Gabriel Naudé

Reading room of the Bibliothèque Mazarine (2010)

French librarian and scholar.

- Gabriel Naudé

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The Library of Alexandria, an early library.

Library science

Interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information.

Interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information.

The Library of Alexandria, an early library.
Portrait of Gabriel Naudé, author of Advis pour dresser une bibliothèque (1627), later translated into English in 1661

The earliest text on "library operations", Advice on Establishing a Library was published in 1627 by French librarian and scholar Gabriel Naudé.

A librarian in a military base library helps an airman find an entry in a book.

Librarian

Person who works professionally in a library, providing access to information, and sometimes social or technical programming, or instruction on information literacy to users.

Person who works professionally in a library, providing access to information, and sometimes social or technical programming, or instruction on information literacy to users.

A librarian in a military base library helps an airman find an entry in a book.
Burgundian scribe Jean Miélot in his scriptorium (15th century)
Enlightenment era librarian in a library, 19th-century painting by Georg Reimer, National Museum in Warsaw
Librarians at work, National Library of Norway, 1946
A librarian's workspace at Newmarket Public Library in 2013. iPad, PC, eReader and laptop computer are required tools.
A patron in a library
Justin Winsor, Librarian of Congress, c. 1885
Southwest Collections / Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University, US
The Radcliffe Science Library, Oxford University
Courtney Young (2015), librarian and former president of the American Library Association
Ida Leeson (1933) Mitchell librarian
Presenters and recipients of the New York Times-Carnegie Corporation of New York I Love My Librarian awards, presented in association with the American Library Association

During the 16th century, the idea of creating a Bibliotheca Universalis, a universal listing of all printed books, emerged from well-established academics and librarians: Conrad Gessner, Gabriel Naudé, John Dury, and Gottfried Leibniz.

Reading room of the Bibliothèque Mazarine

Bibliothèque Mazarine

Located within the Palais de l'institut de France, or the Palace of the Institute of France , at 23 quai de Conti in the 6th arrondissement, on the Left Bank of the Seine facing the Pont des Arts and the Louvre.

Located within the Palais de l'institut de France, or the Palace of the Institute of France , at 23 quai de Conti in the 6th arrondissement, on the Left Bank of the Seine facing the Pont des Arts and the Louvre.

Reading room of the Bibliothèque Mazarine
Facade of the Bibliothèque Mazarine within the Palace of the Institut de France
Carved coat of arms of Cardinal Mazarin on a bookcase
Cardinal Mazarin in his palace
Salle de lecture in the 1800s
Salle de lecture at the beginning of the 20th century

Between 1642 and 1653, Mazarin's librarian, Gabriel Naudé, traveled to Italy, Switzerland, Germany, England and Holand, buying entire libraries for Mazarin's collection, making it the largest library in Europe at the time, with forty thousand volumes.

Francesco Barberini in 1624, shortly after his uncle, Pope Urban VIII, made him a cardinal.

Francesco Barberini (1597–1679)

Italian Catholic Cardinal.

Italian Catholic Cardinal.

Francesco Barberini in 1624, shortly after his uncle, Pope Urban VIII, made him a cardinal.
Cardinal Francesco Barberini by Andrea Sacchi

He founded a rich library at the Palazzo Barberini which included ancient Greek and Roman manuscripts, and he supported numerous European intellectuals, scholars, scientists and artists, including Athanasius Kircher, Jean Morin, Gabriel Naudé, Gerhard Johann Vossius, Heinsius and John Milton.

Evelyn in 1687

John Evelyn

English writer, landowner, gardener, courtier and minor government official, who is now best known as a diarist.

English writer, landowner, gardener, courtier and minor government official, who is now best known as a diarist.

Evelyn in 1687
Southover Grange, Evelyn's childhood home
Evelyn painted by Robert Walker, 1648, in the fashionable deshabillé
Portrait of John Evelyn by Hendrik van der Borcht II, 1641
Evelyn's motto written in a book he bought in Paris in 1651. Keep what is better
Drawing of Wotton House near Guildford by Evelyn, 1640
Illustration from critique of Silva, or a discourse of forest-trees: terra... published in Acta Eruditorum, 1707
Etching by Evelyn for his friend Thomas Henshaw, known as an alchemist
Sculptura, 1662, with engraved frontispiece by Evelyn
Title page of second edition of Sylva, dated 1670 although according to his Diary Evelyn presented the new edition in 1669.
Detail of Engraved portrait of Evelyn by Robert Nanteuil, 1650

Instructions Concerning Erecting of a Library ... (1661), from the French of Gabriel Naudé;

Portrait by Sébastien Bourdon, who exaggerated her eyes.

Christina, Queen of Sweden

Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.

Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.

Portrait by Sébastien Bourdon, who exaggerated her eyes.
Tre Kronor in Stockholm by Govert Dircksz Camphuysen. Most of Sweden's national library and royal archives were destroyed when the castle burned in 1697.
Portrait of king Gustaf Adolf of Sweden
A contemporary portrait of Maria Eleonora, showing the resemblance to her daughter Christina
The 14-year-old Christina as queen, painting by Jacob Heinrich Elbfas
An image of Christina on a 1645 Erfurt 10 ducat coin. Between 1631 and 1648, during the Thirty Years' War, Erfurt was occupied by Swedish forces.
Queen Christina (at the table on the right) in discussion with French philosopher René Descartes. (Romanticized painting by Nils Forsberg (1842-1934), after Pierre Louis Dumesnil
Christina by David Beck
Christina of Sweden, by Sébastien Bourdon (1653). Museo del Prado
Christina's abdication in 1654, drawing by Erik Dahlberg
Portrait by Jacob Ferdinand Voet
Celebrations for Christina at Palazzo Barberini on 28 February 1656
Letter from Queen Christina to Decio Azzolino in the National Archives of Sweden
Decio Azzolino by Jacob Ferdinand Voet
Galerie des Cerfs
Christina's bedroom in the Palazzo Corsini
Portrait of Christina; painted in 1661 by Abraham Wuchters
The elderly Christina
Christina's sarcophagus in the extensive papal crypt at the Vatican
Christina by David Beck
Bust of Christina by Giulio Cartari in Palacio Real de La Granja de San Ildefonso
Persian coat owned by Christina, probably woven under Shah Abbas II's Government (1586–1628).
Christina in her later years
Ebba Sparre married in 1652 a brother of Magnus Gabriel de la Gardie. Painting by Sébastien Bourdon

Other illustrious scholars who came to visit were Claude Saumaise, Johannes Schefferus, Olaus Rudbeck, Johann Heinrich Boeckler, Gabriel Naudé, Christian Ravis, Nicolaas Heinsius and Samuel Bochart, together with Pierre Daniel Huet and Marcus Meibomius, who wrote a book about Greek dance.

Pierre Gassendi
after Louis-Édouard Rioult

Pierre Gassendi

French philosopher, Catholic priest, astronomer, and mathematician.

French philosopher, Catholic priest, astronomer, and mathematician.

Pierre Gassendi
after Louis-Édouard Rioult
Romanum calendarium

There remains some controversy as to the extent to which Gassendi subscribed to the so-called libertinage érudit, the learned free-thinking that characterised the Tétrade, the Parisian circle to which he belonged, along with Gabriel Naudé and two others (Élie Diodati and François de La Mothe Le Vayer).

Cesare Cremonini (philosopher)

Italian professor of natural philosophy, working rationalism (against revelation) and Aristotelian materialism (against the dualist immortality of the soul) inside scholasticism.

Italian professor of natural philosophy, working rationalism (against revelation) and Aristotelian materialism (against the dualist immortality of the soul) inside scholasticism.

Explanatio prooemii librorum Aristotelis De physico auditu, 1596

As for the accusations, and beyond Cremonini's teachings: indeed his personal motto was "Intus ut libet, foris ut moris est" (Latin for "In private think what you wish, in public behave as is the custom"), which was taken by humanists as meaning that a scientific thinker could hold one set of opinions as a philosopher, and another set as a Christian; it was also adopted by European Libertines (brought back to France by his student and confidant Gabriel Naudé).

Guy Patin by Antoine Masson

Guy Patin

French doctor and man of letters.

French doctor and man of letters.

Guy Patin by Antoine Masson

Naudaeana et Patiniana, ou, Singularitez Remarquables, recording conversations between Patin and his great friend Gabriel Naudé, librarian of the Bibliothèque Mazarine, was edited by Jean-Aymar Piganiol de La Force and published in Paris, 1701; a revised edition with a Preface by Pierre Bayle appeared in Amsterdam, 1703.

The belfry, entrance to the

Abbeville

Commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

Commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

The belfry, entrance to the
A map of Abbeville and the surrounding communes
The railway station (on a postcard of 1905)
Miniature de saint Matthieu, St. Riquier Gospels, municipal library
Hand axe of Menchecourt-les-Abbeville, shown at the 1867 International Exposition) – Muséum de Toulouse
The Virgin and Child known as Virgin of Abbeville, from 1270, would come from the Ursuline convent of Abbeville, Paris, Louvre (1907).
, bas-relief in bronze of in memory of Ringois (Inaugurated in 1887)
The La Barre Monument.
The Place Saint-Pierre, before 1914
The German advance until 21 May 1940
The Saint-Vulfran Collegiate Church
The belfry and the Boucher-de-Perthes Museum
The Place Max-Lejeune in the heart of Abbeville
The Abbeville war memorial
The Robert Mallet Municipal Library (former hôtel of Emonville) and gardens
Abbeville railway station in February 2010
The town hall of Abbeville

Gabriel Naudé, organiser of the Bibliothèque Mazarine, died in 1653 in Abbeville