Gaeru of Baekje

GaeruKing Gaeru of BaekjeKing Gaeru
Gaeru of Baekje (died 166, r. 128–166) was the fourth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.wikipedia
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List of monarchs of Korea

List of Korean monarchsRulers of Koreacomplete list
Gaeru of Baekje (died 166, r. 128–166) was the fourth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Baekje

PaekcheBaekje KingdomBaekjae
Gaeru of Baekje (died 166, r. 128–166) was the fourth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
King Gaeru is believed to have moved the capital north of the river to Bukhansanseong in 132, probably in present-day Goyang to the northwest of Seoul.

Bukhansanseong

Bukhansanseong FortressPukhan Mountain Fortress
In 132, he founded Bukhansanseong in present-day Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea.
The name is also given to a fortress mentioned in the Samguk Sagi, constructed by Gaeru of Baekje in 132 CE, and the two are often conflated although the putative connection is contested.

Samguk sagi

History of the Three KingdomsSamguksagiHistorical Record of the Three Kingdoms
According to the history compilation Samguk Sagi, he was the son of the previous king Giru.

Chogo of Baekje

ChogoKing Chogo of BaekjeKing Chogo
Baekje fought off many Goguryeo (the northern Korean kingdom) invasions from this fortress, and the 5th king Chogo based his northward campaign on it. The Samguk Sagi states that Gaeru's eldest son became the 5th king Chogo and the second son became the 8th king Goi.
According to the history compilation Samguk Sagi, he was the son of the previous king Gaeru.

Giru of Baekje

GiruKing Giru of Baekje
According to the history compilation Samguk Sagi, he was the son of the previous king Giru.

Goi of Baekje

GoiKing Goi
The Samguk Sagi states that Gaeru's eldest son became the 5th king Chogo and the second son became the 8th king Goi.
He was the second son of the 4th king Gaeru and younger brother of the 5th king Chogo.

Three Kingdoms of Korea

Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms periodKorea
Gaeru of Baekje (died 166, r. 128–166) was the fourth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Goyang

Goyang-siKoyangGoyang City
In 132, he founded Bukhansanseong in present-day Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea.

Gyeonggi Province

Gyeonggi-doGyeonggiGijeon
In 132, he founded Bukhansanseong in present-day Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
In 132, he founded Bukhansanseong in present-day Goyang city, Gyeonggi, South Korea.

Goguryeo

KoguryoKoguryŏGoguryeo Kingdom
Baekje fought off many Goguryeo (the northern Korean kingdom) invasions from this fortress, and the 5th king Chogo based his northward campaign on it.

Silla

Silla DynastySilla KingdomShilla
Baekje's relationship with the southeastern rival Silla was peaceful for most of his period of reign.

Hangul

Chosŏn'gŭlHangeulKorean
However, in 145, a Silla minister named Gilseon failed his coup d'etat attempt and fled to Baekje.

Hanja

HanchahanmunChinese characters
However, in 145, a Silla minister named Gilseon failed his coup d'etat attempt and fled to Baekje.

Coup d'état

coupcoup d'etatmilitary coup
However, in 145, a Silla minister named Gilseon failed his coup d'etat attempt and fled to Baekje.

Adalla of Silla

AdallaAdalla IsageumKing Adalla
Gaeru gave him refuge despite the Silla king Adalla's written request for his return.

Sobaek Mountains

SobaekSobaek Mountain range
Silla subsequently attacked Baekje, and a broad war over the Sobaek Mountains ensued.

Gaero of Baekje

GaeroKing GaeroKing Gaero of Baekje
The 21st king Gaero (also known as Geungaeru) apparently took Gaeru's name to assert the legitimacy of this.