A report on Ganges and Gharial

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Young gharial in the breeding center at Kukrail Reserve Forest
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Gharials in the Gharial Conservation and Breeding Center at Chitwan National Park
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Gharial in a Florida zoo
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A miniature illustration of the Baburnama showing a gharial, ca. 1598, National Museum, New Delhi
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

The river is home to approximately 140 species of fish, 90 species of amphibians, and also reptiles and mammals, including critically endangered species such as the gharial and South Asian river dolphin.

- Ganges

The gharial once thrived in all the major river systems of the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Indus River in Pakistan, the Ganges in India, the Brahmaputra River in northeastern India and Bangladesh to the Irrawaddy River in Myanmar.

- Gharial

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Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Source of Karnali River
Ghaghara River in Faizabad is also known as Sarayu river
Lake Manasarovar in Tibet near the source of the Karnali River
Ghaghra river in Sitapur
Karnali River in Humla, Nepal
Karnali River in Nepal
Fish from Karnali River on sale in a shop at Chisapani, Kailali, Nepal
Gangetic dolphin
Cable-stayed bridge over the Karnali River in Chisapani, western Nepal

Together they form the Ghaghara River, a major left bank tributary of the Ganges.

The Karnali supports the endangered mugger crocodile, the gharial, a few remaining South Asian river dolphins and the golden mahseer.


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Banderpoonch peak, the source of Yamuna, as seen from Mussoorie.
The Yamunotri temple on the river, dedicated to Goddess Yamuna.
The Doab, United Provinces, 1908.
Yamuna river between Saharanpur and Yamunanagar
Course of Yamuna, in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
Catchment boundary of the Yamuna.
Vasudev carrying baby Lord Krishna across the Yamuna, an important legend of Bhagavata Purana, mid-18th century.
Agra Canal headworks at Okhla barrage, Delhi, 1871.
The goddess Yamuna.
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of river Yamuna.
The Yamuna near the Himalayas, just as it reaches the plains, beyond Dehradun in Uttarakhand
The Yamuna, seen from the Taj Mahal at Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Madan Mohan temple, on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, 1789; the river has since shifted further away
'Keshi Ghat' on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, just a few kilometres before it meets the Ganges
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, during the monsoon
View of Yamuna from Okhla Sanctuary
View of Yamuna from Kesi Ghata
The Yamuna view from Hathni Kund Barrage

The Yamuna (Hindustani: ), also spelt Jamuna, is the second-largest tributary river of the Ganges by discharge and the longest tributary in India.

They have been implicated in the decline of the Ghariyal (Indian crocodile) population in the river.

Mugger crocodile

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Medium-sized broad-snouted crocodile, also known as mugger and marsh crocodile.

Medium-sized broad-snouted crocodile, also known as mugger and marsh crocodile.

Makara on a beam from the Bharhut Stupa, now in the Indian Museum, Kolkata

It is sympatric with the gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) in the Rapti and Narayani Rivers, in the eastern Mahanadi, and in tributaries of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers.