A report on Gajapati Empire

The Gajapatis at their height in the mid-15th century
Kapileswar Temple at old Bhubaneswar built during the reign of Kapilendra Deva (r.1434–66).
Sculpture of Kapilendradeva.
Depiction of Gajapati Prataparudradeba in Sarpeswara temple, built during his rule at Balarampur village near Kakhadi.
15th century copper plate grant of Gajapati emperor Purushottama Deva
alt=Lingaraj Temple Inscription of Kapilendra Deva issuing warning to the vassal kings for complete loyalty to him or else loose their property and be banished from the kingdom|Lingaraj Temple Inscription of Kapilendra Deva
Narendra tank at Puri built during the rule of Kapilendra Deva
Meghanada wall fortifications of the Puri Jagannath temple constructed during the rule of Kapilendra Deva

Empire established by the Suryavamsa dynasty who were a medieval Hindu dynasty from the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Trikalinga (most of present-day Odisha and Northern coastal Andhra) from 1434 to 1541 CE and succeeded the reign of the Eastern Gangas.

- Gajapati Empire
The Gajapatis at their height in the mid-15th century

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Eastern Ganga dynasty

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The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.

The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.

Main Temple Structure, Konark Sun Temple.
Reliefs at the Konark Sun Temple.
Jagannath Temple at Puri, built by Maharaja Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva.
13th century temple inscription of Ananta Vasudeva Temple
Loving Couple (Mithuna) 13th century, Eastern Ganga Dynasty, Orissa, India
A Fanam (Coin) of Eastern Ganga Dynasty
Eastern Ganga coinage numerals
A Temple in Sri Mukhalingam temple complex
Konark Sun Temple at Konark, Odisha, built by King Narasimhadeva I (1238–1264), it is now a World Heritage Site.
A Stone carved throne at Simhachalam temple

However, renowned British scholar, artist, art critic, historian, archaeologist, and an authority on Indian art and architecture, Percy Brown, suggested that the temples of Mukhalingam predated the temples of Bhubaneswar and had been built as per the Badami Chalukya Temple Architecture originating from Karnataka since the 4th century CE and they were followed as a specimen model by the Odiya craftsmen in constructing temples in their Trikalinga (Odisha) region during the reign of Eastern Gangas, Gajapati empire and later on.

Andhra Pradesh

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Andhra Pradesh (, abbr.

Andhra Pradesh (, abbr.

Telugu Thalli
Rajmahal of Chandragiri Fort
Gandikota fort view
Archaeological Museums map of Andhra Pradesh
Mangrove forest near Kakinada
Map of Andhra Pradesh
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District court, Guntur
West Godavari district Collectorate complex, Eluru
Telugu Talli Statue near Kondareddy Buruju, Kurnool
Visakhapatnam is an important commercial hub of the state
Visakhapatnam skyline, overlooking seaport
Aerial View of Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL)
Isuzu Motors India manufacturing plant aerial view
Tech Mahindra Development Centre, Visakhapatnam
IBM-Software-IconicCampus-Visakhapatnam
CELKON Manufacturing plant at Tirupati
Mangampet Barytes
Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station
Srisailam Hydel power project
Kondapalli Toys at a house in Vijayawada
Kuchipudi dance
Vegetarian Andhra meal, served on important occasions
Undavalli Caves, is a monolithic example of Indian rock-cut architecture and one of the finest testimonials to ancient viswakarma sthapathis.
Gandikota Canyon
Vijayawada-Guntur Expressway section of NH 16
NH 140 near Tirupati
Vijayawada railway station
Map of airports and airstrips of Andhra Pradesh
Map of seaports in Andhra Pradesh
Visakhapatnam seaport
A ship at the Visakhapatnam port
Map of universities in Andhra Pradesh
Agriculture University, Guntur
ICI Tirupati
SVU Admin Building
S V Agricultural College Tirupati
SPA Vijayawada
Satish Dhawan Space Centre [SDSC], Sriharikota, Nellore
Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA–VDCA Cricket Stadium in Visakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh topographical map
Krishna River at Srisailam
Srikalahasti Temple
Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala
Rock-cut Buddha statue at Bojjannakonda near Anakapalle, Visakhapatnam.
Lush green farms in Konaseema, East Godavari
Map of Sugar industries in Andhra Pradesh

It was ruled by the Mauryan Empire, Satavahana dynasty, Salankayanas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Vishnukundinas, Eastern Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Gajapati Empire, Mughal Empire, Deccan sultanates, Qutb Shahi dynasty, and Asaf Jahis.

Odisha

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Indian state located in Eastern India.

Indian state located in Eastern India.

Lingaraja Temple built by the Somavanshi king Jajati Keshari
Hathigumpha on the Udayagiri Hills built in c. undefined
Shanti Stupa at Dhauli is the location where Kalinga War was fought in c. undefined
Mahanadi river near Cuttack
Satellite view of the Mahanadi river delta
Odisha State Secretariat building in Bhubaneswar
Map of districts of Odisha
One of the iron ore mines in Keonjhar district
Rourkela Steel Plant
Biju Patnaik Airport, Bhubaneswar
Gopalpur Port
East Coast Railway headquarters, Bhubaneswar
Tribal people of Koraput, Odisha
Gita Govinda
Bilingual signboard in English and Odia
Utkal University main gate
Chhau dance
Sharmila Biswas performing Odissi dance
Barabati Stadium in Cuttack
White tiger in the Nandankanan Zoo
Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in Chilika
Vanda tessellata, one of the orchids found in Odisha<ref name=NiyamgiriOrchids>{{cite journal|author1=P.K. Dash|author2=Santilata Sahoo|author3=Subhasisa Bal|title=Ethnobotanical Studies on Orchids of Niyamgiri Hill Ranges, Orissa, India|journal=Ethnobotanical Leaflets|year=2008 |issue=12|pages=70–78|url=http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=ebl&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.co.in%2Fscholar%3Fq%3DOrissa%2BOrchid%26btnG%3D%26hl%3Den%26as_sdt%3D0%252C5#search=%22Orissa%20Orchid%22|access-date=5 February 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150205133643/http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=ebl&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.co.in%2Fscholar%3Fq%3DOrissa%2BOrchid%26btnG%3D%26hl%3Den%26as_sdt%3D0%252C5#search=%22Orissa%20Orchid%22|archive-date=5 February 2015|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
Birds at Chilika Lake
Crocodile in Bhitarkanika National Park
The Rath Yatra in Jagannath Temple, Puri
Maa Tarini Temple, Ghatgaon
Gundichaghagi waterfall Keonjhar during monsoons

The inscriptions of Kapilendra Deva of the Gajapati Kingdom (1435–67) on the walls of temples in Puri call the region Odisha or Odisha Rajya.

Kapilendra Deva

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Lingaraj Temple Inscription of Kapilendra Deva issuing warning to the vassal kings for complete loyalty to him or else loose their property and be banished from the kingdom
Gajapati Kapilendra Deva Routray depicted holding a sword and seated in a dominating Lakulisha position at Kapileswar Temple in Old Bhubaneswar
Kuruma Bedha or Kurumbera fort compound built during the rule of Kapilendra Deva Routray and which is today within the territorial limits of West Bengal state.
Udayagiri fort situated in Nellore district was first built by conquering forces of Kapilendra Deva as the military headquarters of his Odishan empire's southern parts.
Odishan Empire of Gajapati Kapilendra Deva (1434 A.D - 1467 A.D)
Narendra tank at Puri dug during the rule of Kapilendra Deva
Meghanada wall resistant to even the sounds from outside and fortifying Jagannath temple was constructed during Kapilendra Deva
Kapileswar Temple at old Bhubaneswar built during Kapilendra Deva

Kapilendra Deva (Odia: କପିଳେନ୍ଦ୍ର ଦେବ; r. 1434–1467 CE) ) was the founder of the Suryavamsa Gajapati Empire that ruled parts of eastern and southern India, including present-day Odisha as the center of his empire.

Puri

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Coastal city and a municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

Coastal city and a municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

King Indradyumna of Ujjayani credited with building the original Puri Jagannath temple in 318 AD
Govardhana matha main gate
H.H Jagadguru Swami Nischalananda Saraswati, The Shankaracharya of Puri
The Atharanala Bridge dating back to the 16th century at the entrance of Puri
Samudra arati of worship of the sea by disciples of the Matha at Puri
The main entrance of the Jagannath Temple
Markandeshwar Tank
Sunrise at Puri Sea Beach
Main entrance of the Gundicha Temple
Sea at Swargadwar of Puri
Puri sea sunrise
Puri sea beach viewed from the light house
The Grand Road near the Jagannath Temple
The Ratha Yatra in Puri in modern times showing the three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background
Pahandi bije during Ratha Yatra at Puri
The Narendra Tirtha tank where ceremonies of Chandan Yatra are performed
Images during the Snana Yatra.
Suna Besha or Golden Attire of Lord Jagannatha
A scene from a play being enacted during the Sahi Yatra
Sand art of a baby elephant
An applique art work
Odissi dancer
Samanta Chandra Sekhara College, Puri

The Emar Matha was founded by the Tamil Vaishnava saint Ramanujacharya in the 12th century AD. This Matha, which is now located in front of Simhadvara across the eastern corner of the Jagannath Temple, is reported to have been built in the 16th century during the reign of kings of Suryavamsi Gajapatis.

Kalinga (historical region)

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Historical region of India.

Historical region of India.

Kalinga located in eastern Indian coast, in Vedic Period in c.1100 BCE
Possible extent of the Nanda Empire under its last ruler Dhana Nanda
Maurya Empire at Ashoka's regin in 250 BCE
Map of the Maha-Meghavahanas, circa 20 BCE
Gupta Empire on its zenith in 350 CE, under Samudragupta

The medieval era rulers to rule over the Kalinga region were the Suryavamsa Gajapatis, Bhoi dynasty, Paralakhemundi Gangas and the zamindaris of Ganjam and Vizagapatam.

Megalithic Dolmen of Iron Age period at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa

Uttarandhra

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Region consisting of six northern districts of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Region consisting of six northern districts of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Megalithic Dolmen of Iron Age period at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa
Evening scenic view in peddipalem village of Visakhapatnam District
West Entrance of the Vizianagaram fort in Andhra Pradesh
Vizianagaram Montage
Weaving at Ponduru
Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
Statue of Radha-Krishna on Beach Road
Simhachalam Temple

This event marked the foundation of the Gajapati Empire that ruled over the regions of Utkala (North Odisha) and Kalinga (South Odisha, North Andhra Pradesh).

Yaksha Relief at Pavurallakonda near Bheemunipatnam

Visakhapatnam

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Largest and most populous city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and its proposed administrative capital.

Largest and most populous city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and its proposed administrative capital.

Yaksha Relief at Pavurallakonda near Bheemunipatnam
Stone seated Buddha at Bojjannakonda near Anakapalle
Bavikonda stupas
Third-century BC Buddhist ruins of Totlakonda
International Fleet Review 2016
Kondakarla Ava, a bird sanctuary near Visakhapatnam
The average temperature of visakhapatnam
Vizag steel plant entrance
INS Kursura (S20)
City scape from beach road near Tenneti park
Love Vizag near TUV Aircraft Museum
Simhachalam Temple
Visakhapatnam Metro Express Highway Service at Kurmanapalem
Visakhapatnam railway station
Visakhapatnam Airport Terminal
St Aloysius' Anglo-Indian High School (SAS) established in 1847 in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Naval warship
Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy International Cricket Stadium at PM Palem
ENC Cricket Team which won the VDCA Institutional League Cricket Championship 2015–16
Sir C. V. Raman, Nobel Laureate (1930) and Physicist known for his discovery of Raman Effect.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first vice president of India on a postal stamp of 1967.

The city's control was alternating between the Chola dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom in 11th and 12th centuries, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century.

The Simhachalam temple or The Simanchala Temple

Varaha Lakshmi Narasimha temple, Simhachalam

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Hindu temple situated on the Simhachalam Hill Range, which is 300 metres above the sea level in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Hindu temple situated on the Simhachalam Hill Range, which is 300 metres above the sea level in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

The Simhachalam temple or The Simanchala Temple
A 1740 Chamba painting showing the slaying of the demon Hiranyaksha by lord Vishnu as Varaha with four hands. Varaha is also shown balancing the earth on his tusks.
An idol of Ramanuja in the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple.
An inscription on the way to the temple complex written in Telugu language.
Simhachalam locality from hill top
A view of Gangadhara, the temple's tank below the hill. It is also referred to as the Varaha Pushkarini.
A view of the temple's complex in which the rajagopuram and the vimana can be seen adjacent to each other.
The vimana of Simhachalam temple with a gold plated dome featuring a Vaishnavite icon.
The sanctum sanctorum of Simhachalam in which the temple's deity is housed. The rajagopuram can be seen towards the right.
A painting of Sudarshana Chakra with 16 hands. He serves as the bali bera (guardian idol) of Varaha Narasimha and forms part of the Baliharana (pacification) ceremony.
Bhaktotsava event of Kalyanotsava is dedicated to Thirumangai (pictured), one of the 12 Azhwars.
A painting at the Bhadrachalam temple depicting both the original form of the moolavar and the Lingam-like one after applying sandalwood paste.
A statue of Narasimha killing Hiranyakashipu on the walls of the temple's sanctum.
A painting depicting one of Krishna's childhood pranks of stealing butter.
Makaraveta festival, which occurs on a day after Makar Sankranti, celebrates Gajendra Moksha (pictured), the legend of Vishnu saving an elephant devoted to him from a crocodile.

After the fall of the Eastern Gangas, the Gajapathis came into power.

Depiction of Gajapati Prataparudradeba in Sarpeswara temple, built during his rule at Balarampur village near Kakhadi.

Prataparudra Deva

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Depiction of Gajapati Prataparudradeba in Sarpeswara temple, built during his rule at Balarampur village near Kakhadi.
Gajapati Pratapaparudra Deva
Possible depiction Jaunpur Sultan Hussain Shah Surrendering Before Prataparudra Gajapati at Dhabaleswar Temple, Cuttack
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Surviving upper part of the Bala Gopala Idol carried away by invading Vijayanagar forces as a symbol of victory after capturing the Udayagiri fort
Reduced limits of the traditional boundaries of the kingdom of Odisha after the fall of the centralized authority of the Gajapatis and before the Mughals took it over in 1592
A modern-day statue of Sri Chaitanya in Puri town

Prataparudra Deva (Odia: ଗଜପତି ପ୍ରତାପରୁଦ୍ର ଦେବ) was the third Gajapati emperor of Odisha from the Suryavamsa Gajapati Empire started by his grandfather Kapilendra Deva Routaraya.