A report on GangesVaranasi and Haridwar

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Banarasi sari
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Alamgiri Mosque
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Banaras railway station at night
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Ring Road Phase I
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Ganges from Space
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
Haridwar Railway station
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
The Ganges at Sultanganj.
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

Varanasi is a city on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

- Varanasi

The city is situated on the right bank of the Ganges river, at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges.

- Haridwar

It has been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals such as Pataliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Munger, Kashi, Patna, Hajipur, Delhi, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Kampilya, and Kolkata located on its banks or the banks of tributaries and connected waterways.

- Ganges

After flowing for 256.90 km through its narrow Himalayan valley, the Ganges emerges from the mountains at Rishikesh, then debouches onto the Gangetic Plain at the pilgrimage town of Haridwar.

- Ganges

Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kasi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwaraka are the seven holy places.

- Haridwar

It is regarded as one of seven holy cities (Sapta Puri) which can provide Moksha; Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kashi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvārakā are the seven cities known as the givers of liberation.

- Varanasi

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David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim

Pilgrimage

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Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim
Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar
Tibetans on a pilgrimage to Lhasa, doing full-body prostrations, often for the entire length of the journey
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, Israel according to tradition is the site where Jesus was crucified and resurrected
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima is one of the largest pilgrimage sites (Marian shrine) in the world.
Kumbh Mela
Muslim pilgrims circumambulate the black cube of the Kaaba in the Al-Haram Mosque
Arba'een pilgrims in Mehran
Jews at the Western Wall in Jerusalem during the Ottoman period, 1867
Sikh pilgrim at the Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple) in Amritsar, India.
Baishatun Pilgrimage: Mazu and her palanquin
The Yazd Atash Behram in Iran is an Atash Bahram, the highest grade of fire temple in Zoroastrianism

Kumbh_Mela_2013_Sangam,_Allahabd.jpg during Prayag Kumbh Mela]]Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela is one of the largest gatherings of humans in the world where pilgrims gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river. The location is rotated among Allahabad, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain.

Kanwar Pilgrimage: The Kanwar is India's largest annual religious pilgrimage. As part of this phenomenon, millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga (usually in Haridwar, Gangotri, Gaumukh, or Sultanganj) and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.

Old Holy cities per Puranic Texts: Varanasi also known as Kashi (Shiva), Allahabad also known as Prayag, Haridwar-Rishikesh (Vishnu), Mathura-Vrindavan (Krishna), Pandharpur (Krishna), Paithan, Kanchipuram (Parvati), Dwarka (Krishna) and Ayodhya (Rama).