Gehenna

GehinnomHinnomValley of HinnomGehinomHinnom Valleyvalley of the Son of HinnomBen-Hinnom ValleyGehenna (hellfire)GehennomHell
Gehenna is a small valley in Jerusalem.wikipedia
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Hell

eternal punishmentinfernoinfernal
This is different from the more neutral Sheol/Hades, the abode of the dead, although the King James Version of the Bible usually translates both with the Anglo-Saxon word "hell".
Upon the Christianization of the Germanic peoples, extension of Proto-Germanic *xaljō were reinterpreted to denote the underworld in Christian mythology, for which see Gehenna.

Underworld

netherworldrealm of the deadNether World
This is different from the more neutral Sheol/Hades, the abode of the dead, although the King James Version of the Bible usually translates both with the Anglo-Saxon word "hell".

Sheol

She'oldepthsShayol
This is different from the more neutral Sheol/Hades, the abode of the dead, although the King James Version of the Bible usually translates both with the Anglo-Saxon word "hell".
In some texts, Sheol is considered to be the home of both the dead righteous and wicked, separated into respective compartments until the Last Judgement (e.g. 1 Enoch 22; Luke 16:19-31); in others, it was considered a place of punishment, meant for the wicked dead alone, and is equated with Gehenna in the Talmud.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem, IsraelAl-QudsQuds
Gehenna is a small valley in Jerusalem.
The Kidron, Hinnom, and Tyropoeon Valleys intersect in an area just south of the Old City of Jerusalem.

Purgatory

purgatorialpurgationForsaken Soul
Gehenna is considered a purgatory-like place where the wicked go to suffer until they have atoned for their sins.
Some concepts of Gehenna in Judaism are similar to that of purgatory.

Moloch

MolechMilcomDelivering one's child to Moloch
J. Day, Heider, and Mosca believe that the Molech cult took place in the valley of Hinnom at the Topheth.

Mount Zion

Mount SionMt. ZionZion
The Valley of Hinnom is the modern name for the valley surrounding Jerusalem's Old City, including Mount Zion, from the west and south. Older commentaries give the location as below the southern wall of ancient Jerusalem, stretching from the foot of Mount Zion eastward past the Tyropoeon to the Kidron Valley.
At first it was linked to the Jewish neighborhood of Yemin Moshe across the Valley of Hinnom via a narrow tunnel, but eventually an alternative was needed to evacuate the wounded and transport supplies to soldiers on Mt. Zion.

Ketef Hinnom

amulets with these versesKetef Hinnom priestly blessingpaleo-Hebrew sacerdotal blessing
There is evidence however that the southwest shoulder of this valley (Ketef Hinnom) was a burial location with numerous burial chambers that were reused by generations of families from as early as the seventh until the fifth century BC.
Ketef Hinnom (, "shoulder of Hinnom") is an archaeological site southwest of the Old City of Jerusalem, adjacent to St. Andrew's Church, now on the grounds of the Menachem Begin Heritage Center.

Jeremiah 19

619:2chapter 19
Thereafter, it was deemed to be cursed (Book of Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2–6).

Tyropoeon Valley

TyropoeonCentral (aka Tyropoeon)Central Valley
Older commentaries give the location as below the southern wall of ancient Jerusalem, stretching from the foot of Mount Zion eastward past the Tyropoeon to the Kidron Valley.
Tyropoeon Valley (i.e., "Valley of the Cheesemakers") is the name given by Josephus the historian (Wars 5.140) to the valley or rugged ravine, in the Old City of Jerusalem, which in ancient times separated Mount Moriah from Mount Zion and emptied into the valley of Hinnom.

Second death

This may also include addition of the phrase "second death", as in the final chapter of the Book of Isaiah, where the Hebrew version does not mention either Gehinnom or the Second Death, whereas the Targums add both.
In most cases, the "second death" is identical with the judgment, following resurrection, in Gehinnom at the Last Day.

Meqabyan

1 Meqabyan2 MeqabyanEthiopian Maccabees
Frequent references to 'Gehenna' are also made in the books of Meqabyan, which are considered canonical in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.

Child sacrifice

sacrifice of childrenburned their children in the firechild
Child sacrifice at other Tophets contemporary with the Bible accounts (700–600 BC) of the reigns of Ahaz and Manasseh have been established, such as the bones of children sacrificed at the Tophet to the goddess Tank in Phoenician Carthage, and also child sacrifice in ancient Syria-Palestine.
The most extensive accounts of child sacrifice in the Hebrew Bible refer to those carried out in Gehenna by two kings of Judah, Ahaz and Manasseh.

Jeremiah 7

7:11Jeremiah 7:117
Thereafter, it was deemed to be cursed (Book of Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2–6).

Lake of fire

Hell firelake of "fire and brimstonelake of eternal fire
The Book of Revelation describes Hades being cast into the lake of fire.
In the biblical context, the concept seems analogous to the Jewish Gehenna, or the more common concept of Hell.

Gehenna (disambiguation)

Gehenna is a valley in Jerusalem, and an analogue of Hell or Lake of Fire in Jewish and Christian tradition.

Christian views on Hell

HellperditionHell in Christian beliefs
The most common New Testament term translated as "Hell" is γέεννα (gehenna), a direct loan of Hebrew גהנום/גהנם (ge-hinnom).

Christian views on Hades

HadesHades in Christianityafterlife
The New Testament also refers to Hades as a place distinct from Gehenna.
This space is divided into Paradise and Gehenna "but with an impassable gulf between the two".

Jahannam

Hellhell in the afterlifeHellfire
The name given to Hell in Islam, Jahannam, directly derives from Gehenna.
Others considered the entrance in the valley of Hinnom.

Matthew 5:22

5:22Raca22
In Greek the word used is Gehenna, it refers to a valley south of Jerusalem where there was an ever-burning rubbish fire, and where in the past human sacrifices were committed.

Tzoah Rotachat

boiled in excrementboiling excrementboiling in excrement
Tzoah Rotachat (Hebrew: צוֹאָה רוֹתֵחַת, tsoah rothachath – "boiling excrement") in the Talmud and Zohar is a location in Gehenna (Gehinnom) where the souls of Jews who committed certain sins are sent for punishment.

Matthew 5:29

5:2929
As with Matthew 5:22, the word translated in many versions as hell is Gehenna, and there is great debate about whether Jesus was talking about the physical valley of fire or an afterlife of damnation.

Annihilationism

annihilationannihilationistannihilation of the wicked
Annihilationist Christians, however, imagine Gehenna to be a place where "sinners" are tormented until they are eventually destroyed, soul and all.

Mark 9

, 99chapter 9
The original manuscripts use the term "τὴν γέενναν" (tēn geennan) Gehenna for Hell.

Jewish eschatology

World To ComeOlam Habaeschatological
According to the Talmud, there are also four people who do not get a share in Olam Ha-Ba.
The hereafter is known as olam ha-ba the "world to come", עולם הבא in Hebrew, and related to concepts of Gan Eden, the Heavenly "Garden in Eden", or paradise, and Gehinom.