Gardening

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Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.wikipedia
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Forest gardening

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Forest gardening, a forest-based food production system, is the world's oldest form of gardening.
Forest gardening is a prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas.

Back garden

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Gardening ranges in scale from fruit orchards, to long boulevard plantings with one or more different types of shrubs, trees, and herbaceous plants, to residential back gardens including lawns and foundation plantings, and to container gardens grown inside or outside.
Such gardens have a special place in English suburban and gardening culture.

Botanical garden

botanical gardensbotanic gardenbotanic gardens
A botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation, preservation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names.

Aquascaping

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Aquascaping is the craft of arranging aquatic plants, as well as rocks, stones, cavework, or driftwood, in an aesthetically pleasing manner within an aquarium—in effect, gardening under water.

Raised-bed gardening

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Raised-bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is enclosed in three-to-four-foot-wide (1.0–1.2

Xeriscaping

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Xeriscaping is the process of landscaping or gardening that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation.

Community gardening

community gardenscommunity gardencommunity
Community gardening comprises a wide variety of approaches to sharing land and gardens.
A community garden is a single piece of land gardened collectively by a group of people.

Horticulture

horticulturisthorticulturalcultivation
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.

Landscaping

landscaperlandscapedlandscape
In US and British usage, the production of ornamental plantings around buildings is called landscaping, landscape maintenance or grounds keeping, while international usage uses the term gardening for these same activities.

Landscape maintenance

lawn and garden equipment
In US and British usage, the production of ornamental plantings around buildings is called landscaping, landscape maintenance or grounds keeping, while international usage uses the term gardening for these same activities.
Using tools, supplies, knowledge, physical exertion and skills, a groundskeeper may plan or carry out annual plantings and harvestings, periodic weeding and fertilizing, other gardening, lawn care, snow removal, driveway and path maintenance, shrub pruning, topiary, lighting, fencing, swimming pool care, runoff drainage, and irrigation, and other jobs for protecting and improving the topsoil, plants, and garden accessories.

Rock garden

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Rock gardens increased in popularity in the 19th century.

Permaculture

permaculturistpermaculturalistpermaculture design
In agriculture and gardening, mulch is a protective cover placed over the soil.

Slow Food

Slow Food USASlow Food MovementSlow Food Foundation
The Slow Food movement has sought in some countries to add an edible school yard and garden classrooms to schools, e.g. in Fergus, Ontario, where these were added to a public school to augment the kitchen classroom.

List of professional gardeners

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It does not include the innumerable people who count gardening among their hobbies.

Spade

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One distinction is that gardening is labor-intensive and employs very little infrastructural capital, sometimes no more than a few tools, e.g. a spade, hoe, basket and watering can.
In gardening, a spade is a hand tool used to dig or loosen ground, or to break up lumps in the soil.

Master gardener program

Master GardenersMaster GardenerMaster Gardener Programs
These individuals pass on the information they learned during their training, as volunteers who advise and educate the public on gardening and horticulture.

Market garden

market gardeningtruck farmtruck farming
There is some overlap between the terms, particularly in that some moderate-sized vegetable growing concerns, often called market gardening, can fit in either category.
Unlike large, industrial farms, which practice monoculture and mechanization, many different crops and varieties are grown and more manual labour and gardening techniques are used.

Plant

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Garden pests are generally plants, fungi, or animals (frequently insects) that engage in activity that the gardener considers undesirable.
Gardening is the most popular leisure activity in the U.S., and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities.

Garden design

formal gardensgardenrock garden
Garden design is considered to be an art in most cultures, distinguished from gardening, which generally means garden maintenance.

Lawn

GrassturfgrassGrass pitch
As another example, in lawns, moss can become dominant and be impossible to eradicate.

Ornamental plant

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In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use.

Flower

flowersfloralflowering
In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use.

Leaf

leavesaxilfoliage
In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use.

List of root vegetables

root vegetableroot vegetablesroot crops
In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use.