Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

BlücherGebhard von BlücherPrince Blüchervon BlücherMarshal BlücherBlucherField Marshal BlücherGeneral BlücherGeneral von BlücherGebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstatt
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt (16 December 1742 – 12 September 1819), Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst (sovereign prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal).wikipedia
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Battle of Waterloo

Waterloobattlethe Battle of Waterloo
He earned his greatest recognition after leading his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
A French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstatt.

Battle of Ligny

LignyBattles of Lignyfield of Ligny
At the Battle of Ligny, he was severely injured and the Prussians retreated. At the outset of the Waterloo Campaign of 1815 the Prussians sustained a serious defeat at Ligny (16 June), in the course of which the old field marshal lay trapped under his dead horse for several hours and was repeatedly ridden over by cavalry, his life saved only by the devotion of his aide-de-camp Count Nostitz, who threw a greatcoat over his commander in order to obscure Blücher's rank and identity from the passing French.
In this battle, French troops of the Armée du Nord under Napoleon's command, defeated part of a Prussian army under Field Marshal Prince Blücher, near Ligny in present-day Belgium.

List of honorary citizens of Berlin

honorary citizen of BerlinBerlinhonorary citizenship of the city of Berlin
Blücher was made an honorary citizen of Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock.
3) Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

Rostock

WarnemündeRostock-MarieneheMarienehe
Blücher was made an honorary citizen of Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock. Blücher was born in Rostock, the son of a retired army captain.
In nearby Lübeck-Ratekau, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, who was born in Rostock and who was one of few generals to fight on after defeat at the Battle of Jena, surrendered to the French in 1806.

Battle of Lübeck

LübeckRatekauCapture of Lubeck
Nevertheless, he was defeated by two French corps at the Battle of Lübeck on 6 November.
The Battle of Lübeck took place on 6 November 1806 in Lübeck, Germany between soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, who were retreating from defeat at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, and troops of the First French Empire under Marshals Murat, Bernadotte, and Soult, who were pursuing them.

Battle of Bautzen

Bautzenof Bautzenat Bautzen
War broke out between Prussia and France again in 1813 and Blücher returned to active service at the age of 71. He was appointed full general over the Prussian field forces and clashed with Napoleon at the Battles of Lützen and Bautzen.
The Prussians under Count Gebhard von Blücher and Russians under Prince Peter Wittgenstein, retreating after their defeat at Lützen were attacked by French forces under Napoleon.

List of honorary citizens of Hamburg

honorary citizen of Hamburghonorary citizenHonorary Citizenship of Hamburg
Blücher was made an honorary citizen of Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock.

Battle of Jena–Auerstedt

Jenabattle of JenaJena-Auerstedt
At the double Battle of Jena-Auerstedt, Blücher fought at Auerstedt, repeatedly leading the charges of the Prussian cavalry, but without success.
Several figures integral to the reformation of the Prussian Army participated at Jena–Auerstedt, including Gebhard von Blücher, Carl von Clausewitz, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Gerhard von Scharnhorst, and Hermann von Boyen.

Battle of Leipzig

LeipzigBattle of the NationsBattle of the Nations at Leipzig
He earned his greatest recognition after leading his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Following this, the Coalition forces, under individual command of Gebhard von Blücher, Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden, Karl von Schwarzenberg, and Count Benningsen of Russia, followed the strategy outlined in the Trachenberg Plan: they would avoid clashes with Napoleon, but seek confrontations with his marshals.

Battle of Prenzlau

Prenzlausurrender of PrenzlauCapitulation of Prenzlau
With the capitulation of the main body after the Battle of Prenzlau on 28 October, he found his march toward the north-east blocked.
Finding its way to the northeast blocked, a second corps of retreating Prussians under Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher veered northwest toward Lübeck.

Battle of Brienne

Briennedefeat at Brienne
The Battle of Brienne and the Battle of La Rothière were the chief incidents of the first stage of the celebrated 1814 campaign in north-east France, and they were quickly followed by victories of Napoleon over Blücher at Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Montmirail.
The Battle of Brienne (29 January 1814) saw an Imperial French army led by Emperor Napoleon I attack Prussian and Russian forces commanded by Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.

Karl Freiherr von Müffling

General von MüfflingKarl MüfflingBaron von Muffling
During the Summer truce, he worked on the organisation of the Prussian forces; when the war was resumed, he became commander-in-chief of the Army of Silesia, with August von Gneisenau and Karl von Müffling as his principal staff officers and 40,000 Prussians and 50,000 Russians under his command during the Autumn Campaign.
He served as Blücher's liaison officer in Wellington's headquarters during the Battle of Waterloo and was one of the organizers of the final victory over Napoleon.

Battle of Laon

Laon
But the courage of the Prussian leader was undiminished, and his victory against the vastly outnumbered French, at Laon (9 and 10 March) practically decided the fate of the campaign.
The Battle of Laon (9–10 March 1814) was the victory of Blücher's Prussian army over Napoleon's French army near Laon.

Battle of the Katzbach

Katzbachthe Katzbachimpromptu battle
Later he won a critical victory over the French at the Battle of Katzbach.
The Battle of the Katzbach on 26 August 1813, was a major battle of the Napoleonic Wars between the forces of the First French Empire under Marshal MacDonald and a Russo-Prussian army of the Sixth Coalition under Prussian Marshal Graf (Count) von Blücher.

Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross

Stern zum Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Along with Paul von Hindenburg, he was the highest-decorated Prussian-German soldier in history: Blücher and Hindenburg are the only German military officers to have been awarded the Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross.
It was awarded only twice, a century apart, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1815 for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, and to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in 1918 for his victory at the Battle of Tannenberg.

Battle of Champaubert

ChampaubertChamp-Aubert
The Battle of Brienne and the Battle of La Rothière were the chief incidents of the first stage of the celebrated 1814 campaign in north-east France, and they were quickly followed by victories of Napoleon over Blücher at Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Montmirail.
After defeating Emperor Napoleon at the Battle of La Rothière, the two main Allied armies under Austrian Field Marshal Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg and Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher separated.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
After Napoleon’s return in 1815, Blücher took command of the Prussian Army of the Lower Rhine and coordinated his force with that of the British and Allied forces under the Duke of Wellington.
During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the allied army which, together with a Prussian army under Blücher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo.

Waterloo Campaign

Waterloo1815 campaignadvance on Paris
At the outset of the Waterloo Campaign of 1815 the Prussians sustained a serious defeat at Ligny (16 June), in the course of which the old field marshal lay trapped under his dead horse for several hours and was repeatedly ridden over by cavalry, his life saved only by the devotion of his aide-de-camp Count Nostitz, who threw a greatcoat over his commander in order to obscure Blücher's rank and identity from the passing French.
The Anglo-allied army was commanded by the Duke of Wellington and the Prussian army by Prince Blücher.

Battle of Vauchamps

Vauchamps
The Battle of Brienne and the Battle of La Rothière were the chief incidents of the first stage of the celebrated 1814 campaign in north-east France, and they were quickly followed by victories of Napoleon over Blücher at Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Montmirail.
It resulted in a part of the Grande Armée under Napoleon I defeating a superior Prussian and Russian force of the Army of Silesia under Field-marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.

Embassy of the United States, Berlin

U.S. Embassy in BerlinU.S. EmbassyAmerican Embassy
The king also awarded him estates near Krieblowitz (now Krobielowice, Poland) in Lower Silesia and a grand mansion at 2, Pariser Platz in Berlin (which in 1930 became the Embassy of the United States, Berlin).
In 1930 the Blücher Palace, located on Pariser Platz, was purchased as a new and permanent home for the U.S. Embassy in Berlin.

Battle of Montmirail

Montmirailaction
The Battle of Brienne and the Battle of La Rothière were the chief incidents of the first stage of the celebrated 1814 campaign in north-east France, and they were quickly followed by victories of Napoleon over Blücher at Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Montmirail.
After Napoleon crushed Zakhar Dmitrievich Olsufiev's small isolated corps in the Battle of Champaubert on 10 February, he found himself in the midst of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher's widely-spread Army of Silesia.

Pour le Mérite

Blue MaxPour le mérite für Wissenschaften und KünsteOrdre pour le Mérite
In 1789, he received Prussia's highest military order, the Pour le Mérite, and in 1794 he became colonel of the Red Hussars.
Gebhard von Blücher, awarded on 4 June 1789, Napoleonic-era Prussian field marshal who led Prussian forces at the Battle of Waterloo

Battle of La Rothière

La RothièreLa Rothiere
The Battle of Brienne and the Battle of La Rothière were the chief incidents of the first stage of the celebrated 1814 campaign in north-east France, and they were quickly followed by victories of Napoleon over Blücher at Champaubert, Vauchamps, and Montmirail.
The French were led by Emperor Napoleon and the coalition army was under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher.

Hundred Days

Hundred Days CampaignWar of the Seventh CoalitionSeventh Coalition
However, the return of Napoleon from Elba and his entry into Paris at the start of the Hundred Days, called him back to service.
In the last week of February 1814, Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher advanced on Paris.

Prussian Army

PrussianArmyPrussian troops
He was captured by the Prussians in 1760 during the Pomeranian Campaign and thereafter joined the Prussian Army, serving as a hussar officer for Prussia during the remainder of the Seven Years' War.
While some Prussian commanders acquitted themselves well, such as L'Estocq at Eylau, Gneisenau at Kolberg, and Blücher at Lübeck, they were not enough to reverse Jena-Auerstedt.