Gait analysis

gaitgait is assessedgait patternsgait recognitiongait-recognition cameraspathokinesiologystridestudy of human locomotion
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.wikipedia
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Biomechanics

biomechanicalbiomechanistbiomechanic
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.
It focuses on the application of the scientific principles of mechanical physics to understand movements of action of human bodies and sports implements such as cricket bat, hockey stick and javelin etc. Elements of mechanical engineering (e.g., strain gauges), electrical engineering (e.g., digital filtering), computer science (e.g., numerical methods), gait analysis (e.g., force platforms), and clinical neurophysiology (e.g., surface EMG) are common methods used in sports biomechanics.

Pedobarography

Foot pressureData Analysisplantar pressure
The spatial distribution of forces can be measured with pedobarography equipment.
Used most often for biomechanical analysis of gait and posture, pedobarography is employed in a wide range of applications including sports biomechanics and gait biometrics.

Christian Wilhelm Braune

In the 1890s, the German anatomist Christian Wilhelm Braune and Otto Fischer published a series of papers on the biomechanics of human gait under loaded and unloaded conditions.
The methodology of gait analysis used by Braune is essentially the same used today.

Gait

gallopleaping gaitsaction
The study encompasses quantification (i.e. introduction and analysis of measurable parameters of gaits), as well as interpretation, i.e. drawing various conclusions about the animal (health, age, size, weight, speed etc.) from its gait pattern.

Motion capture

performance capturemotion-capturehead tracking
Gait analysis is one application of motion capture in clinical medicine.

Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function

Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function, Second Edition
Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function is a textbook that focuses on human gait analysis and is written by Drs.

David F. Levine

His research and publication contributions focus on veterinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including canine physical therapy, animal assisted therapy, gait analysis and motion analysis, the use of modalities such as electrical stimulation and therapeutic ultrasound, as well as clinical infectious disease research.

Little Brother (Doctorow novel)

Little BrotherLittle Brother'' (Doctorow novel)
Publishers Weekly said that it was "filled with sharp dialogue and detailed descriptions of how to counteract gait-recognition cameras, RFID's (radio frequency ID tags), wireless Internet tracers and other surveillance devices, this work makes its admittedly didactic point within a tautly crafted fictional framework."

Force platform

force plateforce platesforceplate
Many pressure measurement systems integrate with additional types of analysis systems, like motion capture, EMG or force plates to provide a comprehensive gait analysis.

Gait deviations

Gait disturbanceincoordination of gaitproblems with gait
The following gait deviation measurements quantify differences using gait analysis and other tests that typically necessitate specialized instrumentation or clinical environments.

Terrestrial locomotion

locomotionterrestrialTerrestrial locomotion in animals
Gait analysis is the study of gait in humans and other animals.

Animal locomotion

locomotionlocomotor activitylocomotor
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.

Instrumentation

Instrumentation EngineeringApplied Electronics & Instrumentation EngineeringElectronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.

Sports biomechanics

biomechanicsbiomechanicalsport biomechanics
It is also commonly used in sports biomechanics to help athletes run more efficiently and to identify posture-related or movement-related problems in people with injuries.

Quantification (science)

quantificationquantifyquantitation
The study encompasses quantification (i.e. introduction and analysis of measurable parameters of gaits), as well as interpretation, i.e. drawing various conclusions about the animal (health, age, size, weight, speed etc.) from its gait pattern.

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

Giovanni BorelliBorelliBorelli, Giovanni Alfonso
The pioneers of scientific gait analysis were Aristotle in De Motu Animalium (On the Gait of Animals) and much later in 1680, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli also called De Motu Animalium (I et II).

Photography

photographerphotographicstill photography
With the development of photography and cinematography, it became possible to capture image sequences that reveal details of human and animal locomotion that were not noticeable by watching the movement with the naked eye.

Cinematography

cinematographercinematographiccinema
With the development of photography and cinematography, it became possible to capture image sequences that reveal details of human and animal locomotion that were not noticeable by watching the movement with the naked eye.

Eadweard Muybridge

MuybridgeEadward MuybridgeEdweard Muybridge
Eadweard Muybridge and Étienne-Jules Marey were pioneers of these developments in the early 1900s.

Étienne-Jules Marey

MareyEtienne Jules MareyEtienne-Jules Marey
Eadweard Muybridge and Étienne-Jules Marey were pioneers of these developments in the early 1900s.

Horse gait

gaitsgaitgallop
For example, serial photography first revealed the detailed sequence of the horse "gallop", which was usually misrepresented in paintings made prior to this discovery.

Movie camera

motion picture cameracameracine camera
Although much early research was done using film cameras, the widespread application of gait analysis to humans with pathological conditions such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, and neuromuscular disorders, began in the 1970s with the availability of video camera systems that could produce detailed studies of individual patients within realistic cost and time constraints.

Cerebral palsy

palsycerebral palsy sufferersCP
Although much early research was done using film cameras, the widespread application of gait analysis to humans with pathological conditions such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, and neuromuscular disorders, began in the 1970s with the availability of video camera systems that could produce detailed studies of individual patients within realistic cost and time constraints.