrich Engels also engaged in critique of political economy in his 1844 Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy, which helped lay down some of the foundation for what Marx was to take further.