A report on Ganges and Ganga (goddess)

19th century Kalighat painting of goddess Ganga
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
A statue of Ganga, 17th - 18th century CE
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Pilgrims at Haridwar on the occasion of Ganga Dussehra.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

Ganga (गङ्गा or गंगा) is the personification of the river Ganges who is worshipped by Hindus as the goddess of purification and forgiveness.

- Ganga (goddess)

It is worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism.

- Ganges

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Bhishma

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Integral role in Mahabharata.

Integral role in Mahabharata.

Shantanu stops Ganga from drowning their eighth child, who later was known as Bhishma. Painting by Raja Ravi Varma
Ganga handling her son Devavrata to his father. Print by BP Banerjee.
Devavrata taking his oath, painting by Raja Ravi Varma
Bhishma abducting the princesses of Kashi from the assemblage of suitors at their Swayamvara
The sage Narada and the gods stop Bhishma's battle with Parashurama
Yudhishthira with Bhishma, from the Razm-Namah, by Fattu, 1598
Bhishma telling the secret of his death to the Pandavas
An enraged Krishna attacks Bhishma, while Arjuna tries to calm him down
Bhishma on the bed of arrows
Bhishma on bed of arrows depicted in Angkor Wat

He was born as the elder son of the illustrious King Shantanu and Ganga.

According to the legend, Shantanu, the youngest son of the king Pratipa and the king of Kuru kingdom, was on a hunting trip, when he saw a beautiful woman on the banks of the river Ganga.

Shantanu meets a beautiful woman, who turns out to be the goddess Ganga.

Shantanu

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Character in the Mahabharata, described as the ruler of the Kuru Kingdom with his capital at Hastinapura.

Character in the Mahabharata, described as the ruler of the Kuru Kingdom with his capital at Hastinapura.

Shantanu meets a beautiful woman, who turns out to be the goddess Ganga.
Shantanu meets a beautiful woman, who turns out to be the goddess Ganga.
Shantanu stops Ganga from drowning their eighth child, who later was known as Bhishma.
Ganga presents her son Devavrata (the future Bhishma) to his father, Shantanu
Shantanu and Satyavati, painting by Raja Ravi Varma.

Once he got an opportunity to visit the court of Brahma where all the Devas and the Ganga were also present.

Shantanu saw a beautiful woman on the banks of the river Ganga and asked her to marry him.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.

Haridwar

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City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Haridwar Railway station

The city is situated on the right bank of the Ganges river, at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges.

According to legend, it was in Haridwar that Goddess Ganga descended when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from the locks of his hair.

Descent of Ganga to Earth

Bhagiratha

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Descent of Ganga to Earth
Bhagiratha beneath the main spout of Sundhara, Kathmandu, Nepal
Bhagiratha on a jarun of Nag Pokhari, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha beneath the stone spout of Lamugah Hiti, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha on a jarun at Taumadhi Square, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha beneath a gargoyle at the Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur, India
Shiva Gangadhara, Parvati, Bhagiratha (left) at the Ravana Phadi Cave, Aihole, India
Bhageeratha statue in Hyderabad, India

Bhagiratha (Sanskrit: भगीरथ, Bhagīratha) is a legendary king of the Ikshvaku dynasty who brings the Sacred River Ganges, personified as the Hindu River Goddess Ganga, to Earth, from the Heavens.

Gangotri

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Town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Bhagirathi River and Himalayas in Gangotri, Uttarakhand
Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri
Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata.<ref>Brahma Kamal</ref>

It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi – the origin of the river Ganges.

The town is located on the Greater Himalayan Range, at a height of 3100 m. According to popular Hindu legend, Goddess Ganga descended here when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from the locks of his hair.