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Lanzhou

LanchowLanzhou CityJincheng
Its capital and largest city is Lanzhou, located in the southeast part of the province.
Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.

Qinghai

Qinghai ProvinceKokonorTsinghai
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.
Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.

Ningxia

Ningxia Hui Autonomous RegionNingxia Autonomous RegionNingxia Hui
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.
Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was separated from Gansu in 1958 and was reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.
Xinjiang also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai.

Shaanxi

Shaanxi ProvinceShensiShǎnxī
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.
It lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW), and Inner Mongolia (N).

Hui people

HuiChinese MuslimHui Muslim
Its population is mostly Han, along with Hui, Dongxiang and Tibetan minorities.
The Hui people are more concentrated in Northwestern China (Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang), but communities exist across the country, e.g. Beijing, Xi'an, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Hainan and Yunnan.

Hexi Corridor

HexiGansu CorridorHexi region
The Northern Silk Road ran through the Hexi Corridor, which passes through Gansu, resulting in it being an important strategic outpost and communications link for the Chinese empire.
Hexi Corridor (, Xiao'erjing: حْسِ ظِوْلاْ, IPA: /xɤ˧˥ɕi˥ tsoʊ˨˩˦lɑŋ˧˥/) or Gansu Corridor is an important historical route in Gansu province of China.

Jiuquan

SuzhouSpring of WineJiuquan, Gansu
Gansu is a compound of the names of Ganzhou (now a district of Zhangye) and Suzhou, the seat of Jiuquan Prefecture, formerly the two most important Chinese settlements in the area.
Jiuquan, formerly known as Suzhou, is a prefecture-level city in the northwesternmost part of Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China.

Loess Plateau

yellow earthLoessloess deposits
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.

Northwest China

NorthwestNorthwestern Chinanorthwestern
Gansu (alternately romanized as Kansu) is a landlocked province in Northwest China.
Northwest China includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Jiayuguan City

JiayuguanJiayuguan, Gansu
The city of Jiayuguan, the second most populated city in Gansu, is known for its section of the Great Wall and the Jiayuguan Pass fortress complex.
is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Gansu province, with a population of 231,853 as of 2010.

Zhangye

GanzhouGan PrefectureKanchow
Gansu is a compound of the names of Ganzhou (now a district of Zhangye) and Suzhou, the seat of Jiuquan Prefecture, formerly the two most important Chinese settlements in the area.
Zhangye, formerly romanised as Changyeh or known as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China.

Tibetan people

TibetanTibetansethnic Tibetan
Its population is mostly Han, along with Hui, Dongxiang and Tibetan minorities.
As of the 2014 Census, there are about 6 million Tibetans living in the Tibet Autonomous Region and the 10 Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in Gansu, Qinghai and Sichuan, China.

Qilian Mountains

QilianQilian ShanLongshou Shan
The Qilian mountains are located in the south of the Province. To the west of Yumenguan and the Qilian Mountains, at the northwestern end of the province, the Yuezhi, Wusun, and other nomadic tribes dwelt (Shiji 123), occasionally figuring in regional imperial Chinese geopolitics.
The Qilian Mountains (, also romanized as Tsilien; Mongghul: Chileb), together with the Altyn-Tagh (Altun Shan) also known as Nan Shan (, literally "Southern Mountains"), as it is to the south of Hexi Corridor, is a northern outlier of the Kunlun Mountains, forming the border between Qinghai and the Gansu provinces of northern China.

Yuezhi

Da YuezhiLesser YuezhiGreat Yuezhi
The Yuezhi originally lived in the very western part of Gansu until they were forced to emigrate by the Xiongnu around 177 BCE. To the west of Yumenguan and the Qilian Mountains, at the northwestern end of the province, the Yuezhi, Wusun, and other nomadic tribes dwelt (Shiji 123), occasionally figuring in regional imperial Chinese geopolitics.
The Yuezhi were an ancient Indo-European people first described in Chinese histories as nomadic pastoralists living in an arid grassland area in the western part of the modern Chinese province of Gansu, during the 1st millennium BC.

Tianshui

Hanyang CommanderyTianshui CommanderyShanggui
The State of Qin, known in China as the founding state of the Chinese empire, grew out from the southeastern part of Gansu, specifically the Tianshui area.
Tianshui is the second-largest city in Gansu Province, China.

Qin dynasty

QinQin Empire
The State of Qin, known in China as the founding state of the Chinese empire, grew out from the southeastern part of Gansu, specifically the Tianshui area.
Named for its heartland in Qin state (modern Gansu and Shaanxi), the dynasty was founded by Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of Qin.

Xiongnu

Xiongnu EmpireSouthern XiongnuNorthern Xiongnu
The Yuezhi originally lived in the very western part of Gansu until they were forced to emigrate by the Xiongnu around 177 BCE.
The Xiongnu were also active in areas now part of Siberia, Inner Mongolia, Gansu and Xinjiang.

History of the Great Wall of China

fortified the Great WallGreat WallHan Great Wall
The Han dynasty extended the Great Wall across this corridor, building the strategic Yumenguan (Jade Gate Pass, near Dunhuang) and Yangguan fort towns along it.
The walls were built of rammed earth, constructed using forced labour, and by 212 ran from Gansu to the coast of southern Manchuria.

Dunhuang

ShazhouDunhuang CityDun Huang
The Han dynasty extended the Great Wall across this corridor, building the strategic Yumenguan (Jade Gate Pass, near Dunhuang) and Yangguan fort towns along it.
Dunhuang is a county-level city in northwestern Gansu Province, Western China.

Dadiwan culture

DadiwanDadiwan Site
The Dadiwan culture, from where archaeologically significant artifacts have been excavated, flourished in the eastern end of Gansu from about 6000BC to about 3000BC.
7900–7200 BP) was a Neolithic culture located primarily in the eastern portion of Gansu and Shaanxi provinces in modern China.

Suzhou District

SuzhouSuzhou, GansuSu
Gansu is a compound of the names of Ganzhou (now a district of Zhangye) and Suzhou, the seat of Jiuquan Prefecture, formerly the two most important Chinese settlements in the area.
Suzhou District is a district of the city of Jiuquan, Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China.

Majiayao culture

Majiayao
The Majiayao culture and part of the Qijia culture took root in Gansu from 3100 BC to 2700 BC and 2400 BC to 1900 BC respectively.
The Majiayao culture was a group of neolithic communities who lived primarily in the upper Yellow River region in eastern Gansu, eastern Qinghai and northern Sichuan, China.

Qijia culture

QijiaMogou siteQijiaping
The Majiayao culture and part of the Qijia culture took root in Gansu from 3100 BC to 2700 BC and 2400 BC to 1900 BC respectively.
The Qijia culture (2200 BC – 1600 BC) was an early Bronze Age culture distributed around the upper Yellow River region of Gansu (centered in Lanzhou) and eastern Qinghai, China.

Wusun

UsansUssun
To the west of Yumenguan and the Qilian Mountains, at the northwestern end of the province, the Yuezhi, Wusun, and other nomadic tribes dwelt (Shiji 123), occasionally figuring in regional imperial Chinese geopolitics.
The Wusun originally lived between the Qilian Mountains and Dunhuang (Gansu) near the Yuezhi.