Fu Zuoyi

Fu Tso-yi
Fu Zuoyi (June 2, 1895 − April 19, 1974) was a Chinese military leader.wikipedia
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Yan Xishan

Yen Hsi-shanYen Hsi – shan
He began his military career in the service of Yan Xishan, and he was widely praised for his defense of Suiyuan from the Japanese. Fu began his career as an officer in Yan Xishan's Shanxi army.
In August 1936 Prince De's army attempted to invade eastern Suiyuan, but it was defeated by Yan's forces under the command of Fu Zuoyi.

Operation Chahar

Battle of the Great WallChaharinvasion
As Commander of 7th Army Group he fought in Operation Chahar, the Battle of Taiyuan and the 1939–1940 Winter Offensive, in which he was responsible for winning the Battle of Wuyuan.
Fu Zuoyi, the governor of Suiyuan, was made commander of the 7th Army Group, and Liu Ju-ming, governor of Chahar, was made its deputy commander, defending Chahar with the 143rd Division and two Brigades.

Central Plains War

Battle of Central PlainsCentral Plainsnew regional warlords
Fu fought for Yan in the 1929–1930 Central Plains War, when Yan attempted to form a central government with himself as President.

Mongol Local Autonomy Political Affairs Committee

Inner Mongolian Autonomous Political CouncilMongolian Local Autonomous Political Committee
These Japanese-aligned troops seized the city of Bailingmiao in northern Suiyuan, where the pro-Japanese Inner Mongolian Autonomous Political Council maintained its headquarters.
Their clashes with other regional authorities began immediately; both the Committee and the government of Suiyuan Province under Fu Zuoyi attempted to levy tariffs on goods imported from Gansu.

Demchugdongrub

Teh WangDe WangPrince Teh
Three months later, the head of the Political Council, Prince Teh (Demchugdongrub) declared that he was the ruler of an independent Mongolia (Mengguguo), and organized an army with the aid of Japanese equipment and training.
In August 1936 Demchugdongrub's army attempted to invade eastern Suiyuan, but it was defeated by Yan Xishan's forces under the command of Fu Zuoyi.

Wang Jingguo

Wang Jingguo,
In order to defend Suiyuan, Yan placed his best troops and most able generals, including Zhao Chengshou and Yan's son-in-law, Wang Jingguo, under Fu's command.
Wang's senior commander in defending Suiyuan was Fu Zuoyi, who was also an officer of Yan's.

Battle of Wuyuan

Wuyuan
As Commander of 7th Army Group he fought in Operation Chahar, the Battle of Taiyuan and the 1939–1940 Winter Offensive, in which he was responsible for winning the Battle of Wuyuan.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
In anticipation of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japanese spies destroyed a large supply depot in Datong and carried out other acts of sabotage.

Lin Biao

Lin Biao incidentLin PiaoLin Bao Incident
Fu began secret negotiations with Lin Biao, in which he arranged the surrender of the Beiping garrison, totaling a quarter of a million men, on January 31, 1949.
Tianjin was taken by force, and on January 22, 1949 General Fu Zuoyi and his army of 400,000 men agreed to surrender Beijing without a battle, and the PLA occupied the city on January 31.

1939–40 Winter Offensive

1939-40 Winter OffensiveWinter Offensive1939 Winter Offensive
As Commander of 7th Army Group he fought in Operation Chahar, the Battle of Taiyuan and the 1939–1940 Winter Offensive, in which he was responsible for winning the Battle of Wuyuan.

Chinese people

ChineseChinaChinese descent
Fu Zuoyi (June 2, 1895 − April 19, 1974) was a Chinese military leader.

Suiyuan

Suiyuan ProvinceJin Sui
He began his military career in the service of Yan Xishan, and he was widely praised for his defense of Suiyuan from the Japanese. After Yan returned to Shanxi in 1931, Fu led Yan Xishan's efforts to "colonize" and take control over the Inner Mongolian province of Suiyuan.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
During the final stages of the Chinese Civil War, Fu surrendered the large and strategic garrison around Beiping to Communist forces.

Names of Beijing

BeipingPeipingBeijing
Fu began secret negotiations with Lin Biao, in which he arranged the surrender of the Beiping garrison, totaling a quarter of a million men, on January 31, 1949. During the final stages of the Chinese Civil War, Fu surrendered the large and strategic garrison around Beiping to Communist forces.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
He later served in the government of the People's Republic of China.

Shanxi

Shanxi ProvinceShansiShangxi
Fu began his career as an officer in Yan Xishan's Shanxi army.

Northern Expedition

North ExpeditionChinese RevolutionNorthern Expedition (1926–1927)
He served with distinction during the 1927–1928 Northern Expedition, after Yan declared his allegiance to the Kuomintang.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
He served with distinction during the 1927–1928 Northern Expedition, after Yan declared his allegiance to the Kuomintang.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
Yan's forces were easily routed by the forces of Chiang Kai-shek, and Yan was forced to live for a short period in exile.

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Autonomous RegionNei MongolInner
After Yan returned to Shanxi in 1931, Fu led Yan Xishan's efforts to "colonize" and take control over the Inner Mongolian province of Suiyuan.

Zhang Xueliang

Chang Hsueh-LiangCheung Hok-leungYoung Marshal
Fu cultivated a close relationship with Zhang Xueliang in order to increase the legitimacy of Yan's control over Suiyuan.

Manchukuo

ManchuriaEmperor of ManchukuoPrime Minister of Manchukuo
In March 1936, Manchukuo troops occupying Chahar invaded northeastern Suiyuan, contesting Fu's control.

Chahar Province

ChaharChakharQahar
In March 1936, Manchukuo troops occupying Chahar invaded northeastern Suiyuan, contesting Fu's control.

Bailingmiao

BathahalakPailingmiao
These Japanese-aligned troops seized the city of Bailingmiao in northern Suiyuan, where the pro-Japanese Inner Mongolian Autonomous Political Council maintained its headquarters.

Mengjiang

Mongol Military GovernmentMongol United Autonomous GovernmentInner Mongolia
Three months later, the head of the Political Council, Prince Teh (Demchugdongrub) declared that he was the ruler of an independent Mongolia (Mengguguo), and organized an army with the aid of Japanese equipment and training.