A report on Ganges and Kumbh Mela

Haridwar Kumbh Mela in 2010
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Prayagraj Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
A 2019 stamp dedicated to Kumbh Mela
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Prayagraj Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A pot (Kumbh) containing Amrita was one of the creative product of the Samudra manthan legend in ancient Hindu texts.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Large crowds at the Ganga (Ganges) on a major bathing day in the 2019 Kumbh Mela
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
The first page of Prayag Snana Vidhi manuscript (Sanskrit, Devanagari script). It describes methods to complete a bathing pilgrimage at Prayag. The manuscript (1674 CE) has a colophon, which states "Copied by Sarvottama, son of Vishvanatha Bhatta, Samvat 1752".
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Hindu pilgrims heading to the Kumbh Mela site
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Haridwar Kumbh Mela by the English painter J. M. W. Turner. Steel engraving, c. 1850s.
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
A cultural program pandal at Prayag Kumbh Mela (2019)
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Kumbh Mela – a dip in the waters is one of the key rituals.
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Cooking at Kumbh Mela in 2019.
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Triveni Sangam during Allahabad Kumbh Mela, c. 2013.
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Kumbh Mela at Haridwar.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
Nashik Pilgrims gather for the Shahi Snan (royal bath) in Ramkund in Dakshin Ganga River, c. 1991.
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Naga sadhu at a Kumbh procession (1998).
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Water dip at the Kumbh festival
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A cultural event at a Kumbh Mela pandal
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
A sadhu at Maha Kumbh, 2013.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

It is celebrated in a cycle of approximately 12 years, to celebrate every revolution Brihaspati (Jupiter) completes, at four river-bank pilgrimage sites: Allahabad (Ganges-Yamuna-Sarasvati rivers confluence), Haridwar (Ganges), Nashik (Godavari), and Ujjain (Shipra).

- Kumbh Mela

This is despite the fact that quarrying has been banned in Kumbh Mela area zone covering 140 km2 area in Haridwar.

- Ganges

6 related topics with Alpha

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A Balinese Hindu family after puja at Bratan temple in Bali, Indonesia

Hinduism

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Variously defined as an Indian religion, a set of religious beliefs or practices, a religious tradition, a way of life, or dharma—a religious and universal order by which followers abide.

Variously defined as an Indian religion, a set of religious beliefs or practices, a religious tradition, a way of life, or dharma—a religious and universal order by which followers abide.

A Balinese Hindu family after puja at Bratan temple in Bali, Indonesia
Om, a stylized letter of Devanagari script, used as a religious symbol in Hinduism
Swami Vivekananda was a key figure in introducing Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and the United States, raising interfaith awareness and making Hinduism a world religion.
Ganesha is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.
The Hare Krishna group at the Esplanadi Park in Helsinki, Finland
The festival of lights, Diwali, is celebrated by Hindus all over the world.
Hindus in Ghana celebrating Ganesh Chaturti
Holi celebrated at the Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple in Utah, United States.
Kedar Ghat, a bathing place for pilgrims on the Ganges at Varanasi
Priests performing Kalyanam (marriage) of the holy deities at Bhadrachalam Temple, in Telangana. It is one of the temples in India, where Kalyanam is done everyday throughout the year.
A statue of Shiva in yogic meditation.
Basic Hindu symbols: Shatkona, Padma, and Swastika.
Kauai Hindu monastery in Kauai Island in Hawaii is the only Hindu Monastery in the North American continent.
A sadhu in Madurai, India.
The Hindu Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram was built by Narasimhavarman II.
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Kumbhamela is another major pilgrimage on the eve of the solar festival Makar Sankranti.

This pilgrimage rotates at a gap of three years among four sites: Prayag Raj at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, Haridwar near source of the Ganges, Ujjain on the Shipra river and Nasik on the bank of the Godavari river.

David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim

Pilgrimage

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Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

Journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience.

David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Pilgrim
Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar
Tibetans on a pilgrimage to Lhasa, doing full-body prostrations, often for the entire length of the journey
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, Israel according to tradition is the site where Jesus was crucified and resurrected
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima is one of the largest pilgrimage sites (Marian shrine) in the world.
Kumbh Mela
Muslim pilgrims circumambulate the black cube of the Kaaba in the Al-Haram Mosque
Arba'een pilgrims in Mehran
Jews at the Western Wall in Jerusalem during the Ottoman period, 1867
Sikh pilgrim at the Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple) in Amritsar, India.
Baishatun Pilgrimage: Mazu and her palanquin
The Yazd Atash Behram in Iran is an Atash Bahram, the highest grade of fire temple in Zoroastrianism

Kumbh_Mela_2013_Sangam,_Allahabd.jpg during Prayag Kumbh Mela]]Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela is one of the largest gatherings of humans in the world where pilgrims gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river. The location is rotated among Allahabad, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain.

Kanwar Pilgrimage: The Kanwar is India's largest annual religious pilgrimage. As part of this phenomenon, millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga (usually in Haridwar, Gangotri, Gaumukh, or Sultanganj) and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.

Yamuna

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Banderpoonch peak, the source of Yamuna, as seen from Mussoorie.
The Yamunotri temple on the river, dedicated to Goddess Yamuna.
The Doab, United Provinces, 1908.
Yamuna river between Saharanpur and Yamunanagar
Course of Yamuna, in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
Catchment boundary of the Yamuna.
Vasudev carrying baby Lord Krishna across the Yamuna, an important legend of Bhagavata Purana, mid-18th century.
Agra Canal headworks at Okhla barrage, Delhi, 1871.
The goddess Yamuna.
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of river Yamuna.
The Yamuna near the Himalayas, just as it reaches the plains, beyond Dehradun in Uttarakhand
The Yamuna, seen from the Taj Mahal at Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Madan Mohan temple, on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, 1789; the river has since shifted further away
'Keshi Ghat' on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, just a few kilometres before it meets the Ganges
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, during the monsoon
View of Yamuna from Okhla Sanctuary
View of Yamuna from Kesi Ghata
The Yamuna view from Hathni Kund Barrage

The Yamuna (Hindustani: ), also spelt Jamuna, is the second-largest tributary river of the Ganges by discharge and the longest tributary in India.

During the Kumbh Mela, held every 12 years, large congregations of people immerse themselves in the sacred waters of the confluence.

Allahabad

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Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Allahabad Fort, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1575 on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Tomb of Nithar Begum (daughter of Mughal Emperor Jahangir) at Khusro Bagh.
Mahatma Gandhi at a January 1940 Congress Working Committee meeting with Vallabhbhai Patel and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit at Anand Bhavan in Allahabad
Allahabad University, established in 1887, is one of the oldest modern universities in the Indian subcontinent.
Pilgrims at the Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers in Allahabad.
The Yamuna in Allahabad during the rainy season
A typical Indian peacock, found in Allahabad on a large scale
The Allahabad High Court is India's fourth-oldest high court
New Yamuna Bridge in Allahabad
MLN Medical College, the Government Medical College in Allahabad
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, a public engineering and management school
Anand Bhavan, owned by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru
A procession of pilgrims cross the Ganges during the 2001 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad

Allahabad lies close to Triveni Sangam, the "three-river confluence" of the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers.

According to Krishnaswamy and Ghosh, these dates are likely related to the Magh Mela pilgrimage at Prayag, as recommended in the ancient Hindu texts.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.

Haridwar

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City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

City and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Haridwar Railway station

The city is situated on the right bank of the Ganges river, at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges.

Mahatma Gandhi visited the campus three times, and stayed in its sprawling and serene campus for extended periods of time, most notably during the 1915 Kumbh mela, followed by a visit in 1916, when on 20 March, he spoke at Gurukul Anniversary.

Godavari River

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Godavari river basin.
Godavari River delta extending into the Bay of Bengal (upper river in image).
Bhadrachalam Temple during 2005 floods
Road Bridge over Godavari River at Bhadrachalam
Gautami personified with Gautama.
Godavari Statue at Gangadwar, worshiped as origin of Godavari, Triambak
Goddess Godavari
Sculpture depicting govu vatsa and gowthama legend about birth of Godavari River
Trimbakeshwar
Kaleshwara Mukteswara Swamy Temple
Antarvedi temple
Sunset view of Godavari River and bridge from Rajahmundry
Scenic View of Araku Valley in Andhra Pradesh
Havelock Bridge on the left and Godavari Arch Bridge on the right
Upper Indiravati power house
Generalized Geological Map of Godavari Drainage Basin
Dried up Godavari exposing flood basalt river bed as seen from the back of Changdev temple in Puntamba
A colonial Map of Yanam showing then course of Godavery river.

The Godavari (IAST: Godāvarī [ɡod̪aːʋəɾiː]) is India's second longest river after the Ganga river and drains into the third largest basin in India, covering about 10% of India's total geographical area.

Nashik – One of the four Sinhastha Kumbh Mela, a Hindu pilgrimage place