A report on Ganges and Godavari River

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Godavari river basin.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Godavari River delta extending into the Bay of Bengal (upper river in image).
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Bhadrachalam Temple during 2005 floods
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Road Bridge over Godavari River at Bhadrachalam
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Gautami personified with Gautama.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Godavari Statue at Gangadwar, worshiped as origin of Godavari, Triambak
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Goddess Godavari
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Sculpture depicting govu vatsa and gowthama legend about birth of Godavari River
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Trimbakeshwar
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Kaleshwara Mukteswara Swamy Temple
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Antarvedi temple
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Sunset view of Godavari River and bridge from Rajahmundry
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Scenic View of Araku Valley in Andhra Pradesh
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
Havelock Bridge on the left and Godavari Arch Bridge on the right
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Upper Indiravati power house
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Generalized Geological Map of Godavari Drainage Basin
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Dried up Godavari exposing flood basalt river bed as seen from the back of Changdev temple in Puntamba
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
A colonial Map of Yanam showing then course of Godavery river.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

The Godavari (IAST: Godāvarī [ɡod̪aːʋəɾiː]) is India's second longest river after the Ganga river and drains into the third largest basin in India, covering about 10% of India's total geographical area.

- Godavari River

The Godavari River of Maharashtra in Western India is called the Ganges of the South or the 'Dakshin Ganga'; the Godavari is the Ganges that was led by the sage Gautama to flow through Central India.

- Ganges

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Overall

Map of Bay of Bengal

Bay of Bengal

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Northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and northwest by India, on the north by Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India.

Northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and northwest by India, on the north by Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India.

Map of Bay of Bengal
Ross Island, in the Andamans, was one of the main naval bases of India during World War II
The Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the shore of the Bay of Bengal.
Image of United States ships participating in the Malabar 2007 naval exercise. Aegis cruisers from the navies of Japan and Australia, and logistical support ships from Singapore and India in the Bay of Bengal took part.
Samudra arati or worship of the sea by disciples of the Govardhan Matha at Puri
The Sunderbans bordering the Bay of Bengal is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.
Cox's Bazar, the longest stretch of beach in the world.
Havelock Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
The city of Visakhapatnam in India is a major port of the Bay of Bengal.
Bay of Bengal near Tenneti Park, Visakhapatnam.
A spinner dolphin in Bay of Bengal
Tachypleus gigas in Odisha
Some small fishing boats are catching fish & sell them in local coastal markets.
Cyclone Sidr at its peak near Bangladesh

A number of large rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal: the Ganges–Hooghly, the Padma, the Brahmaputra–Yamuna, the Barak–Surma–Meghna, the Irrawaddy, the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Brahmani, the Baitarani, the Krishna and the Kaveri.

India

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India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), – "Official name: Republic of India.";

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), – "Official name: Republic of India.";

An illustration from an early-modern manuscript of the Sanskrit epic Ramayana, composed in story-telling fashion c. undefined.
Cave 26 of the rock-cut Ajanta Caves
India has the majority of the world's wild tigers, approximately 3,000 in 2019.
A Chital (Axis axis) stag attempts to browse in the Nagarhole National Park in a region covered by a moderately dense forest.
The last three Asiatic cheetahs (on record) in India were shot dead in Surguja district, Madhya Pradesh, Central India by Maharajah Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo. The young males, all from the same litter, were sitting together when they were shot at night in 1948.
Children awaiting school lunch in Rayka (also Raika), a village in rural Gujarat. The salutation Jai Bhim written on the blackboard honours the jurist, social reformer, and Dalit leader B. R. Ambedkar.
Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar about to score a record 14,000 runs in test cricket while playing against Australia in Bangalore, 2010.
Bhutesvara Yakshis, Buddhist reliefs from Mathura, {{CE|2nd century}}
Gupta terracotta relief, Krishna Killing the Horse Demon Keshi, 5th century
thumb|Elephanta Caves, triple-bust (trimurti) of Shiva, {{convert|18|ft|m}} tall, {{circa|550}}
Chola bronze of Shiva as Nataraja ("Lord of Dance"), Tamil Nadu, 10th or 11th century.
Jahangir Receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer on His Return from the Mewar Campaign, Balchand, {{circa|1635}}
Krishna Fluting to the Milkmaids, Kangra painting, 1775–1785

Major Himalayan-origin rivers that substantially flow through India include the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, both of which drain into the Bay of Bengal.

Major peninsular rivers, whose steeper gradients prevent their waters from flooding, include the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Kaveri, and the Krishna, which also drain into the Bay of Bengal; and the Narmada and the Tapti, which drain into the Arabian Sea.

Carved statue in the medieval city of Sirpur

Chhattisgarh

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Landlocked state in Central India.

Landlocked state in Central India.

Carved statue in the medieval city of Sirpur
6th 7th century Bhima Kichak Temple, Malhar Chhattisgarh India - 7
Mantralaya in Naya (New) Raipur
The Mahanadi River, in Chhattisgarh
Achankmar Tiger
Sal- The State Tree of Chhattisgarh
https://daac.ornl.gov/VEGETATION/guides/Decadal_LULC_India.html
Bilaspur Junction Railway Station
Raipur Railway Station Entrance
Swami Vivekananda Airport, Raipur
Districts of Chhattisgarh state in 2020
GEVRA DUMPERS
NTPC Korba Power Plant - panoramio
Amritdhara chirimiri
RID2433a
School children in Chhattisgarh
Tendu Patta (Leaf) collection in Chhattisgarh, India.
Social Mission Against Blind Faith
Danteshwari Temple is one of the Shakti peethas
A carving in the 10th- or 11th-century Hindu temple of Malhar village. This area, 40 km from Bilaspur, was supposedly a major Buddhist centre in ancient times.
Pandwani
Raut Nacha
Suwa Nacha at Khudmudi Village, Chhattisgarh
Natya Samaroh by IPTA
Red Velvet Mite is used as medicine in traditional healing in Chhattisgarh
Chloroxylon is used for pest management in organic rice cultivation in Chhattisgarh
Medicinal rice of Chhattisgarh used as an immune booster
Aloe vera farming in Chhattisgarh
Herbal farming in Chhattisgarh: Gulbakawali
Herbal farming in Chhattisgarh: Safed Musli with Arhar
Kodo Millet is used as a life saving medicine in Chhattisgarh
Bastar beer prepared from Sulfi
Mineral deposits in the Maikal Hills
Mineral Wealth from Chandidongri

The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area.

The southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary, the Indravati River.

Haridwar Kumbh Mela in 2010

Kumbh Mela

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Major pilgrimage and festival in Hinduism.

Major pilgrimage and festival in Hinduism.

Haridwar Kumbh Mela in 2010
Prayagraj Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013
A 2019 stamp dedicated to Kumbh Mela
Prayagraj Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013
A pot (Kumbh) containing Amrita was one of the creative product of the Samudra manthan legend in ancient Hindu texts.
Large crowds at the Ganga (Ganges) on a major bathing day in the 2019 Kumbh Mela
The first page of Prayag Snana Vidhi manuscript (Sanskrit, Devanagari script). It describes methods to complete a bathing pilgrimage at Prayag. The manuscript (1674 CE) has a colophon, which states "Copied by Sarvottama, son of Vishvanatha Bhatta, Samvat 1752".
Hindu pilgrims heading to the Kumbh Mela site
The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Haridwar Kumbh Mela by the English painter J. M. W. Turner. Steel engraving, c. 1850s.
A cultural program pandal at Prayag Kumbh Mela (2019)
Kumbh Mela – a dip in the waters is one of the key rituals.
Cooking at Kumbh Mela in 2019.
Triveni Sangam during Allahabad Kumbh Mela, c. 2013.
Kumbh Mela at Haridwar.
Nashik Pilgrims gather for the Shahi Snan (royal bath) in Ramkund in Dakshin Ganga River, c. 1991.
Naga sadhu at a Kumbh procession (1998).
Water dip at the Kumbh festival
A cultural event at a Kumbh Mela pandal
A sadhu at Maha Kumbh, 2013.

It is celebrated in a cycle of approximately 12 years, to celebrate every revolution Brihaspati (Jupiter) completes, at four river-bank pilgrimage sites: Allahabad (Ganges-Yamuna-Sarasvati rivers confluence), Haridwar (Ganges), Nashik (Godavari), and Ujjain (Shipra).

Saraswati by Raja Ravi Varma

Saraswati

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Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, speech, wisdom, and learning.

Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, speech, wisdom, and learning.

Saraswati by Raja Ravi Varma
Images of the goddess Saraswati may be found not only in the temples of India, but also in those of Southeast Asia, the islands of Indonesia, China and Japan. In Japan, she is known as Benzaiten (shown), and is traditionally depicted playing a biwa, in keeping with her status as a deity of music, knowledge and all that flows.
Dancing Sarasvati with eight-hands (above) is depicted in three panels of the Hoysaleswara temple, Halebid Karnataka (c. 1150 CE). One of these is shown above. She is in a classical Indian dance posture, and in one of her eight hands she holds a pen, a palm leaf manuscript, a musical instrument and the tools of major arts. The shilpins thus depicted her as the goddess of knowledge and all arts.
A carved idol of the crowned goddess Sharada from late-9th century Kashmir.
Saraswati Puja at Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, Kolkata, West Bengal
Saraswathi Devi idol at home.
Statues of Chinese Buddhist gods, with Saraswati in the centre, at Jade Buddha Temple in Shanghai, China
Statue of Thurathadi at Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon)
Saraswati in an 18th-century C.E. Tibetan artwork, holding a stick zither.

In Vedic literature, Saraswati acquires the same significance for early Indians (states John Muir) as that accredited to the river Ganges by their modern descendants.

Some notable temples include the Gnana Saraswati Temple in Basar on the banks of the River Godavari, the Wargal Saraswati and Shri Saraswati Kshetramu temples in Medak, Telangana.