# Gauss (unit)

**gaussGkGMegagausskilogaussmicroGaussMilligauss**

The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).wikipedia

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### Oersted

**megagauss oerstedsOeOERSTEDS**

According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H.

In the CGS system, the unit of the H-field is the oersted and the unit of the B‑field is the gauss.

### Gaussian units

**Gaussiancgs-Gaussian unitsGaussian-cgs units**

According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H. The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).

### Magnetic field

**magnetic fieldsmagneticmagnetic flux density**

According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

is measured in gauss (symbol: G).

### Earth's magnetic field

**geomagnetismgeomagneticgeomagnetic field**

The magnitude of the Earth's magnetic field at its surface ranges from 25 to 65 microteslas (0.25 to 0.65 gauss).

### Carl Friedrich Gauss

**GaussCarl GaussCarl Friedrich Gauß**

It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter.

### Tesla (unit)

**teslaTteslas**

The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density. One tesla (T) is equal to 10 4 gauss, and one ampere (A) per meter is equal to 4π × 10 −3 oersted.

### Centimetre–gram–second system of units

**CGScgs unitsCGS unit**

The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density.

### Maxwell (unit)

**maxwellMx**

It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Neodymium magnet

**neodymium magnetsneodymiumSupermagnet**

This gives the Nd 2 Fe 14 B compound a high saturation magnetization (J s ≈ 1.6T or 16kG) and a remnant magnetization of typically 1.3 teslas.

### Magnetar

**magnetarscigar shapedetected in March 1979**

A magnetar is a type of neutron star believed to have an extremely powerful magnetic field (∼10 13 to 10 15 G, ∼10 9 to 10 11 T).

### SGR J1745-2900

**PSR J1745-2900**

The magnetar has a period of 3.76 s and a magnetic field of ∼ 10 14 G (10 10 T).

### Magnetic flux

**fluxfluxes definition of flux used in electromagnetism**

The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B). The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Electromagnetic induction

**inductionmagnetic inductioninduced**

The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).

### Centimetre

**cmcentimetercentimeters**

It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter.

### Ampere

**AmAamp**

One tesla (T) is equal to 10 4 gauss, and one ampere (A) per meter is equal to 4π × 10 −3 oersted.

### Integral

**integrationintegral calculusdefinite integral**

The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Area

**surface areaArea (geometry)area formula**

The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Weber (unit)

**weberWbwebers**

The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### International System of Units

**SISI unitsSI unit**

The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Flux

**flux densityion fluxflow**

The conversion factor is 10 8, since flux is the integral of field over an area, area having the units of the square of distance, thus 10 4 (magnetic field conversion factor) times the square of 10 2 (linear distance conversion factor, i.e., centimetres per meter).

### Molecular cloud

**giant molecular cloudmolecular cloudsmolecular gas**

### Earth's outer core

**outer corecoreEarth's core**

### Refrigerator magnet

**fridge magnetfridge magnetsrefrigerator magnets**