Ganges

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.

Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

- Ganges

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Life reconstruction of Arktocara yakataga, an allodelphinid

River dolphin

River dolphins are a polyphyletic group of fully aquatic mammals that reside exclusively in freshwater or brackish water.

River dolphins are a polyphyletic group of fully aquatic mammals that reside exclusively in freshwater or brackish water.

Life reconstruction of Arktocara yakataga, an allodelphinid
Phylogeny of cetaceans based on cytochrome b gene sequences, showing the distant relationship between Platanista and other river dolphins.
Indus river dolphin skull
Biosonar by cetaceans
River dolphins have very small eyes
Conservation areas for the baiji along the Yangtze River
The only trained Amazon river dolphin in the world at the Acuario de Valencia, Venezuela
Ganga on a river dolphin

In Hindu mythology, the Ganges river dolphin is associated with Ganga, the deity of the Ganges river.

Munshi Ghat

Ghat

Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could refer either to a range of stepped hills with valleys (ghati in Hindi), such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such as a bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, the Ghats in Varanasi, Dhobi Ghat or the Aapravasi Ghat.

Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could refer either to a range of stepped hills with valleys (ghati in Hindi), such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such as a bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, the Ghats in Varanasi, Dhobi Ghat or the Aapravasi Ghat.

Munshi Ghat
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Western Ghats
A late 18th-century painting of Pune with the Shmashana ghat at the confluence of Mula and Mutha rivers in the foreground

The numerous significant ghats along the Ganges are the Varanasi ghats (the city of Varanasi has 88 ghats) and generically the "ghats of the Ganges".

Confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers to produce the Ganges at Devprayag, India

Confluence

In geography, a confluence (also: conflux) occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join to form a single channel.

In geography, a confluence (also: conflux) occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join to form a single channel.

Confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers to produce the Ganges at Devprayag, India
The same confluence viewed from upstream at a different time; note the swirl of sediment from the Alaknanda.
Hydrodynamic features of a river/flume confluence can be separated into six identifiable distinct zones, also called confluence flow zones.
The fountain at Point State Park in Pittsburgh, at the apex of the confluence of the Allegheny (top) and the Monongahela
The White Nile and Blue Nile merge at Khartoum; April 2013 satellite view
The Nam Khan flows into the Mekong at Luang Prabang in Laos
The confluence of the Jialing and the Yangtze in Chongqing. The Yangtze flows left to right across the bottom of the image.
The Seine becomes a single channel at the west end of the Île de la Cité in Paris. The Pont Neuf can be seen.
The Mosel flows into the Rhine at Koblenz.
The triple confluence in Passau; from left to right, the Inn, the Danube, and the Ilz.
Confluence of Oka and Volga rivers
The confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela at Pittsburgh, forming the Ohio
The Ohio flows into the Mississippi at Cairo.
The Rideau Falls in Ottawa, where the Rideau River tumbles into Ottawa River at its mouth.
The confluence of the Rio Negro (black) and the Rio Solimões (turbid) near Manaus, Brazil.
Confluence of canals
This simplified diagram shows how a section of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans also serves as the channel for the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal. At the bottom, a portion of the Intracoastal is also shown to be "confluent" with the Mississippi River.

At Devprayag in India, the Ganges River originates at the confluence of the Bhagirathi and the Alaknanda; see images above.

The geographic region containing the Indian subcontinent.

Names for India

Historically significant, "India" and "Bharata".

Historically significant, "India" and "Bharata".

The geographic region containing the Indian subcontinent.
India was the lower Indus basin in Herodotus's view of the world.
𓉔𓈖𓂧𓍯𓇌 H-n-d-wꜢ-y "India" written in Egyptian hieroglyphs on the Statue of Darius I, circa 500 BCE.
Statue of Bharata Chakravartin at Shravanabelagola. In Jainism, he was the first chakravartin or universal emperor.
The name Jambudīpasi for "India" (Brahmi script) in the Sahasram Minor Rock Edict of Ashoka, circa 250 BCE.

At first the name Bhārat referred only to the western part of the Ganges in North India, but was later more broadly applied to the Indian subcontinent and the region of Greater India, as was the name "India".

Hardinge Bridge in February 2013

Hardinge Bridge

Steel railway truss bridge over the Padma River located at Ishwardi, Pabna and Bheramara, and Kushtia in Bangladesh.

Steel railway truss bridge over the Padma River located at Ishwardi, Pabna and Bheramara, and Kushtia in Bangladesh.

Hardinge Bridge in February 2013
Hardinge Bridge construction (1910)

A technical committee reported that a bridge could be constructed at Sara crossing the lower Ganges between the Paksey and Bheramara Upazila stations on the broad gauge railway from Khulna to Parbatipur Upazila.

Gomti River

The banks of the Gomti in Jaunpur
The Gomti in Sitapur district
Temporary dam stopping the Gomti River for construction on the riverbed
Gomti riverfront, with heavy machinery over the riverbed and floodplain
Gomti riverfront reclaimed riverbed and floodplain

The Gomti, Gumti or Gomati River is a tributary of the Ganges.

Gangaridai in Ptolemy's Map

Gangaridai

Term used by the ancient Greco-Roman writers (1st century BCE-2nd century AD) to describe a people or a geographical region of the ancient Indian subcontinent.

Term used by the ancient Greco-Roman writers (1st century BCE-2nd century AD) to describe a people or a geographical region of the ancient Indian subcontinent.

Gangaridai in Ptolemy's Map
Diodorus Siculus as depicted in a 19th-century fresco
Plutarch
A modern map identifying the places depicted in the Periplous of the Erythraean Sea
The Wari-Bateshwar ruins of present-day Bangladesh have been identified as a part of Gangaridai. Archaeologists have considered it as the ancient trading hub of Sounagoura mentioned by Claudius Ptolemy
Archaeologists have considered Chandraketugarh of present-day Indian state West Bengal as the ancient city of Gange, the capital of Gangaridai

Some modern etymologies of the word Gangaridai split it as "Gaṅgā-rāṣṭra", "Gaṅgā-rāḍha" or "Gaṅgā-hṛdaya".

Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basins

Ganges Basin

Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basins

The Ganges Basin is a part of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin draining 1,086,000 square kilometres in Tibet, Nepal, India and Bangladesh.

Arrah

City and a municipal corporation in Bhojpur district in the Indian state of Bihar.

City and a municipal corporation in Bhojpur district in the Indian state of Bihar.

The Masarh lion, found at the archeological site Masarh
Babur crossing the Son River.
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Chhath Celebration at Gangi River
Arrah House
Arrah–Chhapra Bridge
Defence of the Arrah House, 1857 (1858) by William Tayler.
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It is the headquarters of Bhojpur district, located near the confluence of the Ganges and Sone rivers, some 24 miles from Danapur and 36 miles from Patna.

The High Court of Australia, the highest appellate court in Australia

Uttarakhand High Court

High Court of the state of Uttarakhand in India.

High Court of the state of Uttarakhand in India.

The High Court of Australia, the highest appellate court in Australia

In March 2017, Uttarakhand High Court mandated that the rivers Ganges and Yamuna as well as all water bodies are "living entities" i.e. "legal person" and appointed 3 persons as trustees to protect the rights of rivers against the pollution caused by the humans.