A report on GangesHinduism and Varanasi

A Balinese Hindu family after puja at Bratan temple in Bali, Indonesia
Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Om, a stylized letter of Devanagari script, used as a religious symbol in Hinduism
Banarasi sari
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Swami Vivekananda was a key figure in introducing Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and the United States, raising interfaith awareness and making Hinduism a world religion.
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Ganesha is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
The Hare Krishna group at the Esplanadi Park in Helsinki, Finland
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The festival of lights, Diwali, is celebrated by Hindus all over the world.
Alamgiri Mosque
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Hindus in Ghana celebrating Ganesh Chaturti
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Holi celebrated at the Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple in Utah, United States.
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Kedar Ghat, a bathing place for pilgrims on the Ganges at Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Priests performing Kalyanam (marriage) of the holy deities at Bhadrachalam Temple, in Telangana. It is one of the temples in India, where Kalyanam is done everyday throughout the year.
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
A statue of Shiva in yogic meditation.
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Basic Hindu symbols: Shatkona, Padma, and Swastika.
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Kauai Hindu monastery in Kauai Island in Hawaii is the only Hindu Monastery in the North American continent.
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
A sadhu in Madurai, India.
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
The Hindu Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram was built by Narasimhavarman II.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
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Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Banaras railway station at night
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Ring Road Phase I
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
Ganges from Space
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
The Ganges at Sultanganj.
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

Varanasi is a city on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

- Varanasi

It has been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals such as Pataliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Munger, Kashi, Patna, Hajipur, Delhi, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Kampilya, and Kolkata located on its banks or the banks of tributaries and connected waterways.

- Ganges

It is worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism.

- Ganges

In these texts, Varanasi (Benares, Kashi), Rameshwaram, Kanchipuram, Dwarka, Puri, Haridwar, Sri Rangam, Vrindavan, Ayodhya, Tirupati, Mayapur, Nathdwara, twelve Jyotirlinga and Shakti Peetha have been mentioned as particularly holy sites, along with geographies where major rivers meet (sangam) or join the sea.

- Hinduism

This pilgrimage rotates at a gap of three years among four sites: Prayag Raj at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, Haridwar near source of the Ganges, Ujjain on the Shipra river and Nasik on the bank of the Godavari river.

- Hinduism

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Allahabad

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Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Allahabad Fort, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1575 on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Tomb of Nithar Begum (daughter of Mughal Emperor Jahangir) at Khusro Bagh.
Mahatma Gandhi at a January 1940 Congress Working Committee meeting with Vallabhbhai Patel and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit at Anand Bhavan in Allahabad
Allahabad University, established in 1887, is one of the oldest modern universities in the Indian subcontinent.
Pilgrims at the Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers in Allahabad.
The Yamuna in Allahabad during the rainy season
A typical Indian peacock, found in Allahabad on a large scale
The Allahabad High Court is India's fourth-oldest high court
New Yamuna Bridge in Allahabad
MLN Medical College, the Government Medical College in Allahabad
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, a public engineering and management school
Anand Bhavan, owned by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru
A procession of pilgrims cross the Ganges during the 2001 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad

Allahabad lies close to Triveni Sangam, the "three-river confluence" of the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers.

Alam, who was abandoned by Shuja after the defeats, surrendered to the English and was lodged at the fort, as they captured Allahabad, Benares and Chunar in his name.

According to provisional results of the 2011 national census, Hinduism is majority religion in Allahabad city with 76.03% followers.

David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim

Pilgrimage

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Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim
Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar
Tibetans on a pilgrimage to Lhasa, doing full-body prostrations, often for the entire length of the journey
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, Israel according to tradition is the site where Jesus was crucified and resurrected
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima is one of the largest pilgrimage sites (Marian shrine) in the world.
Kumbh Mela
Muslim pilgrims circumambulate the black cube of the Kaaba in the Al-Haram Mosque
Arba'een pilgrims in Mehran
Jews at the Western Wall in Jerusalem during the Ottoman period, 1867
Sikh pilgrim at the Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple) in Amritsar, India.
Baishatun Pilgrimage: Mazu and her palanquin
The Yazd Atash Behram in Iran is an Atash Bahram, the highest grade of fire temple in Zoroastrianism

According to Karel Werner's Popular Dictionary of Hinduism, "most Hindu places of pilgrimage are associated with legendary events from the lives of various gods.... Almost any place can become a focus for pilgrimage, but in most cases they are sacred cities, rivers, lakes, and mountains."

Kanwar Pilgrimage: The Kanwar is India's largest annual religious pilgrimage. As part of this phenomenon, millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga (usually in Haridwar, Gangotri, Gaumukh, or Sultanganj) and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.

Old Holy cities per Puranic Texts: Varanasi also known as Kashi (Shiva), Allahabad also known as Prayag, Haridwar-Rishikesh (Vishnu), Mathura-Vrindavan (Krishna), Pandharpur (Krishna), Paithan, Kanchipuram (Parvati), Dwarka (Krishna) and Ayodhya (Rama).