G. Harrold Carswell

Harrold CarswellG. Harold CarswellGeorge Harrold CarswellHarold CarswellGeorge CarswellGeorge H. Carswell
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court.wikipedia
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Irwinton, Georgia

IrwintonIrwinton, GA
Carswell was born in Irwinton, Wilkinson County, Georgia.

United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

5th Cir.Fifth CircuitFifth Circuit Court of Appeals
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court. Carswell was nominated by President Richard Nixon on May 12, 1969, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 82 Stat.

Walter F. George School of Law

Mercer University School of LawMercer Law SchoolMercer University Law School
Carswell graduated with a Bachelor of Laws from the Walter F. George School of Law at Mercer University in 1948.

Richard Nixon

Richard M. NixonNixonPresident Nixon
Carswell was nominated by President Richard Nixon on May 12, 1969, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 82 Stat.
He nominated two Southern conservatives, Clement Haynsworth and G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court, but neither was confirmed by the Senate.

Patsy Mink

Patsy T. MinkPatsy Takemoto MinkCongresswoman Patsy Mink
Various women, including U.S. Congresswoman Patsy Mink and Betty Friedan, testified before the Senate, opposed his nomination and contributed to his defeat.
That same year, she was the first witness to testify against President Nixon's Supreme Court nominee George Harrold Carswell, who would eventually be rejected by the Senate.

Betty Friedan

Betty FreidanBetty FriedaBetty Friedan as the Prophet
Various women, including U.S. Congresswoman Patsy Mink and Betty Friedan, testified before the Senate, opposed his nomination and contributed to his defeat.
In 1970 back then, with Friedan leading the cause, was instrumental in the U.S. Senate's rejection of President Richard M. Nixon's Supreme Court nominee G. Harrold Carswell, who had opposed the 1964 Civil Rights Act granting (among other things) women workplace equality with men.

Harry Blackmun

Justice BlackmunBlackmunHarry A. Blackmun
One week after Judge Carswell's nomination was rejected, Nixon then nominated Minnesota judge Harry Blackmun, subsequently the author of Roe v. Wade, to fill the Fortas vacancy.
His confirmation followed contentious battles over two previous, failed nominations forwarded by Nixon in 1969–1970, those of Clement Haynsworth and G. Harrold Carswell.

Abe Fortas

Fortas(Abe) FortasFortas, Abe
On January 19, 1970, after Clement Haynsworth of South Carolina was rejected by the U.S. Senate for an appointment to the United States Supreme Court, President Nixon nominated Carswell to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court to replace Justice Abe Fortas, an appointee of former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
President Nixon eventually appointed Harry Blackmun as Fortas's replacement after the nominations of Clement Haynsworth and G. Harrold Carswell had failed.

Clement Haynsworth

Clement F. Haynsworth, Jr.Clement F. HaynsworthClement Furman Haynsworth
On January 19, 1970, after Clement Haynsworth of South Carolina was rejected by the U.S. Senate for an appointment to the United States Supreme Court, President Nixon nominated Carswell to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court to replace Justice Abe Fortas, an appointee of former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
* G. Harrold Carswell, also nominated by President Nixon and not confirmed by the Senate to the same seat.

William C. Cramer

William CramerWilliam Cato Cramer
His opponent was U.S. Representative William C. Cramer of St. Petersburg.
In April 1970 the Senate rejected Judge G. Harrold Carswell of Tallahassee as Nixon's second consecutive conservative nominee to the United States Supreme Court.

Dozier A. DeVane

Carswell was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on March 6, 1958, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida vacated by Judge Dozier A. DeVane.

Roman Hruska

Roman L. HruskaHruskaRoman Lee Hruska
In defense against charges that Carswell was "mediocre", U.S. Senator Roman Hruska, a Nebraska Republican, stated:
In 1970, Hruska addressed the Senate, urging them to confirm Richard Nixon's nomination of G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court.

Ray C. Osborne

Ray C. Osborn
When Kirk and Gurney endorsed Carswell, Lieutenant Governor Ray C. Osborne, a Kirk appointee, abandoned his own primary challenge to Cramer.
However, Osborne withdrew from the race when Judge G. Harrold Carswell of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, who had been repudiated by the U.S. Senate for a seat on the Supreme Court, entered the race for senator.

Spessard Holland

Spessard L. HollandSpessard Lindsey Holland
Expecting to benefit politically in Florida from the rejection of Judge Carswell to the Supreme Court, aides of either Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr., or U.S. Senator Edward Gurney of Winter Park urged Carswell to resign from the bench to run for the Senate seat being vacated by the long-term Democrat Spessard Holland.
Cramer had the endorsement of U.S. President Richard Nixon, and had handily defeated G. Harrold Carswell (whom Nixon had earlier nominated unsuccessfully to the United States Supreme Court) in the Republican primary.

Claude R. Kirk Jr.

Claude R. Kirk, Jr.Claude KirkClaude Roy Kirk
Expecting to benefit politically in Florida from the rejection of Judge Carswell to the Supreme Court, aides of either Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr., or U.S. Senator Edward Gurney of Winter Park urged Carswell to resign from the bench to run for the Senate seat being vacated by the long-term Democrat Spessard Holland.
Cramer had defeated Kirk's preferred Senate choice, Fifth Circuit Court Judge G. Harrold Carswell of Tallahassee.

Edward Gurney

Edward J. GurneyEd Gurney
Expecting to benefit politically in Florida from the rejection of Judge Carswell to the Supreme Court, aides of either Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr., or U.S. Senator Edward Gurney of Winter Park urged Carswell to resign from the bench to run for the Senate seat being vacated by the long-term Democrat Spessard Holland.
But in 1970, Gurney and Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. opposed Cramer's nomination; they supported an intraparty rival, George Harrold Carswell.

George L. Thurston III

He and a colleague toppled the nomination of Harrold Carswell to the U.S. Supreme Court when they uncovered a speech he had given in support of White Supremacy.

Paul Hitch Roney

Paul RoneyPaul H. Roney
Roney was nominated by President Richard Nixon on October 7, 1970, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit vacated by Judge G. Harrold Carswell.

Unsuccessful nominations to the Supreme Court of the United States

defeateddefeated nomineefailed nominations
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court.
In response, Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell, a Southerner with a history of supporting segregation and opposing women's rights.

United States federal judge

United States District JudgeUnited States Circuit Judgefederal judge
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court.

United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida

Northern District of FloridaU.S. District Court for the Northern District of FloridaN.D. Fla.
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court. Carswell was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on March 6, 1958, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida vacated by Judge Dozier A. DeVane.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
George Harrold Carswell (December 22, 1919 – July 13, 1992) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and an unsuccessful nominee to the United States Supreme Court. On January 19, 1970, after Clement Haynsworth of South Carolina was rejected by the U.S. Senate for an appointment to the United States Supreme Court, President Nixon nominated Carswell to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court to replace Justice Abe Fortas, an appointee of former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.