Gastric lavage

stomach pumpstomachs pumpedstomach pumpedstomach pumpingpump her stomachstomach-pumpEwald tubesGastric aspiration and or lavagegastric decompressiongastrointestinal lavage
Gastric lavage, also commonly called stomach pumping or gastric irrigation, is the process of cleaning out the contents of the stomach.wikipedia
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Therapeutic irrigation

lavageirrigationirrigated
Gastric lavage, also commonly called stomach pumping or gastric irrigation, is the process of cleaning out the contents of the stomach.

Poison

poisonouspoisonstoxic substances
Such devices are normally used on a person who has ingested a poison or overdosed on a drug such as Methyl alcohol

Drug overdose

overdoseoverdosingoverdosed
Such devices are normally used on a person who has ingested a poison or overdosed on a drug such as Methyl alcohol
Gastric lavage, syrup of ipecac, and whole bowel irrigation are rarely used.

Hyperthermia

heat stresshyperthermicheat stroke
It can also be used as a cooling technique for hyperthermic patients.
In a hospital, more aggressive cooling measures are available, including intravenous hydration, gastric lavage with iced saline, and even hemodialysis to cool the blood.

Duodenal atresia

Lavage is also the initial treatment for duodenal atresia in newborns, a condition where the small intestine is closed distal to the stomach, causing food and fluid to accumulate in the stomach.
Early treatment includes removing fluids from the stomach via a nasogastric tube, and providing fluids intravenously.

Stomach

gastriccardiafundus
Gastric lavage, also commonly called stomach pumping or gastric irrigation, is the process of cleaning out the contents of the stomach.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
Such devices are normally used on a person who has ingested a poison or overdosed on a drug such as Methyl alcohol

Methanol

methyl alcoholwood alcoholCH 3 OH
Such devices are normally used on a person who has ingested a poison or overdosed on a drug such as Methyl alcohol

Surgery

surgicalsurgeonsurgical procedure
. They may also be used before surgery, to clear the contents of the digestive tract before it is opened.

Gastrointestinal tract

intestinegastrointestinaldigestive tract
. They may also be used before surgery, to clear the contents of the digestive tract before it is opened.

Hematemesis

haematemesisvomiting bloodvomiting of blood
It may play a role in the evaluation of hematemesis.

Hyponatremia

Hyponatraemialow blood sodiumlow blood sodium levels
In children, normal saline is used, as children are more at risk of developing hyponatremia if lavaged with water. Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Intubation

intubatedendotracheal intubationintubate
If the patient is unconscious or cannot protect their airway then the patient should be intubated before performing lavage.

Medical emergency

medical emergenciesemergencyemergencies
When the body temperature rises above 40 °C, gastric lavage with iced saline also can be an aggressive cooling measure in a medical emergency.

Contraindication

contraindicatedcontraindicationscontraindicate
Lavage is contraindicated when patients have a compromised, unprotected airway and in patients at risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage or perforation.

Bleeding

hemorrhagehaemorrhagehemorrhaging
Lavage is contraindicated when patients have a compromised, unprotected airway and in patients at risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage or perforation.

Antidote

antidotesalexipharmicAlexiterial
Relative contraindications include when the poisoning is due to a corrosive substance (strong acids or strong bases), hydrocarbons, or for poisons that have an effective antidote.

Aspiration pneumonia

aspirationaspiration pneumonitisaspirated
The most dangerous risk is aspiration pneumonia, which is more likely to occur if hydrocarbons are ingested in patients without a protected airway.

Laryngospasm

laryngeal spasmlaryngospasmsSpasms of the larynx
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Hypoxia (medical)

hypoxiahypoxicanoxia
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Bradycardia

slow heart rateslowed heart ratebradyarrhythmia
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Nosebleed

epistaxisnosebleedsnose bleeds
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Hypochloremia

hypochloremicchlorideHypochloraemia
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Water intoxication

water poisoningoverhydrationcan be dangerous
Other complications include laryngospasm, hypoxia, bradycardia, epistaxis, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, water intoxication, or mechanical injury to the stomach.

Alcohol intoxication

drunkdrunkennessintoxicated
Gastric lavage and activated charcoal have not been found to be useful.