A report on Ganges

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

- Ganges

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Brahmaputra River

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Trans-boundary river which flows through Tibet, India, and Bangladesh.

Trans-boundary river which flows through Tibet, India, and Bangladesh.

Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet
Yarlung Tsangpo
Brahmaputra basin in India
A view of sunset in the Brahmaputra from Dibrugarh
Rivers of Bangladesh, including the Brahmaputra
The Brahmaputra River from Space
Rowing competition of Sualkuchi at Brahmaputra River
Flooded villages along the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra River seen from a SPOT satellite
The Brahmaputra and its tributaries in northeastern India and Bangladesh
James Rennell's 1776 map shows the Brahmaputra's flow before an earthquake on 2 April 1762 and the Teesta River flowing in three channels to the Ganga before a flood in 1787.
Silhouette of a fisherman on boat during sunset at Brahmaputra River
An Aerial view of the Dhola–Sadiya Bridge
Ranaghat Bridge or Churni River Bridge on Brahmaputra River near Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh

In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Ganges, popularly known as the Padma in Bangladesh, and becomes the Meghna and ultimately empties into the Bay of Bengal.

Murshidabad

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Historical city in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Historical city in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Painting of the garden, mosque and prince's pavilions in Motijhil (pearl lake)
Nawab Alivardi Khan with a courtier
The Nawab's boats on a river
A Jain temple in the mansion of Jagat Seth, a historically prominent banking family of Murshidabad
Murshidabad District has several terracotta Bengali Hindu temples
The grounds of the Nizamat Imambara
Khushbagh is the cemetery of the last independent rulers of Murshidabad
Panoramic view of Katra Masjid
Two horsemen, Murshidabad style of painting
Woman playing the sitar, Murshidabad style of painting
Ivory sculpture of a royal barge
Ivory sculpture of a royal barge
An elevated musicians' gallery where drums, flutes and Indian classical music would be played.

It is located on the eastern bank of the Bhagirathi River, a distributary of the Ganges.

North India

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Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

States under Northern India Zonal Council in orange
Late Vedic Culture (1100-500 BCE)
Vedic India covered North, Central, Western and Eastern India
Children playing cricket in North Indian state of Himachal Pradesh
Sunset on the sand dunes at Thar desert located in North Indian state of Rajasthan
Distribution of Indo-Aryan languages.
North Indian Hindu bride in Lehenga
Chinkara in Madhya Pradesh, India
Goat at Great Himalayan national Park in Himachal Pradesh
Jim Corbett National Park
Sunrise in Kishtwar National Park, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Akshardham Temple, Delhi
The Taj Mahal at Agra
Amer Fort in Rajasthan
India's Köppen climate classification map is based on native vegetation, temperature, precipitation and their seasonality.(Major categories)
(Am) Tropical monsoon
(Aw) Tropical savanna, wet & dry
(BWh) Hot desert
(BWk) Cold desert
(BSh) Hot semi arid
(Cwa) Subtropical humid summer, dry winter
(Cwb) Subtropical highland, dry wint

Varanasi, on the banks of the River Ganga, is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and the second oldest in India after Nalanda.

Funeral ghats in Varanasi

Pollution of the Ganges

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Funeral ghats in Varanasi
Ganges canal dried for cleaning
A satellite view of the Manasarovar (right) and Rakshastal lakes with Mount Kailash in the background
A map of the Ganges (orange), Brahmaputra (violet), and Meghna (green) drainage basins
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Pollution in Ganga

Pollution of the Ganges, the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment.

Son River

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Perennial river located in central India.

Perennial river located in central India.

Sonemuda, origin of Sone River
Babur crossing the Son River.
Boatmen on the Son River, Umaria district, MP
Son River, from Son Nagar railway station, Aurangabad district, Bihar
Son River, from Son Nagar railway station, Aurangabad district, Bihar

Sone river is the second-largest southern tributary of the Ganges' after Yamuna River.

Ghaghara

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Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Source of Karnali River
Ghaghara River in Faizabad is also known as Sarayu river
Lake Manasarovar in Tibet near the source of the Karnali River
Ghaghra river in Sitapur
Karnali River in Humla, Nepal
Karnali River in Nepal
Fish from Karnali River on sale in a shop at Chisapani, Kailali, Nepal
Gangetic dolphin
Cable-stayed bridge over the Karnali River in Chisapani, western Nepal

Together they form the Ghaghara River, a major left bank tributary of the Ganges.

Padma River

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Major river in Bangladesh.

Major river in Bangladesh.

A map showing the major rivers that flow into the Bay of Bengal, including Padma.
Padma River and boats (1860)
Hardinge Bridge in Bangladesh
Sunset from Padma River
A view of Padma river in summer near Rajshahi
Sunset from the river Padma during monsoon, Rajpara, Rajshahi
Sky over river padma
Engine Boat at Padma river
Speedboat at Padma River

It is the main distributary of the Ganges, flowing generally southeast for 120 km to its confluence with the Meghna River near the Bay of Bengal.

Hajipur

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Headquarters and largest city of Vaishali district of the state of Bihar in India.

Headquarters and largest city of Vaishali district of the state of Bihar in India.

Gandak River
Lord Vishnu with Gaja and Graah
Jami Masjid
Vishwa Shanti Stupa
Hajipur Junction
Mahatma Gandhi Setu

Hajipur lies on the north bank of the Ganga while Patna lies on the south, the Gandhi Setu bridge connects both cities.

Doab

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Term used in South Asia for the tract of land lying between two confluent rivers.

Term used in South Asia for the tract of land lying between two confluent rivers.

The Doab, United Provinces, 1908 map
A map of the Punjab region showing the different doabs
In any doab, khadir land (green) lies next to a river, while bangar land (olive) has greater elevation and lies further from the river

The Doab designates the flat alluvial tract between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers extending from the Sivalik Hills to the two rivers' confluence at Prayagraj.

Confluence of the Dhauliganga (right) with the Alaknanda (left) at Vishnuprayag

Panch Prayag

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Expression in Hindu religious ethos, specifically used to connote the five sacred river confluences in the Garhwal Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Expression in Hindu religious ethos, specifically used to connote the five sacred river confluences in the Garhwal Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Confluence of the Dhauliganga (right) with the Alaknanda (left) at Vishnuprayag
The Nandakini River (foreground) meets the Alaknanda River (background) in Nandprayag, in the Garhwal Himalayas, Uttarakhand, India.
Karna Prayag confluence of Alaknanda and Pindar Rivers
Rudraprayag, the confluence of the Alaknanda (foreground) and the Mandakini rivers.
Dev Prayag - Confluence of Alakananda (right) and Bhagirathi (left) Rivers

It starts with the Vishnu Prayag on the Alaknanda River, which is one of the two source streams of the river Ganga in the Garhwal Himalayas; the other streams are the Dhauliganga, Nandakini, Pindar, Mandakini and the Bhagirathi - the head stream of the Ganges.