# Gauss (unit)

gaussGkGMegagausskilogaussmicroGaussMilligauss
The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).wikipedia
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### Oersted

megagauss oerstedsOeOERSTEDS
According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H.
In the CGS system, the unit of the H-field is the oersted and the unit of the B‑field is the gauss.

### Gaussian units

Gaussiancgs-Gaussian unitsGaussian-cgs units
According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H. The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).

### Magnetic field

magnetic fieldsmagneticmagnetic flux density
According to the system of Gaussian units (cgs), the gauss is the unit of magnetic flux density B and the equivalent of Mx/cm 2, while the oersted is the unit of magnetizing field H. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.
is measured in gauss (symbol: G).

### Earth's magnetic field

geomagnetismgeomagneticgeomagnetic field
The magnitude of the Earth's magnetic field at its surface ranges from 25 to 65 microteslas (0.25 to 0.65 gauss).

### Carl Friedrich Gauss

GaussCarl GaussCarl Friedrich Gauß
It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936.    One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter.

### Tesla (unit)

teslaTteslas
The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density. One tesla (T) is equal to 10 4 gauss, and one ampere (A) per meter is equal to 4π × 10 −3 oersted.

### Centimetre–gram–second system of units

CGScgs unitsCGS unit
The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density.

### Maxwell (unit)

maxwellMx
It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936.    One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Neodymium magnet

neodymium magnetsneodymiumSupermagnet
This gives the Nd 2 Fe 14 B compound a high saturation magnetization (J s ≈ 1.6T or 16kG) and a remnant magnetization of typically 1.3 teslas.

### Magnetar

magnetarscigar shapedetected in March 1979
A magnetar is a type of neutron star believed to have an extremely powerful magnetic field (∼10 13 to 10 15 G, ∼10 9 to 10 11 T).

### SGR J1745-2900

PSR J1745-2900
The magnetar has a period of 3.76 s and a magnetic field of ∼ 10 14 G (10 10 T).

### Magnetic flux

fluxfluxes definition of flux used in electromagnetism
The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B). The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Electromagnetic induction

inductionmagnetic inductioninduced
The gauss, symbol G, sometimes Gs, is the cgs unit of measurement of magnetic flux density (or "magnetic induction") (B).

### Centimetre

cmcentimetercentimeters
It was named after German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936.    One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimeter.

### Ampere

AmAamp
One tesla (T) is equal to 10 4 gauss, and one ampere (A) per meter is equal to 4π × 10 −3 oersted.

### Integral

integrationintegral calculusdefinite integral
The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Area

surface areaArea (geometry)area formula
The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Weber (unit)

weberWbwebers
The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### International System of Units

SISI unitsSI unit
The cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), which uses the tesla (symbol T) as the unit of magnetic flux density. The units for magnetic flux Φ, which is the integral of magnetic field over an area, are the weber (Wb) in the SI and the maxwell (Mx) in the cgs system.

### Flux

flux densityion fluxflow
The conversion factor is 10 8, since flux is the integral of field over an area, area having the units of the square of distance, thus 10 4 (magnetic field conversion factor) times the square of 10 2 (linear distance conversion factor, i.e., centimetres per meter).

### Molecular cloud

giant molecular cloudmolecular cloudsmolecular gas