A report on Ganges and Hajipur

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Gandak River
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Lord Vishnu with Gaja and Graah
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Jami Masjid
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Vishwa Shanti Stupa
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Hajipur Junction
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

It has been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals such as Pataliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Munger, Kashi, Patna, Hajipur, Delhi, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Kampilya, and Kolkata located on its banks or the banks of tributaries and connected waterways.

- Ganges

Hajipur lies on the north bank of the Ganga while Patna lies on the south, the Gandhi Setu bridge connects both cities.

- Hajipur

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Panorama of the Kali Gandaki gorge in Upper Mustang

Gandaki River

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Panorama of the Kali Gandaki gorge in Upper Mustang
Kali Gandaki river north of Kagbeni
In Nepal, the river quickly crosses different climate zones
Gandaki River flows through a pine forest 25 km downstream from the place above
River Gandaki in Kagbeni Nepal
Kali Gandaki River near Ghasa, between Annapurna and Dhaulagiri
Gandaki river that divides Syangja District and Palpa District in Ramghat
Muktinath Vaishnava temple idols, Nepal
October 1966- Gandaki Valley, near Jomosom Nepal, with Tibetan Refugees. Note the head straps for carrying heavy loads. Most Tibetan refugees pass through Nepal to India where The 14th Dalai Lama resides.

The Gandaki River, also known as the Narayani and the Gandak, is one of the major rivers in Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India.

It joins the Ganges near Patna just downstream of Hajipur at Sonpur (also known as Harihar Kshetra).


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State in eastern India.

State in eastern India.

(Sitting L to R): Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi's 1917 Champaran Satyagraha
Kathak classical dance form, from Bhojpur region
Patna river port on national inland waterways-1 at Gai Ghat
Front view of administrative building of IIT Patna
NIT Patna main building

The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east.

Hajipur, Dalmianagar and Barauni are the major industrial cities in Bihar The capital city, Patna, is one of the better-off cities in India when measured by per capita income.

Statue of Matrikas found near Agam Kuan, built by Ashoka.


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Patna (

Patna (

Statue of Matrikas found near Agam Kuan, built by Ashoka.
Main street of Patna, showing one side of the Chowk, 1814–15.
City of Patna, on the River Ganges, 19th-century painting.
Map of Patna district
Monsoon clouds over Priyadarshi Nagar, a part of Kankarbagh- residential area in Eastern Patna.
Maurya Lok is one of the oldest and major shopping area of the city
The Mahavir Mandir is a famous temple in Patna.
Bhootnath Road TV Tower broadcasts programming to Patna
Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, Patna
Patna Junction Railway Station, Patna
Magahi folk singers
Gandhi Maidan (shown above) lies in the heart of Patna and is the site for most political and social functions in the city.
Golghar was originally built to serve as a granary for the British East India company army during the famine of 1786. It now features an observation deck overlooking the Ganges and the city.
Sabhyata Dwar in Patna
Indian Institute of Technology Patna at Bihta, one of the premier institutes of engineering and research in India.
Patna College, established 1863, is considered to be the oldest institution of higher education in Bihar.
Moin-Ul-Haque Stadium near Rajendra Nagar, used for cricket and association football.
Pataliputra as a capital of the Magadha Empire.
Pataliputra as a capital of Maurya Empire. The Maurya Empire at its largest extent under Ashoka the Great.
Pataliputra as a capital of Shunga Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Shunga Empire (c. 185 BCE).
Pataliputra as a capital of Gupta Empire. Approximate greatest extent of the Gupta Empire.
Street in Patna, 1825 (British, active in India)
Golghar at Bankipore, near Patna, 1814–15
State Bank of India- Patna Regional office at East Gandhi Maidan Marg
Reserve Bank of India's regional office at South Gandhi Maidan Marg, Patna
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
People Celebrating Chhath Festival the 2nd Day at Morning a tribute to the rising holy God Sun
A game of cricket in progress
Kankarbagh Indoor Stadium at Patliputra Sports Complex during Pro Kabaddi League match

The modern city of Patna is mainly on the southern bank of the river Ganges.

Asia's longest river bridge, the Mahatma Gandhi Setu (built 1982), is in Patna and connects the city to Hajipur across the Ganga.