Gait (human)

gaithuman gaitheel strikecrawlcrawlinghuman gaitshuman locomotionskippedwalking style[5
Human gait refers to locomotion achieved through the movement of human limbs.wikipedia
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Hand walking

handstand walkwalking on his handshand balancers
Examples of the latter include hand walking and specialized gaits used in martial arts.
Hand walking is an unusual form of human locomotion in which a person travels in a vertically inverted orientation with all body weight resting on the hands.

Barefoot running

barefootrunning barefootran barefoot
Typically, barefoot walking features heel or midfoot strike, while barefoot running features midfoot or forefoot strike.
While footwear might provide protection from cuts, bruises, impact and weather, proponents argue that running barefoot reduces the risk of chronic injuries (notably repetitive stress injuries) caused by heel striking in padded running shoes.

Cerebellum

cerebellarcerebellar cortexcerebellar nuclei
Damage to this region causes disturbances of balance and gait.

Limp

lamenesslamelimping
A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait.

Gait abnormality

gait abnormalitiesgaitgait ataxia
Gait abnormality is a deviation from normal walking (gait).

Gait Abnormality Rating Scale

Gait Abnormality Rating Scale (GARS) is a videotape-based analysis of 16 facets of human gait.

Astasia-abasia

Astasia abasia
The term abasia literally means that the base of gait (the lateral distance between the two feet) is inconstant or unmeasurable.

Power walking

fitwalkingspeed walkingPower Walk
Power Walking or speed walking is the act of walking with a speed at the upper end of the natural range for the walking gait, typically 7 to 9 km/h (4.5 to 5.5 mph).

Marche à petit pas

Marche a petit pas
Marche à petits pas (“gait with little steps”) is a type of gait disorder characterised by an abnormal short stepped gait with upright stance (in strict sense, as opposed to generally stooping short-stepped gait of Parkinson's disease), seen in various neurological (or sometimes muscular) disorders.

Terrestrial locomotion

locomotionterrestrialTerrestrial locomotion in animals
For example, the main human gaits are bipedal walking and running, but they employ many other gaits occasionally, including a four-legged crawl in tight spaces.

Animal locomotion

locomotionlocomotor activitylocomotor
Human gait refers to locomotion achieved through the movement of human limbs.

Limb (anatomy)

limblimbsextremities
Human gait refers to locomotion achieved through the movement of human limbs.

Bipedalism

bipedalbipedbipeds
Human gait is defined as bipedal, biphasic forward propulsion of center of gravity of the human body, in which there are alternate sinuous movements of different segments of the body with least expenditure of energy.

Bipedal gait cycle

gait cyclebiphasic forward propulsionloading
Human gait is defined as bipedal, biphasic forward propulsion of center of gravity of the human body, in which there are alternate sinuous movements of different segments of the body with least expenditure of energy.

Sinuosity

sinuousmeandering ratiomeanders
Human gait is defined as bipedal, biphasic forward propulsion of center of gravity of the human body, in which there are alternate sinuous movements of different segments of the body with least expenditure of energy.

Soil

soilsdirtsoil moisture
Different gait patterns are characterized by differences in limb-movement patterns, overall velocity, forces, kinetic and potential energy cycles, and changes in the contact with the surface (ground, floor, etc.).

Floor

subfloorstoryfloor structures
Different gait patterns are characterized by differences in limb-movement patterns, overall velocity, forces, kinetic and potential energy cycles, and changes in the contact with the surface (ground, floor, etc.).

Sneakers

athletic shoetrainerssneaker
By contrast, 75% of runners wearing modern running shoes heel strike, running shoes being characterized by a padded sole, stiff soles and arch support, and sloping down from a more padded heel to a less padded forefoot.

Central pattern generator

Central Pattern Generatorsmotor pattern generationpattern generator
This rhythmic firing is the result of Central Pattern Generators (CPG) that are present throughout the tracts.

Supplementary motor area

supplementary motor cortexpreSMASMA
These are the supplementary motor area (SMA) and the prefrontal cortex (PFC.) When these regions are inhibited in bi-pedal monkeys, a close relative to humans, they experience irregular gait.

Prefrontal cortex

medial prefrontal cortexprefrontalAttention versus memory in prefrontal cortex
These are the supplementary motor area (SMA) and the prefrontal cortex (PFC.) When these regions are inhibited in bi-pedal monkeys, a close relative to humans, they experience irregular gait.

Parkinson's disease

ParkinsonParkinson’s diseaseParkinson disease
How these regions are regulated has yet to be fully elucidated, however they serve as current areas of research for disorders associated with irregular gait, such as Parkinson's.

Motor coordination

coordinationmovementpsychomotor coordination
The cerebellum plays a major role in motor coordination.

Error correction model

ECMerror correction modelserror-correction model
Regulation of gait by the cerebellum is referred to as “error/correction,” because the cerebellum responds to abnormalities in posture in order to coordinate proper movement.