Garrigue

gariguephryganabatha and phryganahillsscrub
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.wikipedia
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Mediterranean climate

warm-summer Mediterranean climateMediterraneanCsb
It is found on limestone soils in southern France and around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast where the moderated Mediterranean climate provides annual summer drought.
The resulting vegetation of Mediterranean climates are the garrigue or maquis in the Mediterranean Basin, the chaparral in California, the fynbos in South Africa, the mallee in Australia, and the matorral in Chile.

Shrubland

scrubscrublandscrub forest
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome. The term has also found its way into haute cuisine, suggestive of the resinous flavours of a garigue shrubland.
Low, soft-leaved scrublands around the Mediterranean Basin are known as garrigue in France, phrygana in Greece, tomillares in Spain, and batha in Israel.

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub

Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetationMediterranean forestMediterranean shrubby vegetation
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.
Shrubland: Shrublands are dense thickets of evergreen sclerophyll shrubs and small trees. They are most common near the seacoast, and are often adapted to wind and salt air from the ocean. They are called chaparral (California and southern Portugal), matorral in Chile and southern Spain, garrigue or maquis in France, macchia or gariga in Italy, phrygana in Greece, tomillares in Spain, fynbos and strandveld in South Africa, kwongan in Southwest Australia and batha in Israel. Northern coastal scrub and coastal sage scrub, also known as soft chaparral, occur near the California coast. In some places shrublands are of the mature vegetation type, and in other places are the result of degradation of former forest or woodland by logging or overgrazing, or disturbance by major fires.

Quercus coccifera

kermes oakkermes oaksQuercus Pseudococcifera
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."
It is an important Mediterranean bush or dwarf vegetation, where the biome it dominates often bears its name (maquis, coscojar, garrigue, carrascal, chaparral, etc.).

Matorral

matasMatorral shrublandsmatorrales
garigue is a common general word for the shrubland habitat ecosystems in southern France along with maquis, which are known elsewhere in the Mediterranean region as matorral and tomillares in Spain, macchia in Italy, phrygana in Greece, garig in Croatia, and batha in Israel.
Other common general names for this Mediterranean region shrubland habitat ecosystem are: in France as Maquis and Garrigue; in Italy as Macchia Mediterranea; in Greece as Phrygana; in Portugal as Mato; and in Israel as Batha. Now the term is used more broadly to include similar bio-assemblages where ever they occur.

Mediterranean Basin

MediterraneanMediterranean regionMediterranean area
It is found on limestone soils in southern France and around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast where the moderated Mediterranean climate provides annual summer drought. garigue is a common general word for the shrubland habitat ecosystems in southern France along with maquis, which are known elsewhere in the Mediterranean region as matorral and tomillares in Spain, macchia in Italy, phrygana in Greece, garig in Croatia, and batha in Israel.
Scrublands occur in the driest areas, especially areas near the seacoast where wind and salt spray are frequent. Low, soft-leaved scrublands around the Mediterranean are known as garrigar in Catalan, garrigue in French, phrygana in Greek, tomillares in Spanish, and batha in Hebrew.

Chilean Matorral

matorralcentral Chile
In California a similar Mediterranean climate ecoregion is named chaparral; in Chile it is named the Chilean matorral; in South Africa it is named fynbos; and in Australia it is named mallee.
Coastal Matorral is a low, soft scrubland which extends from La Serena in the north to Valparaiso in the south. Typical species are the coastal daisy (Bahia ambrosioides), Palhuén (Adesmia microphylla), and Palo de Yagua, the wild coastal fuchsia (Fuchsia lycioides). The coastal matorral is similar to the garrigue of the Mediterranean Basin and the coastal sage scrub of southern California.

Maquis shrubland

maquismacchiamacchia mediterranea
garigue is a common general word for the shrubland habitat ecosystems in southern France along with maquis, which are known elsewhere in the Mediterranean region as matorral and tomillares in Spain, macchia in Italy, phrygana in Greece, garig in Croatia, and batha in Israel.
Garrigue

Chaparral

desert chaparralchaparral plant communityfire follower
In California a similar Mediterranean climate ecoregion is named chaparral; in Chile it is named the Chilean matorral; in South Africa it is named fynbos; and in Australia it is named mallee.
Garrigue

Ecoregion

terrestrialecoregionsterrestrial ecoregion
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome. In California a similar Mediterranean climate ecoregion is named chaparral; in Chile it is named the Chilean matorral; in South Africa it is named fynbos; and in Australia it is named mallee.

Plant community

plant communitiescommunitiesplant association
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.

Biome

biotabiomesmajor habitat type
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.

Limestone

limestonescalcareouslime
It is found on limestone soils in southern France and around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast where the moderated Mediterranean climate provides annual summer drought.

Southern France

south of FranceMidiLe Midi
It is found on limestone soils in southern France and around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast where the moderated Mediterranean climate provides annual summer drought.

Drought

droughtsdrought reliefdry
It is found on limestone soils in southern France and around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast where the moderated Mediterranean climate provides annual summer drought.

Haute cuisine

cuisine classiqueclassic French cuisinehaute
The term has also found its way into haute cuisine, suggestive of the resinous flavours of a garigue shrubland.

Calcareous

calcareous soilcalcareous rockcalcareous rocks
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."

Plateau

plateaushigh plateaumountain plateau
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."

Alkali soil

alkaline soilsalkalinealkaline soil
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."

Lavandula

lavenderlavandinAlfazema
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees." Aside from dense thickets of kermes oak that punctuate the garigue landscape, juniper and stunted holm oaks are the typical trees; aromatic lime-tolerant shrubs such as lavender, sage, rosemary, wild thyme and Artemisia are common garigue plants.

Thyme

Thymusthyme oilCaribbean thyme
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."

Cistus

purple and pink flowered cladewhite and whitish pink claderockrose
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, which have relatively alkaline soils. It is often composed of kermes oak, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees."

Juniper

junipersJuniperusJuniper trees
Aside from dense thickets of kermes oak that punctuate the garigue landscape, juniper and stunted holm oaks are the typical trees; aromatic lime-tolerant shrubs such as lavender, sage, rosemary, wild thyme and Artemisia are common garigue plants.

Quercus ilex

holm oakholm oaksholly oak
Aside from dense thickets of kermes oak that punctuate the garigue landscape, juniper and stunted holm oaks are the typical trees; aromatic lime-tolerant shrubs such as lavender, sage, rosemary, wild thyme and Artemisia are common garigue plants.

Salvia officinalis

sagecommon sagegarden sage
Aside from dense thickets of kermes oak that punctuate the garigue landscape, juniper and stunted holm oaks are the typical trees; aromatic lime-tolerant shrubs such as lavender, sage, rosemary, wild thyme and Artemisia are common garigue plants.