A report on GangesVaranasi and Shiva

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Banarasi sari
An ancient sculpture of Shiva at the Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra. 6th century CE
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
The Pashupati seal discovered during excavation of the Indus Valley archaeological site of Mohenjo-Daro and showing a possible representation of a "yogi" or "proto-Shiva" figure as Paśupati (= "Lord of the Animals"). Circa 2350-2000 BCE
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Three-headed Shiva, Gandhara, 2nd century AD
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Lingodbhava is a Shaiva sectarian icon where Shiva is depicted rising from the Lingam (an infinite fiery pillar) that narrates how Shiva is the foremost of the Trimurti; Brahma on the left and Vishnu on the right are depicted bowing to Shiva in the centre.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
Alamgiri Mosque
Ardhanarishvara sculpture, Khajuraho, depicting Shiva with goddess Parvati as his equal half. In the Ardhanarisvara concept, the icon is presented as half-man and half woman.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Oleograph by Raja Ravi Varma depicting a Shiva-centric Panchayatana. A bearded Shiva sits in the centre with his wife Parvati and their infant son Ganesha; surrounded by (clockwise from left upper corner) Ganesha, Devi, Vishnu, and Surya. Shiva's mount is the bull Nandi below Shiva.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Shiva with Parvati. Shiva is depicted three-eyed, the Ganges flowing through his matted hair, wearing ornaments of serpents and a skull garland, covered in ashes, and seated on a tiger skin.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
A seated Shiva holds an axe and deer in his hands.
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
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Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Chola dynasty statue depicting Shiva dancing as Nataraja (Los Angeles County Museum of Art)
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The 10th century five headed Shiva, Sadashiva, Cambodia
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Shiva Lingam with tripundra
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
Shiva sculpture, Dieng Plateau in Java, Indonesia
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Mahakala, c. 1500 CE Tibetan Thangka
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Banaras railway station at night
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Ring Road Phase I
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
Ganges from Space
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
The Ganges at Sultanganj.
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

Varanasi is a city on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

- Varanasi

It has been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals such as Pataliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Munger, Kashi, Patna, Hajipur, Delhi, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Kampilya, and Kolkata located on its banks or the banks of tributaries and connected waterways.

- Ganges

The iconographical attributes of Shiva are the serpent around his neck, the adorning crescent moon, the holy river Ganga flowing from his matted hair, the third eye on his forehead (the eye that turns everything in front of it into ashes when opened), the trishula or trident as his weapon, and the damaru drum.

- Shiva

In the 16th century, the Mughal emperor Akbar built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu in the city.

- Varanasi

The Bhagirathi rises at the foot of Gangotri Glacier, at Gomukh, at an elevation of 4356 m and being mythologically referred to as residing in the matted locks of Shiva; symbolically Tapovan, which is a meadow of ethereal beauty at the feet of Mount Shivling, just 5 km away.

- Ganges

Varanasi: Varanasi (Benares) is considered to be the city specially loved by Shiva, and is one of the holiest places of pilgrimage in India. It is referred to, in religious contexts, as Kashi.

- Shiva

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