Nietzsche in Basel, Switzerland, c. undefined 1875
The devil, in opposition to the will of God, represents evil and tempts Christ, the personification of the character and will of God. Ary Scheffer, 1854.
Portrait of Friedrich Nietzsche
One of the five paintings of Extermination of Evil portrays Sendan Kendatsuba, one of the eight guardians of Buddhist law, banishing evil.
Young Nietzsche, 1861
Extermination of Evil. Late Heian period (12th century Japan)
Young Nietzsche
Adolf Hitler is sometimes used as a modern definition of evil. Hitler's policies and orders resulted in the deaths of about 50 million people.
Arthur Schopenhauer strongly influenced Nietzsche's philosophical thought.
Martin Luther believed that occasional minor evil could have a positive effect
The University of Basel, where Friedrich Nietzsche became a professor in 1869
Left to right: Erwin Rohde, Karl von Gersdorff and Nietzsche, October 1871
Nietzsche, c. 1872
Lou Salomé, Paul Rée and Nietzsche traveled through Italy in 1882, planning to establish an educational commune together, but the friendship disintegrated in late 1882 due to complications from Rée's and Nietzsche's mutual romantic interest in Lou Andreas-Salomé.
Photo of Nietzsche by Gustav-Adolf Schultze, 1882
After the breakdown, Peter Gast "corrected" Nietzsche's writings without his approval.
Nietzsche's grave at Röcken with the sculpture Das Röckener Bacchanal by Klaus Friedrich Messerschmidt (2000)
Nietzsche, 1869
Wochenspruch der NSDAP 9 April 1939: "What does not kill me makes me stronger."
The residence of Nietzsche's last three years along with archive in Weimar, Germany, which holds many of Nietzsche's papers
Portrait of Nietzsche by Edvard Munch, 1906
Statue of Nietzsche in Naumburg
The Nietzsche Stone, near Surlej, the inspiration for Thus Spoke Zarathustra

Master–slave morality (Herren- und Sklavenmoral) is a central theme of Friedrich Nietzsche's works, particularly in the first essay of his book On the Genealogy of Morality.

- Master–slave morality

Master morality judges actions as good or bad (e.g. the classical virtues of the noble man versus the vices of the rabble), unlike slave morality, which judges by a scale of good or evil intentions (e.

- Master–slave morality

Prominent elements of his philosophy include his radical critique of truth in favor of perspectivism; a genealogical critique of religion and Christian morality and a related theory of master–slave morality; the aesthetic affirmation of life in response to both the "death of God" and the profound crisis of nihilism; the notion of Apollonian and Dionysian forces; and a characterization of the human subject as the expression of competing wills, collectively understood as the will to power.

- Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche, in a rejection of Judeo-Christian morality, addresses this in two books, Beyond Good and Evil and On the Genealogy of Morals.

- Good and evil

In these works, he states that the natural, functional, "non-good" has been socially transformed into the religious concept of evil by the "slave mentality" of the masses, who resent their "masters", the strong.

- Good and evil

In Ecce Homo Nietzsche called the establishment of moral systems based on a dichotomy of good and evil a "calamitous error", and wished to initiate a re-evaluation of the values of the Christian world.

- Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche in Basel, Switzerland, c. undefined 1875

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