Front organization

frontfront groupfront companyfront companiesfront organisationfront organizationsfront groupsfrontscover nameVeterans for Victory
A front organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, organized crime groups, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations.wikipedia
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Southern Air Transport

The airline Air America, an outgrowth of Civil Air Transport of the 1940s, and Southern Air Transport, ostensibly a civilian air charter company, were operated and wholly owned by the CIA, supposedly to provide humanitarian aid, but flew many combat support missions and supplied covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.
Southern Air Transport (SAT) (1947–1998), based in Miami, Florida, was a cargo airline best known as a front company for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (1960–1973) and for its crucial role in the Iran-Contra scandal in the mid-1980s.

Shell corporation

shell companyshell companiesShell
In the business world, front organizations such as front companies or shell corporations are used to shield the parent company from legal liability.
They may also be known as international business companies, personal investment companies, front companies, or "mailbox" companies.

Non-official cover

covertNOCnonofficial cover
These may include legitimate organizations, such as charity, religious or journalism organizations; or "brass plate firms" which exist solely to provide a plausible background story, occupation, and means of income.
Sometimes, entire front companies or strawman entities are established in order to provide false identities for agents.

Massage parlor

massage parlourmassage parlorsmassage parlours
Where brothels are illegal, criminal organizations set up front companies providing services such as a "massage parlor" or "sauna", up to the point that "massage parlor" or "sauna" is thought as a synonym of brothel in these countries.
Some massage parlors are front organizations for prostitution and the term "massage parlor" has also become a euphemism for a brothel.

Covert operation

covert operationscovertcovert action
The airline Air America, an outgrowth of Civil Air Transport of the 1940s, and Southern Air Transport, ostensibly a civilian air charter company, were operated and wholly owned by the CIA, supposedly to provide humanitarian aid, but flew many combat support missions and supplied covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.
Tactics include the use of a false flag or front group.

New Cult Awareness Network

Foundation for Religious FreedomCult Awareness Network
The Cult Awareness Network (CAN) is considered by many to now be a front group for the Church of Scientology, which took the group over financially after bankrupting it in a series of lawsuits.
Board members of the "Old CAN" have characterized it as a front group for the Church of Scientology.

Citizens Commission on Human Rights

CCHRCitizen's Commission on Human RightsCitizens Commission on Human Rights International
Time identified several other fronts for Scientology, including: the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), The Way to Happiness Foundation, Applied Scholastics, the Concerned Businessmen's Association of America, and HealthMed Clinic.
Many critics regard it as a Scientology front group whose purpose is to push the organization's anti-psychiatric agenda.

Narconon

Narconon Internationaldeath of Patrick Desmond at Narconon GeorgiaRainbow Canyon Rehabilitation Center
Seven years later the Boston Herald showed how Narconon and World Literacy Crusade are also fronting for Scientology.
While both the Church of Scientology and Narconon state that Narconon is a secular program, that it is independent of Scientology, and that it provides legitimate drug education and rehabilitation, Narconon has been described by many government reports and former patients as a Church of Scientology front group.

Scientology front groups

*Scientology front groups
The Church of Scientology uses front groups to promote its interests in politics and to make itself appear legitimate.

GRU (G.U.)

GRUMain Intelligence DirectorateSoviet military intelligence
Another airline allegedly involved in intelligence operations was Russian Aeroflot that worked in a close coordination with KGB, SVR and GRU.
Unit 54777 retains several front organizations, including InfoRos and the Institute of the Russian Diaspora.

Outlaw motorcycle club

motorcycle gangbiker gangbiker
Tattoo parlors are often used as fronts for outlaw motorcycle clubs.
Outlaw clubs have been accused of using charity rides to mask their criminal nature.

Civil Cooperation Bureau

Civil Co-operation BureauCCBapartheid government assassins
Besides these, there were also political front organisations like the International Freedom Foundation, Marthinus van Schalkwyk's Jeugkrag (Youth for South Africa), and Russel Crystal's National Student Federation which would demonstrate that while the tactics of the South African government varied, the logic remained the same: Total onslaught demanded a total strategy.

Astroturfing

astroturffake blogastroturf groups
Some special interest groups engage in astroturfing, which is an attempt to mask lobbying as a grassroots movement.
Use of one or more front groups is one astroturfing technique.

International Union of Students

Union Internationale des Étudiants
In addition to WPC, important communist front organizations included the World Federation of Trade Unions, the World Federation of Democratic Youth, and the International Union of Students.
At the time of the formation of the ISC, the dominant view in later analyses is that the IUS had become Communist controlled to such a degree that it is often referred to as a Soviet Union Communist front organization with the IUS and ISC aligned along the Cold War fronts toward the Soviet Union and the United States of America respectively.

Project Coast

To hide the program, and to make the procurement of CBW-related substances, Project Coast involved the formation of four front companies: Delta G Scientific Company, Roodeplaat Research Laboratories (RRL), Protechnik and Infladel.

Church of Scientology

ScientologistScientologyScientologists
The Church of Scientology uses front groups either to promote its interests in politics or to make its group seem more legitimate.
It has been described by critics as a Scientology front group.

Air America (airline)

Air AmericaCATproprietary
The airline Air America, an outgrowth of Civil Air Transport of the 1940s, and Southern Air Transport, ostensibly a civilian air charter company, were operated and wholly owned by the CIA, supposedly to provide humanitarian aid, but flew many combat support missions and supplied covert operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.

Socialist Workers Party (UK)

Socialist Workers PartyInternational SocialistsSocialist Review Group
(ANSWER is no longer closely associated with WWP; it is closely associated with a WWP splinter, the Party for Socialism and Liberation, but PSL plays a more open role in the organization.) Similarly, Unite Against Fascism, the Anti-Nazi League, the Stop the War Coalition and Respect – The Unity Coalition are all criticised as being fronts for the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party (UK).
The SWP has founded several front organisations through which they have sought to exert influence over the wider left, such as the Anti-Nazi League in the late 1970s and the Stop the War Coalition in 2001.

Unification movement

Unification ChurchUniversal Peace FederationAmerican Freedom Coalition
*New World Encyclopedia
These organizations have sometimes been labeled "front groups", an expression which originally referred to Soviet supported organizations during the Cold War.

The Way to Happiness

The Way to Happiness Foundation
Time identified several other fronts for Scientology, including: the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), The Way to Happiness Foundation, Applied Scholastics, the Concerned Businessmen's Association of America, and HealthMed Clinic.
Director-general of the Israeli Center for Cult Victims Ayelet Kedem described the organization as a front group for Scientology: "Hiding behind a front organization is a common tactic... The idea is to create a positive image by obscuring the connection with Scientology... Later, people who undergo free workshops are convinced that they must correct flaws in their personality by taking Scientology courses. Those who are hooked end up giving all their possessions to the Church of Scientology".

Ulster Defence Association

Ulster Freedom FightersUDAUFF
Irish Republican groups like the IRA & Irish National Liberation Army used front names like the South Armagh Republican Action Force, Catholic Reaction Force & People's Republican Army to claim responsibility for attacks on civilians, Loyalists like the Ulster Volunteer Force & Ulster Defense Association used various front names such as the Protestant Action Force, Ulster Freedom Fighters & Red Hand Defenders when carrying out attacks against civilians, the majority of Loyalist attacks were aimed at Catholic civilians.
Within the UDA was a group tasked with launching paramilitary attacks; it used the cover name Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) so that the UDA would not be outlawed.

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

PugwashPugwash ConferencesInternational Foundation for Science
There were also numerous smaller organizations, affiliated with the above fronts such as Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.
During the Cold War, it was claimed that the Pugwash Conference became a front conference for the Soviet Union, whose agents often managed to weaken Pugwash critique of USSR and instead concentrate on blaming the United States and the West.

Women's Equality Party (New York)

Women's Equality PartyWomen's EqualityWEP
In 2014, Andrew Cuomo established a front political party, the Women's Equality Party.
The party is widely believed to still be controlled and funded by the Cuomo gubernatorial campaign as a front organization, with the party having minimal independent operations.

Direct Action Against Drugs

DAAD
In addition, the Provisional IRA also operated a vigilante front group, called Direct Action Against Drugs.
The organisation was allegedly a front name used by the Provisional IRA in claiming responsibility for the killings.