Galla Placidia

PlacidiaAelia Galla PlacidiaEmpress Galla Placidiaempress dowagerGallaGalla Placidia Augustathe empress dowager
Aelia Galla Placidia (388 – 27 November 450), daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I, was regent to Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life.wikipedia
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List of Visigothic queens

queen of the Visigothsqueenqueen consort
She was queen consort to Ataulf, king of the Visigoths from 414 until his death in 415, and briefly empress consort to Constantius III in 421.
Aelia Galla Placidia, wife of Ataulf (414–15)

Visigothic Kingdom

VisigothsVisigothicKing
She was queen consort to Ataulf, king of the Visigoths from 414 until his death in 415, and briefly empress consort to Constantius III in 421.
For their part, the Visigoths under Alaric famously sacked Rome in 410, capturing Galla Placidia, the sister of Western Roman emperor Honorius.

Theodosius I

TheodosiusTheodosius the GreatTheodosian
Aelia Galla Placidia (388 – 27 November 450), daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I, was regent to Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life. Placidia was the daughter of Theodosius I and his second wife, Galla, who was herself daughter of Valentinian I and his second wife, Justina.
Theodosius and Galla had a son, Gratian, born in 388 and who died young, and a daughter, Aelia Galla Placidia (392–450).

Theodosian dynasty

TheodosianHouse of TheodosiusDidymus
Her scheduled marriage is mentioned in the text as the third union between Stilicho's family and the Theodosian dynasty, following those of Stilicho to Serena and Maria, their daughter, to Honorius.
Their daughter was Galla Placidia.

Athaulf

At(h)aulphus
She was queen consort to Ataulf, king of the Visigoths from 414 until his death in 415, and briefly empress consort to Constantius III in 421. Their ruler Ataulf, having succeeded Alaric, entered an alliance with Honorius against Jovinus and Sebastianus, rival Western Roman emperors located in Gaul.
Athaulf may have received some additional encouragement in the form of payments in gold from the Emperor Honorius—since Athaulf carried with him as a respected hostage the emperor's half-sister Galla Placidia, who had long been his captive.

Serena (Roman)

SerenaSERHNAthe niece
Placidia spent most of her early years in the household of Stilicho the Vandal and his wife, Serena.
A resident at the court of her cousin, Honorius, she selected a bride for the court poet, Claudian, and took care of Honorius' half-sister, her cousin Galla Placidia.

Ravenna

Ravenna, ItalySavio(RA)
After the heads of Sebastianus and Jovinus arrived at Honorius' court in Ravenna in late August, to be forwarded for display among other usurpers on the walls of Carthage, relations between Ataulf and Honorius improved sufficiently for Ataulf to cement them by marrying Galla Placidia at Narbonne on January 1, 414.
However, in 409, King Alaric I of the Visigoths simply bypassed Ravenna, and went on to sack Rome in 410 and to take Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius I, hostage.

Theodosius II

TheodosiusEmperor Theodosius IITheodosius II the Younger, the Calligrapher
In 408, Arcadius died and was succeeded by his son Theodosius II, only seven years old.
Honorius' sister Galla Placidia and her young son Valentinian fled to Constantinople to seek Eastern assistance and after some deliberation in 424 Theodosius opened the war against Joannes.

Constantius III

ConstantiusFlavius Constantius
She was queen consort to Ataulf, king of the Visigoths from 414 until his death in 415, and briefly empress consort to Constantius III in 421.
Soon after, the Visigoth king, Wallia, surrendered to Rome, agreeing to: return Galla Placidia, the sister of Honorius, who had been captured by Alaric c.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
Stilicho was the magister militum of the Western Roman Empire.
Honorius' death in 423 was followed by turmoil until the Eastern Roman government installed Valentinian III as Western Emperor in Ravenna by force of arms, with Galla Placidia acting as regent during her son's minority.

Vandals

VandalVandalicVandal Kingdom
Placidia spent most of her early years in the household of Stilicho the Vandal and his wife, Serena.
The death of Augustine shocked the Regent of the Western Roman Empire, Galla Placidia, who feared the consequences if her realm lost its most important source of grain.

Justa Grata Honoria

HonoriaGrata HonoriaHonorie
Their daughter Justa Grata Honoria was probably born in 417 or 418.
Honoria was the only daughter of later Emperor Constantius III and Galla Placidia.

Honorius (emperor)

HonoriusEmperor HonoriusFlavius Honorius
Placidia was a younger, paternal half-sister of emperors Arcadius and Honorius.
In 417, Constantius married Honorius's sister, Galla Placidia, much against her will.

Foederati

foedusfederatesfoederatus
In the disturbances that followed the fall of Stilicho, throughout the Italian Peninsula the wives and children of the foederati were slain.
Shortly afterwards, Aetius returned to Italy with a large force of Huns to find that power in the west was now in the hands of Valentinian III and his mother Galla Placidia.

Wallia

Seeing the noble widow's sufferings, however, became one of the factors that roused indignant opponents of the usurper, who quickly assassinated Sigeric and replaced him with Wallia, Ataulf's relative.
He also returned Honorius' sister Galla Placidia to him.

Galla (wife of Theodosius I)

GallaFlacillaFlavia Galla
Placidia was the daughter of Theodosius I and his second wife, Galla, who was herself daughter of Valentinian I and his second wife, Justina.
Aelia Galla Placidia, a daughter (392–27 November, 450), her only child to survive to adulthood and who later became an empress in her own right. She married Ataulf, king of the Visigoths, and, after his death, Constantius III;

Sack of Rome (410)

Sack of Romesacked Romesack Rome
Rome was under siege, with minor interruptions, from 408 to August 24, 410.
Galla Placidia, the sister of the emperor Honorius, was also trapped in the city and gave her consent to the Roman Senate to execute Serena.

Jovinus

Their ruler Ataulf, having succeeded Alaric, entered an alliance with Honorius against Jovinus and Sebastianus, rival Western Roman emperors located in Gaul.
Jovinus' end came after the Visigoths under Ataulf left Italy (at Priscus Attalus' advice), ostensibly to join him, carrying with them as hostages the ex-emperor Attalus and Galla Placidia, Honorius' half-sister.

Flavius Aetius

AetiusAëtiusEzio
Among their supporters was Flavius Aetius.
Shortly afterwards, Aetius returned to Italy with a large force of Huns to find that power in the west was now in the hands of Valentinian III and his mother Galla Placidia.

Antipope Eulalius

Eulalius
Two factions of the Roman clergy had proceeded to elect their own popes, the first electing Eulalius (December 27) and the other electing Boniface I (December 28).
Despite this reversal Eulalius' position appeared to be the stronger, for he had the support of the Empress Galla Placidia and her husband Constantius, because he had been elected first.

Licinia Eudoxia

EudociaEmpress Eudoxiadue
In 424, Valentinian was betrothed to Licinia Eudoxia, his first cousin once removed.
Gibbon attributes the betrothal to "the agreement of the three females who governed the Roman world", meaning Galla Placidia, her niece Pulcheria, and Pulcheria's sister-in-law Eudocia.

Alaric I

AlaricAlaric I king of the VisigothsAlaric the Great
The natural consequence of all this was that these men, to the number of 30,000, flocked to the camp of Alaric I, King of the Visigoths, clamouring to be led against their cowardly enemies.
Alaric was succeeded in the command of the Gothic army by his brother-in-law, Ataulf, who married Honorius' sister Galla Placidia three years later.

Sigeric

The Amali faction proceeded to proclaim Sigeric, a brother of Sarus, as the next king of the Visigoths.
As for Ataulf's widow, Galla Placidia, daughter of Roman Emperor Theodosius, she was "treated with cruel and wanton insult" by being forced to walk more than twelve miles on foot among the crowd of captives driven ahead of the mounted Sigeric.

Bonifacius

Count BonifaceBonifatiusBoniface
Among her early supporters was Bonifacius, governor of the Diocese of Africa.
An ally of Galla Placidia (regent of Valentinian III), Bonifacius engaged in Roman civil wars on her behalf against the generals Flavius Felix in 427-429 and Flavius Aetius in 432.

Pope Boniface I

Boniface IBoniface I, Pope of RomeI
Two factions of the Roman clergy had proceeded to elect their own popes, the first electing Eulalius (December 27) and the other electing Boniface I (December 28).
Both the Empress Galla Placidia and her husband Constantius III favored Eulalius, who had been elected first.