Fusarium oxysporum

F. oxysporumPanama diseaseFusarium oxysporum'' f. sp. ''narcissiFusarium rot
Fusarium oxysporum (Schlecht as emended by Snyder and Hansen ), an ascomycete fungus, comprises all the species, varieties and forms recognized by Wollenweber and Reinking within an infrageneric grouping called section Elegans.wikipedia
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Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense

Tropical race 4F. oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubenseFusarium oxysporum'' f. sp. ''cubense
However, results from research conducted on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense forced scientists to question these assumptions. Researchers used anonymous, single-copy restriction fragment length polymorphsims (RFLPs) to identify 10 clonal lineages from a collection of F. oxysporum f.sp. cubense from across the world.
Fusarium oxysporum is a common inhabitant of soil and produces three types of asexual spores; macroconidia, microconidia and chlamydospores.

Fusarium wilt

FFusariumvascular wilt
For more information on Fusarium oxysporum as a plant pathogen, see Fusarium wilt and Koa wilt.
The pathogen that causes Fusarium wilt is Fusarium oxysporum (F. oxysporum). The species is further divided into forma specialis based on host plant.

Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
These results showed that pathogens of banana causing Panama disease could be as closely related to other host's pathogens, such as melon or tomato, as they are to each other.
The cultivars Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain (Chiquita Banana) gained popularity in the 1950s after the previous mass-produced cultivar, Gros Michel (also an AAA group cultivar), became commercially unviable due to Panama disease, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum which attacks the roots of the banana plant.

Silver nanoparticle

silver nanoparticlesnanosilversilver
Different strains of F. oxysporum have been used in the purpose of producing nanomaterials (especially Silver nanoparticles).
A method has been found of reducing silver ions by the introduction of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum.

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris
Fusarium oxysporum is a common soil inhabitant and produces three types of asexual spores: macroconidia, microconidia and chlamydospores.

Crivellia

Pleospora papaveracea
In 2000, the government of Colombia proposed dispersing strains of Crivellia and Fusarium oxysporum, also known as Agent Green, as a biological weapon to forcibly eradicate coca and other illegal crops.
In 2000, the government of Colombia proposed dispersing strains of Crivellia and Fusarium oxysporum, also known as Agent Green, as a biological weapon to forcibly eradicate coca and other illegal crops.

Koa wilt

For more information on Fusarium oxysporum as a plant pathogen, see Fusarium wilt and Koa wilt.
Koa wilt is caused by a forma specialis of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum, which is now abundant in Hawaiian soils and infects the native Acacia koa tree, a once-dominant species in the canopy of Hawaiian forests.

Plan Colombia

Aerial spraying of herbicides in ColombiaColombia during the war on drugsdrug war in Colombia
The weaponized strains were developed by the US government, who originally conditioned their approval of Plan Colombia on the use of this weapon, but ultimately withdrew the condition.
The potential use of Fusarium oxysporum as part of these efforts was questioned and opposed by environmentalists.

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. momordicae

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. momordicae
It is a forma specialis (f.sp.) of Fusarium oxysporum.

Mycoherbicide

* Mycoherbicide
In particular, the U.S. is considering using Fusarium oxysporum as a mycoherbicide against coca plants in Colombia.

Ascomycota

ascomyceteascomycetessac fungi
Fusarium oxysporum (Schlecht as emended by Snyder and Hansen ), an ascomycete fungus, comprises all the species, varieties and forms recognized by Wollenweber and Reinking within an infrageneric grouping called section Elegans.

Nectriaceae

nectriacine
It is part of the Nectriaceae family.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
It is part of the Nectriaceae family.

Endophyte

endophyticendophytesbenign endosymbiont
Although their predominant role in native soils may be harmless or even beneficial plant endophytes or soil saprophytes, many strains within the F. oxysporum complex are pathogenic to plants, especially in agricultural settings.

Saprotrophic nutrition

saprobicsaprotrophicsaprophytic
Although their predominant role in native soils may be harmless or even beneficial plant endophytes or soil saprophytes, many strains within the F. oxysporum complex are pathogenic to plants, especially in agricultural settings. F. oxysporum strains are ubiquitous soil inhabitants that have the ability to exist as saprophytes, and degrade lignin and complex carbohydrates associated with soil debris.

Pathogen

pathogenspathogenicpathogenicity
Although their predominant role in native soils may be harmless or even beneficial plant endophytes or soil saprophytes, many strains within the F. oxysporum complex are pathogenic to plants, especially in agricultural settings.

Taxon

taxagrouppolytypic
While the species, as defined by Snyder and Hansen, has been widely accepted for more than 50 years, more recent work indicates this taxon is actually a genetically heterogeneous polytypic morphospecies whose strains represent some of the most abundant and widespread microbes of the global soil microflora, although this last statement has not been proven or supported by actual data.

Sonoran Desert

SonoranArizona desertSonora
These diverse and adaptable fungi have been found in soils ranging from the Sonoran Desert, to tropical and temperate forests, grasslands and soils of the tundra.

Lignin

lignifiedlignificationlignify
F. oxysporum strains are ubiquitous soil inhabitants that have the ability to exist as saprophytes, and degrade lignin and complex carbohydrates associated with soil debris.

Forma specialis

f.sp.f. sp.formae speciales
Because the hosts of a given forma specialis usually are closely related, many have assumed that members of a forma specialis are also closely related and descended from a common ancestor.

Restriction fragment length polymorphism

RFLPPCR-RFLPpolymorphism
Researchers used anonymous, single-copy restriction fragment length polymorphsims (RFLPs) to identify 10 clonal lineages from a collection of F. oxysporum f.sp. cubense from across the world.

Panama disease

soil fungus outbreak
These results showed that pathogens of banana causing Panama disease could be as closely related to other host's pathogens, such as melon or tomato, as they are to each other.

Host (biology)

hosthostsintermediate host
The host range of these fungi is broad and includes animals, ranging from arthropods to humans, as well as plants, including a range of both gymnosperms and angiosperms.

Arthropod

arthropodsarthropodabug
The host range of these fungi is broad and includes animals, ranging from arthropods to humans, as well as plants, including a range of both gymnosperms and angiosperms.

Gymnosperm

gymnospermsconifersGolosjemenjače
The host range of these fungi is broad and includes animals, ranging from arthropods to humans, as well as plants, including a range of both gymnosperms and angiosperms.