Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders

Dr John Garton, of the firm of Garton Brothers of Newton-le-Willows in the United Kingdom was the Originator of Scientific Farm Plant Breeding.wikipedia
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Plant breeding

breedingplant breederplant biotechnology
In 1898 the business became known as Gartons Limited and, under the inspired commercial leadership of George Peddie Miln, was to become the British Empire's largest plant breeding and seed company.
Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders in England was established in the 1890s by John Garton, who was one of the first to commercialize new varieties of agricultural crops created through cross-pollination.

Barnaby Miln

He left Gartons Limited in 1973 to join his elder son, Barnaby Miln, who had trained at Gartons and later with Northrup-King in Minneapolis before setting up his own seed business at Bodenham in Herefordshire.
His father, grandfather and great grandfather were each in their time managing director of the largest agricultural plant breeding and seed company in the United Kingdom, Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders plc.

Sugar beet

sugar beetsbeet sugarsugarbeet
Sugar Beet Varieties:
Sugar beet seed from France was listed in the annual catalogues of Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders from that firm's inception in 1898 until the first of their own varieties was introduced in 1909.

Newton-le-Willows

NewtonEarlestownNewton-in-Makerfield
Dr John Garton, of the firm of Garton Brothers of Newton-le-Willows in the United Kingdom was the Originator of Scientific Farm Plant Breeding.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
Dr John Garton, of the firm of Garton Brothers of Newton-le-Willows in the United Kingdom was the Originator of Scientific Farm Plant Breeding.

Seed company

seed companiesseedseed business
In 1898 the business became known as Gartons Limited and, under the inspired commercial leadership of George Peddie Miln, was to become the British Empire's largest plant breeding and seed company.

London Stock Exchange

LSELondonStock Exchange
A public company from the start, its shares were traded on the London Stock Exchange from 1947.

Lancashire

LancasterLancastrianCounty Palatine of Lancaster
John Garton and his two brothers, Robert and Thomas, were in business with their father, Peter, in Golborne and Newton-le-Willows in Lancashire, England, as corn and agricultural merchants.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
John Garton and his two brothers, Robert and Thomas, were in business with their father, Peter, in Golborne and Newton-le-Willows in Lancashire, England, as corn and agricultural merchants.

Dundee

Dundee City council areaCity of DundeeDundee City
He attracted the friendship and encouragement of a young Scottish seedsman, George Peddie Miln (1861–1928) who had trained in Dundee and was seed manager of Dicksons Limited of Chester.

Chester

City of ChesterChester, EnglandDeva
He attracted the friendship and encouragement of a young Scottish seedsman, George Peddie Miln (1861–1928) who had trained in Dundee and was seed manager of Dicksons Limited of Chester.

Royal Agricultural Society of England

Royal Agricultural SocietyBledisloe Gold MedalBledisloe Gold Medal for Landowners
Generous publicity followed in the press, together with the publication of articles by botanists in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, and in the Transactions of the Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland in 1894 and 1898.

Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland

Highland SocietyHighland Society of EdinburghEdinburgh
Generous publicity followed in the press, together with the publication of articles by botanists in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, and in the Transactions of the Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland in 1894 and 1898.

University of Edinburgh

EdinburghEdinburgh UniversityThe University of Edinburgh
Professor Robert Wallace (1853–1939) of the University of Edinburgh said 'Under the system originated by Mr John Garton an infinite number of new and distinct breeds of oats, barleys, wheats, clovers and grasses have been produced'.

Warrington

Borough of WarringtonWarrington, CheshireWarrington Borough Council
It was based in Warrington.

Remuneration

compensationemolumentemoluments
The Garton Lectureship still exists as a biennial award to promising young lecturers in the School of Agriculture but is without emoluments and is no longer tied to colonial agriculture.

Mark A. Carleton

Mark Alfred CarletonMark Carleton
Their production of cereals - oats in particular - was appreciated as internationally important during the latter quarter of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth; (The American wheat breeder) Mark Carleton visited them in 1898 and was reportedly astonished at their work, Garton varieties were widely exported throughout the British Empire (then by far and away the world's largest political unit) and the United States.

Willet M. Hays

Professor Willet Hays
In 1903 Professor Willet M. Hays (1859–1927) of the Agricultural Experiment Station in Minnesota, USA said 'No one has done more brilliant work in Agricultural Plant Breeding than Messrs.

Minnesota

MNState of MinnesotaMinnesota, USA
In 1903 Professor Willet M. Hays (1859–1927) of the Agricultural Experiment Station in Minnesota, USA said 'No one has done more brilliant work in Agricultural Plant Breeding than Messrs.

Oat

oatsaveninAvena sativa
The firm's first historic introduction was 'Abundance' oat, the world's first agricultural plant variety bred from a controlled cross, introduced to commerce in 1892.

Barley

malting barleysix-row barleyH. vulgare
'Standwell' barley, introduced in 1898, the first barley bred from a controlled cross.

Wheat

cornTriticumdwarf wheat
'White Monarch' wheat, introduced in 1899, the first wheat bred from a controlled cross.

Trifolium pratense

red cloverpratensered clover (''Trifolium pratense'')
Perennialized red clover, introduced in 1898, the first controlled cross clover.

Lolium multiflorum

Italian ryegrassryegrass
Perennialized Italian ryegrass, introduced in 1907, the first controlled cross pasture grass.

Winter wheat

spring wheathard red winter wheatTurkey Red hard winter wheat
'Apex' winter wheat, introduced in 1967, the first wheat to be granted plant breeders' rights in the United Kingdom.