Gagarin's Start

1/5Site 1/5LC-1/5Pad 1/5Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 1Launch Pad 1Site 1Site No.1Site No.1/5Area 1/5
Gagarin's Start (Гагаринский старт, Gagarinskiy start), also known as Baikonur Site 1 or Site 1/5 is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used for the Soviet space program and now managed by Roscosmos.wikipedia
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Baikonur Cosmodrome

BaikonurBaykonur CosmodromeBaikonur space center
Gagarin's Start (Гагаринский старт, Gagarinskiy start), also known as Baikonur Site 1 or Site 1/5 is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used for the Soviet space program and now managed by Roscosmos.
The launch pad used for both missions was renamed Gagarin's Start in honor of Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, pilot of Vostok 1 and first human in space.

Sputnik 1

SputniksatelliteEarth's first artificial satellite
On 4 October 1957 the pad was used to launch the world's first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1.
Sputnik 1 was launched during the International Geophysical Year from Site No.1/5, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now known as the Baikonur Cosmodrome).

Vostok 1

first human spaceflightthe first manned spaceflightVostok
The launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight made by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1 in 1961, the site was referred to as Site No.1 (Площадка №1, ''Ploshchadka No.

Yuri Gagarin

GagarinYury Gagarinfirst cosmonaut
The launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight made by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1 in 1961, the site was referred to as Site No.1 (Площадка №1, ''Ploshchadka No. Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir.
The launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome from which Sputnik 1 and Vostok 1 were launched is now known as Gagarin's Start.

Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31

31/6Site 31/6LC-31/6
In 1961, the growing launch schedule of the Soviet space program resulted in the opening of a sister pad at Baikonur, LC-31/6.
From 2011 onwards, it was supposed to be the launch site for manned Soyuz missions to the International Space Station, when launches switched from the Soyuz-FG carrier rocket to the Soyuz-2, which was unable to use the launch pad at Site 1/5.

International Space Station

ISSInternational Space Station (ISS)Space Station
The last flight from Gagarin's Start was the Soyuz MS-15 flight to ISS, launched 25 September 2019.
Poisk was launched on 10 November 2009 attached to a modified Progress spacecraft, called Progress M-MIM2, on a Soyuz-U rocket from Launch Pad 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Soyuz MS-15

The last flight from Gagarin's Start was the Soyuz MS-15 flight to ISS, launched 25 September 2019.

Soyuz 7K-ST No. 16L

Soyuz T-10-1Soyuz T-10aSoyuz T-10
As of 2016, the most recent accident to occur on or around the pad was the attempted launch of Soyuz T-10-1 in September 1983 ended disastrously when the booster caught fire during prelaunch preparations and exploded, causing severe damage that left LC-1 inoperable for almost a year.

Kazakhstan

KAZKazakhRepublic of Kazakhstan
Gagarin's Start (Гагаринский старт, Gagarinskiy start), also known as Baikonur Site 1 or Site 1/5 is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used for the Soviet space program and now managed by Roscosmos.

Soviet space program

SovietSoviet space programmespace program
Gagarin's Start (Гагаринский старт, Gagarinskiy start), also known as Baikonur Site 1 or Site 1/5 is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used for the Soviet space program and now managed by Roscosmos.

Roscosmos

Russian Federal Space AgencyRoskosmosRSA
Gagarin's Start (Гагаринский старт, Gagarinskiy start), also known as Baikonur Site 1 or Site 1/5 is a launch site at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used for the Soviet space program and now managed by Roscosmos.

Government of the Soviet Union

Soviet governmentCouncil of MinistersCouncil of Ministers of the USSR
On 17 March 1954 the Council of Ministers ordered several ministries to select a site for a proving ground to test the R-7 rocket by 1 January 1955.

Proving ground

military training areatraining areaProving Grounds
On 17 March 1954 the Council of Ministers ordered several ministries to select a site for a proving ground to test the R-7 rocket by 1 January 1955.

R-7 (rocket family)

R-7derivativesR-7 family
On 17 March 1954 the Council of Ministers ordered several ministries to select a site for a proving ground to test the R-7 rocket by 1 January 1955.

Reconnaissance

scoutscoutsreconnaissance in force
A special reconnaissance commission considered several possible geographic regions and selected Tyuratam in the Kazakh SSR.

Tyuratam

Turatam
A special reconnaissance commission considered several possible geographic regions and selected Tyuratam in the Kazakh SSR.

Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

Kazakh SSRKazakhstanKazakh
A special reconnaissance commission considered several possible geographic regions and selected Tyuratam in the Kazakh SSR.

Valentina Tereshkova

TereshkovaValentina V. TereshkovaValentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir.

Human spaceflight

space travelmannedmanned spaceflight
Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Manned spaceflights launched from the site include Yuri Gagarin's flight, Valentina Tereshkova's flight, and numerous other human spaceflight missions, including all Soviet and Russian manned spaceflights to Mir.