A report on Uttarakhand and Ganges

Rope bridge across Alaknanda River at Srinagar, 1784-94 – the capital of the Garhwal Kingdom
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Fort of Champawat, 1815 – the first capital of the Chand kings of Kumaon Kingdom
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
Uttarakhand as a part of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Uttarakhand as a part of Uttar Pradesh, 1950–2000
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
With the elevation of 7816 m above sea level, Nanda Devi is the highest mountain in Uttarakhand and the second-highest mountain in India, following Kangchenjunga in Sikkim.
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
With the elevation of 190 m above sea level, Sharda Sagar Reservoir is the lowest land point in Uttarakhand.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
Topography of Uttarakhand.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
Kumaon and Garhwal in Uttarakhand
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Sumitranandan Pant Museum, Kausani
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Bal Mithai, a popular sweet from Kumaon
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Women performing Chanchari – a popular folk dance from Danpur region in Kumaon.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Pilgrims gather for the third Shahi Snan ("royal bath") at Har Ki Pauri in Haridwar, Uttarakhand on 14 April 2010 during Haridwar Kumbh Mela.
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
A woman winnowing rice, an important food crop in Uttarakhand.
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Schematic tourist map of Uttarakhand.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
Garhwal Himalaya mountain range in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand.
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium in Dehradun.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol is notable for its traditional wooden architecture.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
Architectural details of a Dharamshala, established 1822, Haridwar.
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Abhisarika Nayika, a painting by Mola Ram.
Ganges from Space
The releasing of the Uttaranchal crafts map
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora)
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
West Himalayan Common Peacock (Papilio bianor polyctor)
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata)
Burans (Rhododendron arboreum)
Kaphal (Myrica esculenta)
Kandali (Urtica dioica)
Valley of Flowers National Park
The Ganges at Sultanganj.
View of a Bugyal (meadow) in Uttarakhand
Har Ki Doon, a high-altitude hanging valley
Rishikesh view and 13 stories Shiva temple across Lakshman Jhula bridge over the Ganges
Kedarnath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas

The 2525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.

- Ganges

Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri.

- Uttarakhand

11 related topics with Alpha


Uttar Pradesh

3 links

State in northern India.

State in northern India.

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand), was created from Uttar Pradesh's western Himalayan hill region.

The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and its tributary Yamuna, meet at the Triveni Sangam in Prayagraj, a Hindu pilgrimage site.

Himachal Pradesh

3 links

State in the northern part of India.

State in the northern part of India.

Bathu ki Ladi Temples, near Maharana Pratap Sagar in Kangra are believed to be constructed by Pandavas
Topographic map of Himachal Pradesh. Most of the state is mountainous.
Tributary of Chandra, Lahaul and Spiti, from Rohtang Pass (elev. 3,980 m, 13,058 ft)
Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) in Kullu
Black bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)
High Court of Himachal Pradesh
Town Hall in Shimla
The Mall Road is the central business district of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh's capital city.
Terrace farming is the most common form of agricultural practice in the state.
Apple blossoms in Manali, Himachal Pradesh
Tea gardens in Dharamsala
Paragliding in Bir Billing.
Khirganga is one of the most popular treks in Himachal.
Gaggal Airport
Kalka-Shimla Railway
Kangra Valley Railway
NH 5 in Himachal Pradesh
A man in Kullu, wearing a traditional Himachali cap.
A village in Mandi district
Kibber Village, Spiti
Gaddi nomads
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Study at Shimla
IIT Mandi campus, Jan '20

Himachal Pradesh is the northernmost state of India and shares borders with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, Uttarakhand to the southeast and a very narrow border with Uttar Pradesh to the south.

Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins.

Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)


2 links

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)
The 6000 km journey of the India landmass (Indian Plate) before its collision with Asia (Eurasian Plate) about 40 to 50 million years ago
Icefall on Khumbu Glacier
Gurudongmar Lake in Sikkim

Some of the world's major rivers, the Indus, the Ganges, and the Tsangpo–Brahmaputra, rise in the vicinity of the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to some 600 million people; 53 million people live in the Himalayas.

In Uttarakhand, the Himalayas rise again as the Kumaon and Garhwal Himalayas with the high peaks of Nanda Devi and Kamet.


2 links

Banderpoonch peak, the source of Yamuna, as seen from Mussoorie.
The Yamunotri temple on the river, dedicated to Goddess Yamuna.
The Doab, United Provinces, 1908.
Yamuna river between Saharanpur and Yamunanagar
Course of Yamuna, in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
Catchment boundary of the Yamuna.
Vasudev carrying baby Lord Krishna across the Yamuna, an important legend of Bhagavata Purana, mid-18th century.
Agra Canal headworks at Okhla barrage, Delhi, 1871.
The goddess Yamuna.
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of river Yamuna.
The Yamuna near the Himalayas, just as it reaches the plains, beyond Dehradun in Uttarakhand
The Yamuna, seen from the Taj Mahal at Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Madan Mohan temple, on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, 1789; the river has since shifted further away
'Keshi Ghat' on the Yamuna at Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, just a few kilometres before it meets the Ganges
The Yamuna near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, during the monsoon
View of Yamuna from Okhla Sanctuary
View of Yamuna from Kesi Ghata
The Yamuna view from Hathni Kund Barrage

The Yamuna (Hindustani: ), also spelt Jamuna, is the second-largest tributary river of the Ganges by discharge and the longest tributary in India.

Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of about 4500 m on the southwestern slopes of Bandarpunch peaks of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand, it travels a total length of 1376 km and has a drainage system of 366223 km2, 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin.

Alaknanda River

1 links

River Alaknanda near Badrikashram
Rudraprayag - confluence of Alaknanda and Mandakini
Alaknanda river near the town of Srinagar in Uttarakhand
Alaknanda joins Bhagirathi at Devprayag to form the Ganges

The Alaknanda is a Himalayan river in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism.

North India

1 links

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

States under Northern India Zonal Council in orange
Late Vedic Culture (1100-500 BCE)
Vedic India covered North, Central, Western and Eastern India
Children playing cricket in North Indian state of Himachal Pradesh
Sunset on the sand dunes at Thar desert located in North Indian state of Rajasthan
Distribution of Indo-Aryan languages.
North Indian Hindu bride in Lehenga
Chinkara in Madhya Pradesh, India
Goat at Great Himalayan national Park in Himachal Pradesh
Jim Corbett National Park
Sunrise in Kishtwar National Park, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Akshardham Temple, Delhi
The Taj Mahal at Agra
Amer Fort in Rajasthan
India's Köppen climate classification map is based on native vegetation, temperature, precipitation and their seasonality.(Major categories)
(Am) Tropical monsoon
(Aw) Tropical savanna, wet & dry
(BWh) Hot desert
(BWk) Cold desert
(BSh) Hot semi arid
(Cwa) Subtropical humid summer, dry winter
(Cwb) Subtropical highland, dry wint

The Ministry of Culture in its North Culture Zone includes the state of Uttarakhand but excludes Delhi whereas the Geological Survey of India includes Uttar Pradesh and Delhi but excludes Rajasthan and Chandigarh.

Varanasi, on the banks of the River Ganga, is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and the second oldest in India after Nalanda.

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.


1 links

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar.
Ganga Aarti at Haridwar
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from the opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in the 1880s.
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
The Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu astrology.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Pantanjali Yogpeeth
Haridwar Railway station

Haridwar is a city and municipal corporation in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

The city is situated on the right bank of the Ganges river, at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges.


1 links

Bhagirathi River and Himalayas in Gangotri, Uttarakhand
Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri
Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata.<ref>Brahma Kamal</ref>

Gangotri is a town and a Nagar Panchayat (municipality) in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi – the origin of the river Ganges.

The Dhauliganga river tumbling in to meet the Alaknanda River at Vishnuprayag in the Garhwal Himalayas.

Dhauliganga River

1 links

The Dhauliganga river tumbling in to meet the Alaknanda River at Vishnuprayag in the Garhwal Himalayas.
A map of the headwaters of the Ganges river, showing the Dhauliganga at the top right.
The Dhauliganga river valley shown in a high-resolution map based on detailed surveys
The confluence with the Alaknanda

The Dhauliganga is a turbulent Himalayan river which rises in the border regions of India and China and flows south into the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.

It joins the Alaknanda, the major source stream of the Ganges river.

A view of temples on the banks of river Ganges near Laxman Jhula


1 links

A view of temples on the banks of river Ganges near Laxman Jhula
Students from around the world undergoing yoga teacher training by the River Ganges at Rishikesh, 2015
Rafting in Rishikesh
View of Rishikesh
Chit chat at bank of River Ganga at Rishikesh
Shiva statue near Parmarth Niketan which was washed away by the 2013 flood on River Ganga
Tera Manzil Temple
A temple in Rishikesh
Ghats by the River Ganges
Ram Jhula Bridge across the Ganges at Muni Ki Reti, built in the 1980s
A Hanuman temple in Rishikesh
Rishikesh Views
laxman jhula bridge

Rishikesh, also spelt as Hrishikesh, is a city governed by Rishikesh Municipal Corporation (since October 2017), and a tehsil in Dehradun district of the Indian state Uttarakhand.

Legends state that Lord Rama did penance here for killing Ravana, the asura king of Lanka; and Lakshmana, his younger brother, crossed the river Ganges, using two jute ropes at the point where the present 'Lakshman Jhula' (लक्ष्मण झूला) stands today.