A report on St. Louis and Gateway Arch

The St. Louis riverfront after demolition
The home of Auguste Chouteau in St. Louis. Chouteau and Pierre Laclède founded St. Louis in 1764.
Saarinen working with a model of the arch in 1957
In 1780 during the American Revolutionary War, St. Louis was attacked by British forces, mostly Native American allies, in the Battle of St. Louis.
Arch construction in June 1965.
White men pose, 104 Locust Street, St. Louis, Missouri, in 1852 at Lynch's slave market.
The dedication plaque
City of St. Louis and Riverfront, 1874
The windows of the observation deck are located around the apex of the arch.
South Broadway after a May 27, 1896, tornado
The arch is a weighted catenary—its legs are wider than its upper section.
The Government Building at the 1904 World's Fair
The arch illuminated in pink in honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month
View of the Arch (completed 1965) from Laclede's Landing, the remaining section of St. Louis's commercial riverfront
The arch's lighting system
Wainwright Building (1891), an important early skyscraper designed by Louis Sullivan
Southern entrance to the subterranean visitor center
A cluster of skyscrapers is located just west of the Gateway Arch and the Mississippi River.
Inside the visitor center
Many houses in Lafayette Square are built with a blending of Greek Revival, Federal and Italianate styles.
Observation area on top of the Gateway Arch
French style houses in Lafayette Square
Interior of the tram capsule in the Gateway Arch
The Delmar Loop is a neighborhood close to Washington University, on the border of the city and St. Louis County.
North stairs and tram descending from observation platform
Rivers in the St. Louis area
A view of the city of St. Louis from the observation room of the St. Louis Arch
The Captains' Return statue inundated by the Mississippi River, 2010.
A young boy is looking out one of the observation windows at the city of St. Louis. Busch Stadium can be seen through the window.
Tower Grove Park in spring
A view of the Mississippi River from the observation room of the St. Louis Arch.
The Missouri Botanical Garden
The arch in September 2007
Map of racial distribution in St. Louis, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Aerial shot of the arch
Pruitt–Igoe was a large housing project constructed in 1954, which became infamous for poverty, crime and segregation. It was demolished in 1972.
The Gateway Arch as seen from southern leg
The Anheuser-Busch packaging plant in St. Louis
The Arch sits just above the Mississippi River
Barnes-Jewish Hospital, which is affiliated with the Washington University School of Medicine
Welds on the arch's skin seal gaps between 4-by-8-foot sheets of stainless steel. Graffiti is scratched on the lower five to seven feet of the monument.
The Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis
The St. Louis Art Museum in Forest Park
Busch Stadium in downtown St. Louis
The Enterprise Center in downtown St. Louis
The Sinquefield Cup chess tournament is hosted annually in St. Louis
Forest Park features a variety of attractions, including the St. Louis Zoo, the St. Louis Art Museum, the Missouri History Museum, and the St. Louis Science Center.
The Jewel Box, a greenhouse and event venue in Forest Park
St. Louis Mayor Tishaura Jones in 2017
Brookings Hall at Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis University High School was founded in 1818. Their current building pictured here was built in 1924.
The former St. Louis Post-Dispatch building in downtown St. Louis
Interstate 64 crossing the Mississippi in Downtown St. Louis
St. Louis MetroLink Red Line train leaving St. Louis Union Station
University City-Big Bend Subway Station along the Blue Line, near Washington University.
Control tower and main terminal at St. Louis Lambert
An eastbound Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis freight train passing under the Hampton Avenue viaduct.
Bus passing under the St. Louis Science Center walkway

The Gateway Arch is a 630 ft monument in St. Louis, Missouri, United States.

- Gateway Arch

Among the city's notable sights is the 630 ft Gateway Arch in Downtown St. Louis, the St. Louis Zoo, the Missouri Botanical Garden, the Saint Louis Art Museum, and Bellefontaine Cemetery and Arboretum.

- St. Louis

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The Gateway Arch

Gateway Arch National Park

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The Gateway Arch
The Old Courthouse from the observation area at the top of the arch
The Missouri state quarter depicting the Gateway Arch and the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Gateway Arch National Park is an American national park located in St. Louis, Missouri, near the starting point of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

The immediate surroundings of the Gateway Arch were initially designated the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (a national memorial) by executive order on December 21, 1935.

Mississippi River

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Second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

Second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

The beginning of the Mississippi River at Lake Itasca (2004)
Former head of navigation, St. Anthony Falls, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Confluence of the Wisconsin and Mississippi Rivers, viewed from Wyalusing State Park in Wisconsin
The Upper Mississippi River at its confluence with the Missouri River north of St. Louis
The confluence of the Mississippi (left) and Ohio (right) rivers at Cairo, Illinois, the demarcation between the Middle and the Lower Mississippi River
Lower Mississippi River near New Orleans
Map of the Mississippi River watershed
Sequence of NASA MODIS images showing the outflow of fresh water from the Mississippi (arrows) into the Gulf of Mexico (2004)
View along the former riverbed at the Tennessee/Arkansas state line near Reverie, Tennessee (2007)
In Minnesota, the Mississippi River runs through the Twin Cities (2007)
Community of boathouses on the Mississippi River in Winona, MN (2006)
The Mississippi River at the Chain of Rocks just north of St. Louis (2005)
A low-water dam deepens the pool above the Chain of Rocks Lock near St. Louis (2006)
The Stone Arch Bridge, the Third Avenue Bridge and the Hennepin Avenue Bridge in Minneapolis (2004)
The Dubuque-Wisconsin Bridge (2004)
The Chain of Rocks Bridge at St. Louis, Missouri
The Hernando de Soto Bridge in Memphis, Tennessee (2009)
Vicksburg Bridge
Towboat and barges at Memphis, Tennessee
Ships on the lower part of the Mississippi
Oil tanker on the Lower Mississippi near the Port of New Orleans
Barge on the Lower Mississippi River
Lock and Dam No. 11, north of Dubuque, Iowa (2007)
Lock and Dam No. 2, near Hastings, Minnesota (2007)
Lock and Dam No. 15, is the largest roller dam in the world Davenport, Iowa; Rock Island, Illinois. (1990)
Formation of the Atchafalaya River and construction of the Old River Control Structure.
Project design flood flow capacity for the Mississippi river in thousands of cubic feet per second.
Soldiers of the Missouri Army National Guard sandbag the River in Clarksville, Missouri, June 2008, following flooding.
Discovery of the Mississippi by De Soto A.D. 1541 by William Henry Powell depicts Hernando de Soto and Spanish Conquistadores seeing the Mississippi River for the first time.
Map of the French settlements (blue) in North America in 1750, before the French and Indian War (1754 to 1763).
Ca. 1681 map of Marquette and Jolliet's 1673 expedition.
Route of the Marquette-Jolliete Expedition of 1673
A Home on the Mississippi (1871)
Shifting sand bars made early navigation difficult.
Battle of Vicksburg (ca. 1888)
Mississippi River from Eunice, Arkansas, a settlement destroyed by gunboats during the Civil War.
Campsite at the river in Arkansas
The Old River Control Structure complex. View is to the east-southeast, looking downriver on the Mississippi, with the three dams across channels of the Atchafalaya River to the right of the Mississippi. Concordia Parish, Louisiana is in the foreground, on the right, and Wilkinson County, Mississippi, is in the background, across the Mississippi on the left.
Great River Road in Wisconsin near Lake Pepin (2005)
The American paddlefish is an ancient relict from the Mississippi
The source of the Mississippi River at Lake Itasca

This is symbolized by the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the phrase "Trans-Mississippi" as used in the name of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition.

From its origin at Lake Itasca to St. Louis, Missouri, the waterway's flow is moderated by 43 dams.

Basilica in June 2011

Basilica of St. Louis, King of France

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Basilica in June 2011
The first Catholic church in St. Louis, built in 1770, and replaced by the current structure
Main altar in marble with copy of Diego Velazquez's The Crucifixion
Gateway Arch and Old Cathedral

The Basilica of Saint Louis, King of France (Cathédrale Saint-Louis-Roi-de-France de Saint-Louis), formerly the Cathedral of Saint Louis, and colloquially the Old Cathedral, was the first cathedral west of the Mississippi River and until 1845 the only parish church in the city of St. Louis, Missouri.

Because of the historical significance of the church, it was left intact while all neighboring buildings were demolished to make way for the Gateway Arch and related park.

Eero Saarinen

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Finnish-American architect and industrial designer noted for his wide-ranging array of designs for buildings and monuments.

Finnish-American architect and industrial designer noted for his wide-ranging array of designs for buildings and monuments.

Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri
Washington Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C.
Kleinhans Music Hall in Symphony Circle, Buffalo, New York
TWA Flight Center at JFK International Airport
Tulip chair and seat cushion, designed 1956, Brooklyn Museum
Womb Chair, Model No. 70, designed 1947–1948, Brooklyn Museum

Saarinen is best known for designing the Washington Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C., the TWA Flight Center (now TWA Hotel) in New York City, and the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri.

Map of the 1904 World's Fair, held in Forest Park

Forest Park (St. Louis)

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Map of the 1904 World's Fair, held in Forest Park
The Great Forest Park Balloon Race is an annual hot air balloon competition and show
The 1904 Flight Cage, an aviary in the St. Louis Zoo
The Missouri History Museum opened in Forest Park in 1913.
The Jewel Box, a greenhouse and event venue
The bandstand in Pagoda Circle
Clocktower at Dennis and Judith Jones Visitor and Education Center
Government Hill in Forest Park is home to the World's Fair Pavilion
Imaginative drawing by journalist Marguerite Martyn at the Forest Park Golf Course in 1914, with a man showing a woman how to hold a golf club while a caddie leans against a tree
The Highlands Golf & Tennis in 2020.
Round Lake in Forest Park features a large fountain, 2008.
Cabanne House, also known as the Forest Park Headquarters Building
The Apotheosis of St. Louis, a statue of French King Louis IX
Underlit fountain at Forest Park
Fireworks at the annual Balloon Glow in Forest Park
Wine Tasting event at Forest Park
A footbridge in Forest Park
The Easter car show on the lower Muny parking lot

Forest Park is a public park in western St. Louis, Missouri.

Fair St. Louis was held for the first time here in 2014, due to renovations at the Gateway Arch grounds, which presents new opportunities for the fair.

Enterprise Center in 2005

Enterprise Center

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Enterprise Center in 2005
Interior of the Enterprise Center (then the Scottrade Center) during a Blues game
Exterior of the then-Scottrade Center

Enterprise Center is an 18,096-seat arena located in downtown St. Louis, Missouri, United States.

Since 1995, Enterprise Center has hosted the Missouri Valley Conference Men's Basketball Tournament, commonly referred to as Arch Madness.

Metro Transit (St. Louis)

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Enterprise of Bi-State Development, an interstate compact formed by Missouri and Illinois in 1949.

Enterprise of Bi-State Development, an interstate compact formed by Missouri and Illinois in 1949.

Its operating budget in 2016 was $280 million, which is funded by sales taxes from the City of St. Louis and St. Louis County, the St. Clair County Illinois Transit District, federal and state grants and subsidies, and through fare paying passengers.

Bi-State Development also owns and operates St. Louis Downtown Airport (formerly Parks) and the adjoining industrial business park, paddlewheel-style river excursion boats, and the tram system leading to the top of the Gateway Arch.

St. Louis Community College

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St. Louis Community College (STLCC) is a public community college in St. Louis, Missouri.

The teams are known as the Archers (named for, and the athletic teams' logo incorporates, the Gateway Arch) and participate in the Missouri Community College Athletic Conference (MCCAC).