Galileo (satellite navigation)

GalileoGalileo positioning systemGalileo projectGalileo Global Satellite Navigation SystemGalileo Navigation systemGalileo satellite navigation systemGalileo satellite system GalileoEuropean Galileo systemEuropean satellite positioning and navigation system Galileo
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that went live in 2016, created by the European Union (EU) through the European GNSS Agency (GSA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.wikipedia
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List of Galileo satellites

IOV-1/2(satellites FM-7, 12, 13, 14)first satellite
The first Galileo test satellite, the GIOVE-A, was launched 28 December 2005, while the first satellite to be part of the operational system was launched on 21 October 2011.
This is a list of past and present satellites of the Galileo navigation system.

GLONASS

Global Navigation Satellite SystemGLONASS GPSGLONASS K
One of the aims of Galileo is to provide an independent high-precision positioning system so European nations do not have to rely on the U.S. GPS, or the Russian GLONASS systems, which could be disabled or degraded by their operators at any time. The system is intended primarily for civilian use, unlike the more military-oriented systems of the United States (GPS), Russia (GLONASS), and China (BeiDou-1/2).
Binary offset carrier (BOC) is the modulation used by Galileo, modernized GPS, and BeiDou-2.

European GNSS Agency

GSAEuropean Global Navigation Satellite Systemheadquarters of Galileo
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that went live in 2016, created by the European Union (EU) through the European GNSS Agency (GSA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
The European Global Navigation Satellite Systems Agency (European GNSS Agency; GSA; formerly European GNSS Supervisory Authority) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that aims to ensure that essential public interests are properly defended and represented in connection with satellite navigation programmes of the union: Galileo and European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS).

Global Positioning System

GPSGlobal Positioning System (GPS)global positioning systems
One of the aims of Galileo is to provide an independent high-precision positioning system so European nations do not have to rely on the U.S. GPS, or the Russian GLONASS systems, which could be disabled or degraded by their operators at any time. The system is intended primarily for civilian use, unlike the more military-oriented systems of the United States (GPS), Russia (GLONASS), and China (BeiDou-1/2).
There are also the European Union Galileo positioning system, and India's NAVIC.

Binary offset carrier modulation

binary offset carrierBOCBOC(5,2)
In June 2004, in a signed agreement with the United States, the European Union agreed to switch to a modulation known as BOC(1,1) (Binary Offset Carrier 1.1) allowing the coexistence of both GPS and Galileo, and the future combined use of both systems.
It is currently used in the US GPS system, Indian IRNSS system and in Galileo and is a square sub-carrier modulation, where a signal is multiplied by a rectangular sub-carrier of frequency f_{sc} equal or higher to the chip rate.

German Aerospace Center

DLRGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)DFVLR
The countries that contribute most to the Galileo Project are Germany and Italy.
In addition to the already existing projects Mars Express, global navigation satellite system Galileo, and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, the Institute of Space Systems (German: Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme) was founded in Bremen on 26 January 2007.

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that went live in 2016, created by the European Union (EU) through the European GNSS Agency (GSA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
Galileo global navigation project

European Space Agency

ESAEuropeanEuropean Space Agency (ESA)
In 1999, the different concepts of the three main contributors of ESA (Germany, France and Italy) for Galileo were compared and reduced to one by a joint team of engineers from all three countries.
Galileo

Soyuz-2

Soyuz-2-1bSoyuz-2.1aSoyuz-2.1b
The BBC learned in 2011 that €500 million (£440M) would become available to make the extra purchase, taking Galileo within a few years from 18 operational satellites to 24. The first two Galileo In-Orbit Validation satellites were launched by Soyuz ST-B flown from Guiana Space Centre on 21 October 2011, and the remaining two on 12 October 2012.
The 2.1b/ST version is sometimes called Soyuz ST-B. The first launch, from Guiana, was a success (21 October 2011), for the first two Galileo IOV satellites.

BeiDou Navigation Satellite System

BeiDouBDSBeiDou-2
The system is intended primarily for civilian use, unlike the more military-oriented systems of the United States (GPS), Russia (GLONASS), and China (BeiDou-1/2).
When fully completed, BeiDou will provide an alternative global navigation satellite system to the United States owned Global Positioning System (GPS), the Russian GLONASS or European Galileo systems and is expected to be more accurate than these.

International Cospas-Sarsat Programme

COSPAS-SARSAT406 MHzCospar-Sarsat
Galileo is also to provide a new global search and rescue (SAR) function as part of the MEOSAR system.
MEOSAR consists of SARR transponders aboard the following navigation-satellite constellations: the European Union's Galileo, the Russian Federation's Glonass, Chinese Beidou (BDS) and the United States' Global Positioning System (GPS).

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that went live in 2016, created by the European Union (EU) through the European GNSS Agency (GSA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
The Galileo positioning system is another EU infrastructure project.

Wolfgang Tiefensee

Tiefensee, Wolfgang
German Transport Minister Wolfgang Tiefensee was particularly doubtful about the consortium's ability to end the infighting at a time when only one testbed satellite had been successfully launched.
In 2007, Tiefensee chaired talks following which EU transport ministers agreed unanimously to end talks with a private consortium contracted to develop the Galileo satellite navigation system and to spend €2.4 billion ($3.2 billion) to build it themselves instead.

Italian Space Agency

ASIISAItaly
The countries that contribute most to the Galileo Project are Germany and Italy.
ASI is a participant in many of ESA's programmes in the field of Earth Observation such as ERS-1, ERS-2, ENVISAT, the Meteosat series and the Galileo satellite navigation system.

Guiana Space Centre

KourouCentre Spatial GuyanaisCSG
The BBC learned in 2011 that €500 million (£440M) would become available to make the extra purchase, taking Galileo within a few years from 18 operational satellites to 24. The first two Galileo In-Orbit Validation satellites were launched by Soyuz ST-B flown from Guiana Space Centre on 21 October 2011, and the remaining two on 12 October 2012.
On October 21, 2011, two Galileo IOV-1 & IOV-2 satellites were launched using a Soyuz-ST rocket, in the "first Russian Soyuz vehicle ever launched from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana."

GPS Block IIIA

GPS IIIAmodernized GPSBlock III satellites
the wave of Block IIF satellites launched in 2009, and all subsequent GPS satellites, are stated not to support SA. As old satellites are replaced in the GPS Block IIIA program, SA will cease to be an option.
Enables greater civil interoperability with Galileo L1

GIOVE

GIOVE-A
The first Galileo test satellite, the GIOVE-A, was launched 28 December 2005, while the first satellite to be part of the operational system was launched on 21 October 2011.
GIOVE, or Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, is the name for two satellites built for the European Space Agency (ESA) to test technology in orbit for the Galileo positioning system.

Satellite navigation

navigation satelliteNavigationglobal navigation satellite system
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that went live in 2016, created by the European Union (EU) through the European GNSS Agency (GSA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
A satellite navigation system with global coverage may be termed a global navigation satellite system (GNSS)., the United States' Global Positioning System (GPS) and Russia's GLONASS are fully operational GNSSs, with China's BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and the European Union's Galileo scheduled to be fully operational by 2020.

Airbus

EADSAirbus GroupEuropean Aeronautic Defence and Space Company
As a result, Airbus plans to relocate work on the Ground Control Segment (GCS) from its Portsmouth premises to an EU state.
The Airbus Military division, which manufactured tanker, transport and mission aircraft; Eurocopter, the world's largest helicopter supplier; Astrium, provided systems for aerial, land, naval and civilian security applications including Ariane, Galileo and Cassidian.

GPS Block IIF

Block IIFGPS IIFGPS IIF SV-1
the wave of Block IIF satellites launched in 2009, and all subsequent GPS satellites, are stated not to support SA. As old satellites are replaced in the GPS Block IIIA program, SA will cease to be an option.
Galileo (satellite navigation)

Switzerland

Swiss🇨🇭SWI
On 18 December 2013, Switzerland signed a cooperation agreement to fully participate in the program, and retroactively contributed €80 million for the period 2008–2013.
The Swiss have also been under EU and sometimes international pressure to reduce banking secrecy and to raise tax rates to parity with the EU. Preparatory discussions are being opened in four new areas: opening up the electricity market, participation in the European GNSS project Galileo, cooperating with the European centre for disease prevention and recognising certificates of origin for food products.

Atomic clock

atomic clocksatomiccaesium clock
In January 2017, news agencies reported that six of the passive hydrogen masers and three of the rubidium atomic clocks had failed.
The Galileo Global Navigation Satellite System is operated by the European GNSS Agency and European Space Agency.

Sam Gyimah

Sam '''Gyimah
In December 2018, British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the UK would no longer seek to reclaim the investment, and Science Minister Sam Gyimah resigned over the matter.
He said the UK's weakness in the negotiations over the Galileo satellite navigation project was the final straw and he intended to vote against May's deal in the House of Commons on 11 December 2018, and suggested the public should have the right to a final say on the withdrawal agreement in an another referendum with the Article 50 process extended.

ECall

As of 2018, Galileo is found in every new vehicle sold in Europe, thus enabling the eCall emergency response system.
The concept of eCall was presented in 1999 by European civil servant Luc Tytgat, during the launch of the European Commission's Galileo project.

European Satellite Navigation Industries

This project, led by ESA and European Satellite Navigation Industries, has provided industry with fundamental knowledge to develop the mission segment of the Galileo positioning system.
The company was the primary construction company for the Galileo positioning system, tasked with developing and building the satellites and components for the ground segment infrastructure of this satellite navigation system.