Gaspee Affair

Gaspée AffairGaspeeGaspee'' AffairGaspée'' AffairWilliam Dudingstonburning of the ''Gaspeeattack and destroyattackedburned HMS ''Gaspeecaptured and burned a British ship
The Gaspee Affair was a significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution.wikipedia
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American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
The Gaspee Affair was a significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution.
Protests steadily escalated to the Boston Massacre in 1770 and the burning of the Gaspee in Rhode Island in 1772, followed by the Boston Tea Party in December 1773.

Warwick, Rhode Island

WarwickWarwick, RIShawomet
It ran aground in shallow water while chasing the packet ship Hannah on June 9 near Gaspee Point in Warwick, Rhode Island.
It was decimated during King Philip's War (1675–76) and was the site of the Gaspee Affair, the first act of armed resistance against the British, preceding even the Boston Tea Party, and a significant prelude to the American Revolution.

John Brown (Rhode Island)

John BrownJohnBrown family
A group of men led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown attacked, boarded, and torched the ship.
He was active in the American Revolution, notably as an instigator of the 1772 Gaspee Affair, and he served in both state and national government.

Abraham Whipple

Whipple
A group of men led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown attacked, boarded, and torched the ship.
In 1772, Whipple sank the first British ship of the American Revolution, the British schooner Gaspee, in the Gaspée Affair.

Townshend Acts

Townsend ActsTownshend ActTownshend duties
But Rhode Islanders increasingly protested the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, and other British impositions that had clashed with the colony's history of rum manufacturing, maritime trade, and slave trading.
American resentment, corrupt British officials, and abusive enforcement spurred colonial attacks on British ships, including the burning of the Gaspee in 1772.

Joseph Wanton

He arrived in Rhode Island in February and met with Governor Joseph Wanton.
With the American Revolutionary War on the horizon, he was involved with a large array of issues and incidents, most notably the Gaspee Affair in 1772, where he played an important role in thwarting the crown from finding the members of the group of colonists that boarded and burned the royal schooner Gaspee.

Gaspee Point

It ran aground in shallow water while chasing the packet ship Hannah on June 9 near Gaspee Point in Warwick, Rhode Island.
Gaspee Point was the site of one of the first acts of hostility in the American Revolution when the British Royal Navy vessel HMS Gaspee was grounded there on June 9, 1772 in what became known as the Gaspée Affair.

Darius Sessions

On March 21, Rhode Island Deputy Governor Darius Sessions wrote to Governor Wanton regarding Lieutenant Dudingston, and he requested that the basis of Dudingston's authority be examined.
He was heavily involved in moderating the effects of the Gaspee affair, and was instrumental in keeping the perpetrators from being identified.

Stephen Hopkins (politician)

Stephen HopkinsGovernor Stephen HopkinsStephen
In the letter, Sessions includes the opinion of Chief Justice Stephen Hopkins, who argues that "no commander of any vessel has any right to use any authority in the Body of the Colony without previously applying to the Governor and showing his warrant for so doing."
In 1770, Hopkins once again became Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court and, during this tenure, became a principal player in the colony's handling of the 1772 Gaspee Affair, when a group of irate Rhode Island citizens boarded a British revenue vessel and burned it to the waterline.

Boston Massacre

Patrick CarrBoston "massacreBoston Massacre trial
The event increased tensions between the American colonists and British officials, following the Boston Massacre in 1770.
Later events such as the Gaspee Affair and the Boston Tea Party further illustrated the crumbling relationship between Britain and its colonies.

Committees of correspondence

Committee of CorrespondenceBoston Committee of Correspondencea committee of correspondence
Nonetheless, colonial Whigs were alarmed at the prospect of Americans being sent to England for trial, and a committee of correspondence was formed in Boston to consult on the crisis.
In Massachusetts, in November 1772, Samuel Adams and Dr. Joseph Warren and Mercy Otis Warren formed a committee in response to the Gaspée Affair and in relation to the recent British decision to have the salaries of the royal governor and judges be paid by the Crown rather than the colonial assembly, which removed the colony of its means of holding public officials accountable to their constituents.

Historiography of the Gaspee affair

Historiography of the ''Gaspee'' Affair
The historiography of the Gaspee affair examines the changing views of scholars with regard to the Gaspee affair of 1772.

Narragansett Bay

Narraganset BayNarrangansett BayNarragansett
The enforcements became increasingly intrusive and aggressive in Narragansett Bay; Rhode Islanders finally responded by attacking in 1764, and they burned the customs ship in 1768 on Goat Island in Newport harbor.
The Gaspee Affair was an important naval event which moved the thirteen colonies toward the American Revolution.

Providence, Rhode Island

ProvidenceProvidence, RIProvidence, R.I.
There is also a plaque in the front of a parking lot on South Main Street in Providence, Rhode Island identifying the location of the Sabin Tavern, where the plot was planned to burn the Gaspee.
Providence residents were among the first Patriots to spill blood in the lead-up to the American Revolutionary War during the Gaspee Affair of 1772, and Rhode Island was the first of the Thirteen Colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown on May 4, 1776.

American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican Revolution
In 1772, colonists in Rhode Island boarded and burned a customs schooner.

John Allen (minister)

John Allen
The Rev. John Allen preached a sermon at the Second Baptist Church in Boston which utilized the Gaspee affair to warn listeners about greedy monarchs, corrupt judges, and conspiracies in the London government.
1741/2 – sometime in the 1780s), although not well-connected with colonial patriots in British North America, had an enormous impact on re-igniting the tensions within the Empire in 1772 when he mentioned the Gaspée Affair and the Royal Commission of Inquiry seven times in his Thanksgiving Day sermon at Second Baptist Church in Boston.

Pawtuxet Village

PawtuxetPawtuxet, Rhode IslandPawtuxet Falls
Pawtuxet Village commemorates the Gaspee affair each year with Gaspee Days.
This was America's "First Blow for Freedom", known as the Gaspee Affair, and led directly to the establishment of permanent Committees of Correspondence, unifying the individual colonies, and starting the process of the American Revolution.

Schooner

schoonerstopsail schoonerschooner-rigged
HMS Gaspee was a British customs schooner that had been enforcing the Navigation Acts in and around Newport, Rhode Island in 1772.

Navigation Acts

Navigation ActActs of Trade and Navigationsecond Navigation Act
HMS Gaspee was a British customs schooner that had been enforcing the Navigation Acts in and around Newport, Rhode Island in 1772.

Newport, Rhode Island

NewportNewport, RINewport, R.I.
HMS Gaspee was a British customs schooner that had been enforcing the Navigation Acts in and around Newport, Rhode Island in 1772.

Packet boat

packet shippacketmail steamer
It ran aground in shallow water while chasing the packet ship Hannah on June 9 near Gaspee Point in Warwick, Rhode Island.

Stamp Act 1765

Stamp ActStamp Act of 17651765 Stamp Act
But Rhode Islanders increasingly protested the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, and other British impositions that had clashed with the colony's history of rum manufacturing, maritime trade, and slave trading.

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea PartyTea Partytea was thrown into the harbor
This event and others in Narragansett Bay marked the first acts of violent uprising against the British crown's authority in America, preceding the Boston Tea Party by more than a year and moving the Thirteen Colonies as a whole toward the war for independence.

Thirteen Colonies

American coloniescoloniescolonial
This event and others in Narragansett Bay marked the first acts of violent uprising against the British crown's authority in America, preceding the Boston Tea Party by more than a year and moving the Thirteen Colonies as a whole toward the war for independence.