General Register Office for England and Wales

Births and Deaths Registration Act 1836General Register OfficeRegistrar General for England and WalesRegistrar GeneralEngland and Wales Birth IndexregistrarRegistrar General of England and WalesRegistrar of Births & DeathsRegistrar-GeneralRegistrar-General in England and Wales
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers.wikipedia
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William Farr

Dr. William FarrFarr, WilliamDr W. Farr
Probably the most distinguished person associated with the GRO in the 19th century, although he was never its head, was William Farr.
In 1837 the General Register Office (GRO) took on the responsibility for the United Kingdom Census 1841.

Thomas Henry Lister

Although the GRO was not specifically established to undertake statistical research, the early Registrar Generals, Thomas Henry Lister (1836–42) and George Graham (1842–79), built up a Statistical Department to compile medical, public health and actuarial statistics.
Thomas Henry Lister (1800 – 5 June 1842) was an English novelist and Registrar General.

Civil registration

civil registryregisteredregistrar
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers.
In the United Kingdom, civil registration was first introduced with the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1836 which affected England and Wales.

HM Passport Office

Passport OfficeIdentity and Passport ServiceHer Majesty's Passport Office
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers. On 1 April 2008, the General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) became a subsidiary of the Identity and Passport Service (IPS), then an executive agency of the Home Office.
The General Register Office for England and Wales became a subsidiary of HMPO on 1 April 2008, and produces life event certificates such as birth, death, marriage and civil partnerships.

England and Wales

England & WalesEnglishEngland
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers.

Stillbirth

stillbornfetal deathstillbirths
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers.
Extracts from the register of still-births are restricted to those who have obtained consent from the Registrar General for England and Wales.

Home Office

Home AffairsHome DepartmentUK Home Office
On 1 April 2008, the General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) became a subsidiary of the Identity and Passport Service (IPS), then an executive agency of the Home Office.

Somerset House

Denmark HouseBrazil HouseLord Protector's house
From its beginnings in 1836, the General Register Office was based within the North Wing of Somerset House in London.
Its former accommodation was given over to a newly-established Government School of Design (which was much later to become the Royal College of Art); it remained in the complex from 1837 until, in 1853, the Registry of Births, Marriages and Deaths needed to expand its office space and the School relocated to Marlborough House.

Sylvanus Percival Vivian

Sir Sylvanus Percival Vivian
Sir Sylvanus Percival Vivian CB (October 1, 1880 in London – 1958) was the 7th Registrar General of England and Wales (1921–1945), and the longest serving Registrar General after George Graham.

Len Cook

Cook, LenLeonard Warren Cook
Leonard Warren Cook CBE (born 13 April 1949) is a professional statistician who was Government Statistician of New Zealand from 1992 to 2000 and National Statistician and Director of the Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom, and Registrar General for England and Wales from 2000 to 2005.

Reginald MacLeod of MacLeod

Reginald MacLeodReginaldSir Reginald MacLeod of MacLeod
In February 1900 he was appointed the fourth Registrar General, and in this role he presided over the 1901 census.

Karen Dunnell

Dame Karen DunnellDunnell, KarenKaren Hope Dunnell
Following the implementation of the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the role of Registrar-General for England and Wales, an ancient additional title, held by the National Statistician since the inception of ONS, was transferred, with the General Register Office for England and Wales, which she also headed, to the Identification and Passport Service in the Home Office

Civil union

civil unionscivil partnershipcivil partnerships
The General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) is the section of the United Kingdom HM Passport Office responsible for the civil registration of births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths in England and Wales and for those same events outside the UK if they involve a UK citizen and qualify to be registered in various miscellaneous registers. The GRO supplies copies of birth, marriage, civil partnership certificates and death certificates, either online or from one of the local register offices that act on behalf of the GRO.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
With a small number of historic exceptions involving military personnel, it does not deal with records of such events occurring within the land or territorial waters of Scotland, Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland; those entities' registration systems have always been separate from England and Wales.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishNIR
With a small number of historic exceptions involving military personnel, it does not deal with records of such events occurring within the land or territorial waters of Scotland, Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland; those entities' registration systems have always been separate from England and Wales.

Republic of Ireland

IrelandIrishRepublic
With a small number of historic exceptions involving military personnel, it does not deal with records of such events occurring within the land or territorial waters of Scotland, Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland; those entities' registration systems have always been separate from England and Wales.

Register office (United Kingdom)

register officeregistry officeregistrar
The GRO supplies copies of birth, marriage, civil partnership certificates and death certificates, either online or from one of the local register offices that act on behalf of the GRO.

Church of England

AnglicanChurchC of E
Baptisms, marriages and burials were recorded in parish registers maintained by Church of England (Anglican) clergy.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
However, with the great increase in nonconformity and the gradual relaxation of the laws against Catholics and other dissenters from the late 17th century, more and more baptisms, marriages and burials were going unrecorded in the registers of the Anglican Church.

Dissenter

Dissentersdissentingdissenting minister
However, with the great increase in nonconformity and the gradual relaxation of the laws against Catholics and other dissenters from the late 17th century, more and more baptisms, marriages and burials were going unrecorded in the registers of the Anglican Church.

George Rose (barrister)

Sir George RoseGeorge Rose
Sir George Rose's Parochial Registers Act of 1812 laid down that all events had to be entered on standard entries in bound volumes.

Select committee (United Kingdom)

Select Committeeselect committeesParliamentary Select Committee
Eventually, increasing concern that the poor registration of baptisms, marriages and burials undermined property rights, by making it difficult to establish lines of descent, coupled with the complaints of Nonconformists, led to the establishment in 1833 of a parliamentary Select Committee on Parochial Registration.

Industrial Revolution

industrialindustrialismindustrial era
The medical establishment advocated this because a rapidly growing population in the northern industrial towns – caused by the Industrial Revolution – had created severe overcrowding, and the links between poor living conditions and short life expectancy were now known.