Fumigation

fumigantfumigatedfumigatefumigantsfumigatingfumigatorsgaseous (fumigant)Chemical fumigationtreatmentcrop fumigation
Fumigation is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides—or fumigants—to suffocate or poison the pests within.wikipedia
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Pesticide

pesticidescrop sprayingchemical pesticides
Fumigation is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides—or fumigants—to suffocate or poison the pests within.
Pesticides can be classified by target organism (e.g., herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, and pediculicides – see table), chemical structure (e.g., organic, inorganic, synthetic, or biological (biopesticide), although the distinction can sometimes blur), and physical state (e.g. gaseous (fumigant)).

Bromomethane

methyl bromidemethylbromidemethylene bromide
Methyl bromide was among the most widely used fumigants until its production and use was restricted by the Montreal Protocol due to its role in ozone depletion.
97% of this estimate was used for fumigation purposes, whilst 3% was used for the manufacture of other products.

Dazomet

dazomet (methyl isothiocyanate precursor)
Dazomet is a common soil fumigant that acts as a herbicide, fungicide, and nematicide.

Pest control

exterminatorpest managementexterminators
Fumigation is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides—or fumigants—to suffocate or poison the pests within.
Fumigation is the treatment of a structure to kill pests such as wood-boring beetles by sealing it or surrounding it with an airtight cover such as a tent, and fogging with liquid insecticide for an extended period, typically of 24–72 hours.

Methyl isothiocyanate

methylisothiocyanate
dazomet (methyl isothiocyanate precursor)
Solutions of MITC are used in agriculture as soil fumigants, mainly for protection against fungi and nematodes.

Chloropicrin

chlorpicrintrichloronitromethanenausea gas
chloropicrin
In agriculture, chloropicrin is injected into soil prior to planting a crop in order to fumigate soil (e.g. Agrocelhone soil fumigant).

Sulfuryl fluoride

sulfuryl difluorideSO 2 F 2
sulfuryl fluoride
Originally developed by the Dow Chemical Company, sulfuryl fluoride is in widespread use as a structural fumigant insecticide to control drywood termites, particularly in warm-weather portions of the southwestern and southeastern United States and in Hawaii.

Phosphine

phosphinesPH 3 tertiary phosphine
phosphine
Because the previously popular fumigant methyl bromide has been phased out in some countries under the Montreal Protocol, phosphine is the only widely used, cost-effective, rapidly acting fumigant that does not leave residues on the stored product.

Lazaretto

lazaretlazzarettolazarette
In some lazarets, postal items were also disinfected, usually by fumigation.

Costa Rican Social Security Fund

Equipo Básico de Atención Integral en Salud (Basic Medical Care Center)Social Securitythe social security agency
It has the obligation (as a public institution) to formulate and execute health programs that are both preventive (such as: vaccination, informational, fumigation, etc.) and healing (such as: surgery, radiation therapy, pharmacy, clinical, etc.) in nature.

Aluminium phosphide poisoning

Aluminium phosphide (AlP), which is readily available as a fumigant for stored cereal grains, sold under various brand names such as QuickPhos and Celphos, is highly toxic, especially when consumed from a freshly opened container.

Smoke

fumesfumesmoking
Smoke is a collection of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases emitted when a material undergoes combustion or pyrolysis, together with the quantity of air that is entrained or otherwise mixed into the mass. It is commonly an unwanted by-product of fires (including stoves, candles, oil lamps, and fireplaces), but may also be used for pest control (fumigation), communication (smoke signals), defensive and offensive capabilities in the military (smoke screen), cooking, or smoking (tobacco, cannabis, etc.).

1,2,3-Trichloropropane

trichloropropaneTCP
1,2,3-Trichloropropane (TCP) is a chemical compound that was an impurity in 1,3-dichloropropene fumigants manufactured by Shell Chemical Company and Dow Chemical Company.

Smoking in India

India
Smoking in India has been known since at least 2000 BC when cannabis was smoked and is first mentioned in the Atharvaveda, which dates back a few hundred years BC. Fumigation (dhupa) and fire offerings (homa) are prescribed in the Ayurveda for medical purposes and have been practiced for at least 3,000 years while smoking, dhumrapana (literally "drinking smoke"), has been practiced for at least 2,000 years.

Tobacco smoke

cigarette smokesecond-hand smokeharsh smoke
Tobacco smoke is used as a fumigant and inhalant.

Plasticulture

agricultural plastics
Plasticulture ag plastics include soil fumigation film, irrigation drip tape/tubing, nursery pots and silage bags, but the term is most often used to describe all kinds of plastic plant/soil coverings.

Toxicity class

Toxicity Class Iaextremely hazardous
It addresses the acute toxicity of agents such as soil fumigants, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, miticides, molluscicides, nematicides, or rodenticides.

Aluminium phosphide

AlPaluminum phosphidealuminium monophosphide
Aluminium phosphide (aluminum phosphide) is a highly toxic inorganic compound with the chemical formula used as a wide band gap semiconductor and a fumigant.

Food safety incidents in China

food safety incidentFood contamination in Chinafood safety scandals
The hams were soaked in the pesticide dichlorvos, which is a volatile organophosphate insecticide used for fumigation.

1,3-Dichloropropene

1,3-DichloropropyleneTelonedichloropropene
It is used mainly in farming as a pesticide, specifically as a preplant fumigant and nematicide.

Strawberry

strawberriesgarden strawberryFragaria'' × ''ananassa
In this method, raised beds are formed each year, fumigated, and covered with plastic to prevent weed growth and erosion.

Metam sodium

metham sodium
Metam sodium is an organosulfur compound (formally a dithiocarbamate), which is used as a soil fumigant, pesticide, herbicide, and fungicide.

Disinfected mail

Disinfected mail or fumigated mail is mail that has had some form of disinfection or fumigation applied to it by postal authorities, with the intention of preventing the spread of epidemics via letters sent from infected areas.