A report on Gabriel Bethlen

Statue of Gábor Bethlen, by György Vastagh, Heroes' Square, Budapest, Hungary
Bethlen on horseback (print)
Transylvanian Thaler of Gabriel Bethlen showing his portrait and coat of arms (1621)
Principality of Gabriel Bethlen
Seal of Bethlen

Prince of Transylvania from 1613 to 1629 and Duke of Opole from 1622 to 1625.

- Gabriel Bethlen

26 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Stephen Bocskai

3 links

Prince of Transylvania and Hungary from 1605 to 1606.

Prince of Transylvania and Hungary from 1605 to 1606.

A bastion of Bocskai's castle at Nagykereki
The fortress of Várad (now Oradea in Romania) in 1598 (an engraving by Joris Hoefnagel)
Bocskai's nephew, Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania
The Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolph, who was also the ruler of Royal Hungary, an engraving by Aegidius Sadeler (1603)
Rudolph's commander, Giorgio Basta, who planned to murder Bocskai
Kassa (now Košice in Slovakia) in 1617
Bocskai's princely seal
Crown of Stephen Bocskai (a diadem that the Grand Vizier, Lala Mehmed Pasha, gave to Bocskai)
Bocskai's golden ducate, depicting the elderly prince
Bocskai's statue on the Reformation Wall (Geneva, Switzerland)

The leader of the Transylvanian noblemen who had fled to the Ottoman Empire, Gabriel Bethlen, sent a letter to Bocskai urging him to rise up against Rudolph, but Bocskai refused.

Stephen Bethlen

Stephen Bethlen

2 links

The Prince of Transylvania in late 1630.

The Prince of Transylvania in late 1630.

Stephen Bethlen

He was the younger brother of Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania between 1613-1629 and King-elect of Hungary.

Košice

2 links

Largest city in eastern Slovakia.

Largest city in eastern Slovakia.

Eastern Hungarian Kingdom around 1550, including Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1683, including the Principality of Upper Hungary, based around Košice shown as 'Kassa'
"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (Slovak: Košice, German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
The military base in Košice at the end of the 18th century
National Theater built in 1899
Main Street – 1902
Hlavná ulica (Main Street) in historic downtown
Statue of Košice's coat of arms, the first municipal coat of arms in Europe
Aupark Shopping Centre
St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice is Slovakia's largest church
Divizia – seat of the Košice Self-Governing Region
The seat of the Slovak Constitutional Court
Košice International Airport
Steel Aréna
The Tree of Partnership on Hlavná Street

On September 5, 1619, the prince of Transylvania, Gabriel Bethlen captured Košice with the assistance of the future George I Rákóczi in another anti-Habsburg insurrection.

Catherine of Brandenburg

3 links

Elected Princess of Transylvania between 1629 and 1630.

Elected Princess of Transylvania between 1629 and 1630.

Transylvanian Ducat of Catherine of Brandenburg 1630

On 2 March 1626, she married Gabriel Bethlen, prince of Transylvania.

Seal of Prince Gabriel Bethlen de Iktár

Bethlen

1 links

Name of two Hungarian ancient noble families, Bethlen de Iktár and Bethlen de Bethlen.

Name of two Hungarian ancient noble families, Bethlen de Iktár and Bethlen de Bethlen.

Seal of Prince Gabriel Bethlen de Iktár

Gabriel Bethlen de Iktár (1580–1629), Prince of Transylvania (1613–1629), Duke of Opole (1622–1625) and leader of an anti-Habsburg insurrection

The legendary seven Hungarian chiefs depicted in the Illuminated Chronicle

Hungarian nobility

1 links

The Hungarian nobility consisted of a privileged group of individuals, most of whom owned landed property, in the Kingdom of Hungary.

The Hungarian nobility consisted of a privileged group of individuals, most of whom owned landed property, in the Kingdom of Hungary.

The legendary seven Hungarian chiefs depicted in the Illuminated Chronicle
The remains of the 11th-century earthen fort at Szabolcs
Hunt, an ancestor of the Hont-Pázmány kindred, depicted in the Chronicon Pictum
The Golden Bull of 1222
Árva Castle (now Oravský hrad in Slovakia), one of the royal fortresses built after the Mongol invasion of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary in the second half of the 13th century
Léka Castle (now Burg Lockenhaus in Austria), built before 1300
Insignia of the Order of Saint George
The Hunyadi family's castle at Vajdahunyad
Gravestone of Stibor the Younger (died 1434) in Budapest History Museum
Thurzó family's coat of arms from the 15th century on the ceiling of Zápolya family chapel in Csütörtökhely, today in Slovakia
Hungary divided into three parts in 1572: Royal Hungary (and Croatia), Ottoman Hungary, and the western territories of the Principality of Transylvania
Paul I. Esterházy
The Esterházy's palace Eszterháza at Fertőd
Tivadar Kubinyi member of the Royal Hungarian Bodyguard
Francis I being crowned King of Hungary in the circle of Hungarian aristocrats, 1792
János Malonyay in a typical Hungarian noble dress, 1829
King Francis Joseph and members of the Hungarian nobility during the Millenium Celebrations of 1896
The Ancestors' Hall with the portraits of the Nádasdy family, Nádasdladány Mansion, late 19th century
Hungarian Prime Minister Count István Bethlen and Hungarian Finance Minister Tibor Kállay, 1923
Ruins of a demolished Hungarian neoclassical mansion in Alcsút

Gabriel Bethlen granted nobility to all Calvinist pastors.

Gabriel Báthory

1 links

Prince of Transylvania from 1608 to 1613.

Prince of Transylvania from 1608 to 1613.

Ruins of the Báthorys' castle at Szilágysomlyó (now Șimleu Silvaniei in Romania)
The Báthorys' fortress at Nagyecsed in 1688
Michael Weiss, mayor of Brassó (now Brașov in Romania)
Szeben during the 17th century
Várad (now Oradea in Romania) in 1617

The Sultan decided to replace Gabriel with an exiled Transylvanian nobleman, Gabriel Bethlen, and sent troops to invade the principality in August 1613.

Romania

0 links

Country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

Country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

Neacșu's letter from 1521, the oldest surviving document written in Old Romanian
Skull from the Peștera cu Oase (the oldest known remains of Homo sapiens in Europe).
Maximum territorial extent of the Kingdom of Dacia during Burebista's reign (early 40s BC.)
Ruins of sanctuaries at Sarmizegetusa Regia (Dacia's capital during the reigns of Burebista and Decebalus)
Gutthiuda, or the land of the Gothic-speaking Thervingi, and the neighbouring tribes (370s AD)
Vlad III of Wallachia (also known as Vlad the Impaler), medieval ruler of Wallachia
Changes in Romania's territory since 1859
Alexandru Ioan Cuza was the first Domnitor (i.e. Prince) of Romania (at that time the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia) between 1862 and 1866
Late 19th century ethnic map of Central Europe depicting predominantly Romanian-inhabited territories in blue. Hungarians are marked in yellow and Germans in pink.
King Carol I of Romania with his nephew Ferdinand I of Romania and great-nephew Carol II of Romania
Romania's territorial losses in the summer of 1940. Of these territories, only Northern Transylvania was regained after the end of World War II.
American B-24 Liberator flying over a burning oil refinery at Ploiești, as part of Operation Tidal Wave on 1 August 1943. Due to its role as a significant supplier of oil to the Axis, Romania was a prime target of Allied strategic bombing in 1943 and 1944.
King Michael I of Romania was forced to abdicate by the Communists in late December 1947, concomitant with the Soviet occupation of the country
Nicolae Ceaușescu ruled Romania as its communist leader from 1965 until 1989
The Romanian Revolution of 1989 was one of the few violent revolutions in the Iron Curtain that brought an end to communist rule
An anti-Communist and anti-FSN rally in Bucharest (1990)
Romania saw large waves of protests against judicial reforms during the 2017–2019 Romanian protests
Romania joined the European Union in 2007 and signed the Treaty of Lisbon
Romania joined NATO in 2004 and hosted its 2008 summit in Bucharest
Topographic map of Romania
Diplomatic missions of Romania
Romania is a noteworthy ally of the United States, being the first NATO member state that agreed to support increasing its defence spending after the 2017 Trump–Iohannis meeting at the White House
Romanian marine troopers during a combined Dutch–Romanian exercise at Vadu beach
Romanian Mircea Geoană, Deputy Secretary General of NATO
A proportional representation of Romania exports, 2019
The CEC Palace is situated on Bucharest's Victory Avenue
The Bucharest Stock Exchange Palace, situated in the capital's historical city centre
Dacia Duster concept at the Geneva Motor Show (2009)
Romania's road network
Graph depicting Romania's electricity supply mix as of 2015
Romanians in Romania by counties (Ethnic maps 1930–2011)
Ethnic map of the Kingdom of Romania based on the 1930 census data
Map of Romanian language frequency as spoken in Romania by districts (according to the 2011 census)
Map highlighting the use of the Romanian language worldwide, both as a native and as a foreign language
The University of Bucharest was opened in 1864
The Colțea Hospital in Bucharest completed a $90 million renovation in 2011.
Sibiu was the 2007 European Capital of Culture and 2019 European Region of Gastronomy
Timișoara was designated the European Capital of Culture in 2021 but will hold this title in 2023 due to COVID-19 postponement
Christmas market in Bucharest

Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy.

Peace of Nikolsburg

1 links

The Peace of Nikolsburg or Peace of Mikulov, signed on 31 December 1621 in Nikolsburg, Moravia (now Mikulov in the Czech Republic), was the treaty which ended the war between Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania and Emperor Ferdinand II of the Holy Roman Empire.

Lăzarea

0 links

One of the oldest settlements in the area, and is now a tourist and cultural centre.

One of the oldest settlements in the area, and is now a tourist and cultural centre.

Roman Catholic church

In the late 16th century, Druzsina, daughter of István Lázár married Farkas Bethlen of Iktár, and to this marriage was born the future prince of Transylvania Gabriel Bethlen.