Gaekwad dynasty

Baroda state in 1909
Laxmi Vilas Palace of the Gaekwad dynasty.
A print of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad
Sayajirao with Richard Temple, the Governor of Bombay and other members of the court. Circa 1880
Pilaji Rao, the founder of the dynasty

The Gaekwads of Baroda (also spelled as Gaikwads, Guicowars, Gaekwars) (IAST: Gāyakavāḍa) are a Hindu dynasty of the former Maratha Empire and its subsequent Princely States.

- Gaekwad dynasty

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Shahu I

Shahu Bhosale I (Pronunciation: [ʃaːɦuː];c.

After his death, his ministers and generals such as the Peshwas, Bhonsle of Nagpur, Gaikwad, Shinde and Holkar, carved out their own fieldoms and turned the empiure into a confedercacy.

Baroda State

Baroda State, 1896
Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad III (1863–1939), Maharaja of Baroda
Baroda State. Standard of the Maharaja (1874–1936)
Silver rupee of Sayaji Rao II of Baroda (ruled 1819–47), naming the Mughal emperor Muhammad Akbar II, dated AH 1238 (= 1822–23 CE). The prominent Nagari letter sa stands for Sayaji Rao and we also see a curved sword, one of the dynastic symbols of the Gaekwads and seen also on the Baroda state flag.
Silver rupee of Sayaji Rao III of Baroda (ruled 1875–1939), showing his portrait. This coin is dated 1955 in the Vikrama era (= 1897 CE).
Makarpura Palace, built by Maharaja Khende Rao in 1870.
Laxmi Vilas Palace, Baroda, built by Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III in 1890
Koli population in Baroda State in 1931
Kirti Mandir, the cenotaph of the Gaekwads in Baroda.
Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad

Baroda State was a state in present-day Gujarat, ruled by the Gaekwad dynasty of the Maratha Confederacy from its formation in 1721 until its accession to the newly formed Dominion of India in 1949.

Sayajirao Gaekwad III

The Maharaja of Baroda State from 1875 to 1939, and is remembered for reforming much of his state during his rule.

Sayajirao III Gaekwad, Maharaja of Baroda, 1919
Group portrait with sister Tara Bai and adoptive mother Jamna Bai (Circa 1880)
Maharani Chimnabai by Raja Ravi Varma
H H Gaekwar of Baroda in 1889
Maharaja Sayaji Rao, portrait by Raja Ravi Varma.
Sayajirao with Sir Richard Temple, the Governor of Bombay and other members of the court. c. 1880
Ajwa Reservoir, with 64 gates
Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, Kala Ghoda Statue at Vadodara
Gaekwad in Chicago, United States in 1906.

He belonged to the royal Gaekwad dynasty of the Marathas which ruled parts of present-day Gujarat.


Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".

Chamarajendra Wadiyar X, the Maharaja of Mysore (1885)
Durbar of Pudukkottai Maharaja with British officials.
Maharaja Jaswant Singh II of Marwar, c. 1880. Attributed to Narsingh. The Brooklyn Museum.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale. The Maratha king preferred the title of Chhatrapati as against Maharaja and was the founder and sovereign of the Maratha Empire of India
Sri Panch Bada Mahārājādhirāja Prithvi Narayan Shah Dev of Nepal.
His Highness Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Sir Khengarji III Sawai Bahadur, Rao of Kutch, GCIE, KIH
Maharaja Sir Pratap Singh of Jammu and Kashmir
Shree Panch Mahārājādhirāja Rana Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samaravijayinam, Sovereign King of Nepal
Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun, King of Thailand (2016–)
Maharaja Bhagvat-Singh of Gondal.
The Maratha Rajarshi Shahu Chhatrapati Maharaj of Kolhapur.
The Maratha Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III of Baroda.
Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, the Maharaja of Travancore
Maharaja Nripendra Narayan of Cooch Behar.
Maharaja Duleep Singh, the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire.
Maharaja Vikram Dev III of Jeypore Samasthanam Estate, Kalinga.
thumb|Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore

Certain Hindu dynasties even came to use a unique style, including a term which as such is not of princely rank, e.g. Maharaja Gaikwar of Baroda, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior, Maharaja Holkar of Indore, three of the very highest ranking ruling Maratha houses.


Second largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Street scene in Baroda (c. 1880)
Kirti Mandir
Raopura Tower
Ganesh Chaturthi Celebration at JKSP Home Vadodara
Khanderao Market – Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan Building
Mandvi Gate
Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery
The Flora Clock at Sayaji Baug
Kalaghoda circle
Nyay Mandir, Vadodara High Court
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Vadodara Airport
Vadodara Junction Railway Station
Bus terminus in Vadodara
Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway

The city is prominent for landmarks such as the Laxmi Vilas Palace, which served as the residence of the Maratha royal Gaekwad dynasty that ruled over Baroda State.

Third Battle of Panipat

The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761 between the Maratha Empire and the invading army of the Durrani Afghan Empire.

c. 1770 Faizabad-style painting of the Third Battle of Panipat; the centre of the image is dominated by the twin arcs of the lines of guns firing at each other with smoke and destruction in between.
Extent of the Maratha Empire, 1760
Sadashivrao Bhau
Engraving of a Maratha soldier by James Forbes.
Portrait of Ahmad Shah Durrani
Plan of the Third Battle of Panipat based on Kashi raja (Casi Raja) Pandit's account
Mahadaji Shinde restored Maratha domination over northern India, within a decade after the war.
Map of India in 1765, before the fall of Nawabs and Princely states nominally allied to the emperor (mainly in Green).

Bhau's force was bolstered by some Maratha forces under Holkar, Scindia, Gaikwad and Govind Pant Bundele.

Order of the Star of India

Order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1861.

Insignia of a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India (GCSI)
The flag of the Viceroy of India displayed the Star of the Order beneath the Tudor Crown.
George V investing an Indian Prince with The Star of India, 14th December, 1911 by William Barnes Wollen
Investiture of the Star of India, Delhi (detail), by George Jacomb-Hood. King George V is depicted awarding the GCSI to Ganga Singh, Maharaja of Bikaner, at the 1911 Delhi Durbar
Mantle of the Order
Representation of the star of the order on the mantle
Star and Collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Order
thumb|Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin, Viceroy of India, in the robes of the Order of the Star of India
Sayajirao Gaekwad III, Maharaja of Baroda, wearing the sash and star of a GCSI, as well as the star of a GCIE, 1919
Ashutosh Mukherjee, the "Tiger of Bengal"
Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India, in the robes of the Order
The Maharaja of Cochin wearing the mantle of the Order for the occasion of King Edward VII's Delhi Durbar of 1903

Some states were of such importance that their rulers were almost always appointed Knights Grand Commanders; such rulers included the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Maharaja of Mysore, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, the Maharaja of Baroda, the Maharajas of Gwalior, the Nawab of Bhopal, the Maharaja of Indore, the Maharajas of Singrauli, the Maharana of Udaipur, the Maharaja of Travancore, the Maharaja of Jodhpur and the Maharao of Cutch.

Maratha Empire

Confederacy that came to dominate a large portion of early modern India in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

Bhau's force was bolstered by some Maratha forces under Holkar, Scindia, Gaikwad and Govind Pant Bundele.

Damaji Rao Gaekwad

Portrait of Damaji Rao Gaekwad
Damajino Dero, a memorial dedicated to him located at Savli, Gujarat

Damaji Rao Gaekwad was the second Maharaja of Baroda reigning from 1732 to 1768 until his death.

Pilaji Rao Gaekwad

Maratha general.

He is considered to be the founder of the Gaekwad dynasty of the Maratha Empire, who became Maharaja of Baroda.