A report on Ganges and Ganges Canal

The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges river in Hardwar and its confluence with the Jumna river below Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Photograph of an old bridge on the Ganges Canal (constructed before 1854 during East India Company rule in India). The photograph was taken from a moving car.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Photograph (1860) of the head works of the Ganges Canal in Haridwar, by Samuel Bourne.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Photograph (2008) of the head works of the Ganges Canal in Haridwar, taken from the opposite side.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Watercolor (1863) titled, "The Ganges Canal, Roorkee, Saharanpur District (U.P.)." The canal was the brainchild of Sir Proby Cautley; construction began in 1840, and the canal was opened by Governor-General Lord Dalhousie in April 1854.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Photograph (2008) of an East India Company-era (1854) bridge on the Ganges Canal near Roorkee
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
The Ganges Canal.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The same East India Company bridge as in the lead paragraph photographed from the other side.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
A water mill on the canal.
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
150-year-old locks on the canal.
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

The Ganges Canal or Ganga Canal is a canal system that irrigates the Doab region between the Ganges River and the Yamuna River in India.

- Ganges Canal

At Haridwar, a dam diverts some of its waters into the Ganges Canal, which irrigates the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, whereas the river, whose course has been roughly southwest until this point, now begins to flow southeast through the plains of northern India.

- Ganges

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Overall

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.

Haridwar

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City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Haridwar Railway station

The city is situated on the right bank of the Ganges river, at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges.

Though this caused severe deterioration to the Ganges water flow, and is a major cause for the decay of the Ganges as an inland waterway, which till the 18th century was used heavily by the ships of the East India Company, and a town as high up as Tehri, was considered a port city The headworks of the Ganges Canal system is located in Haridwar.

Portrait of Proby Cautley, Engineer and Paleontologist.

Proby Cautley

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Portrait of Proby Cautley, Engineer and Paleontologist.

Sir Proby Thomas Cautley, KCB (3 January 1802 – 25 January 1871), English engineer and palaeontologist, born in Stratford St Mary, Suffolk, is best known for conceiving and supervising the construction of the Ganges canal during East India Company rule in India.

The canal stretches some 350 miles between its headworks at Haridwar and, after bifurcation near Aligarh, its confluences with the Ganges river mainstem in Kanpur and the Yamuna river in Etawah.