A report on Generative grammar

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Linguistic theory that regards linguistics as the study of a hypothesised innate grammatical structure.

- Generative grammar
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21 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Chomsky in 2017

Noam Chomsky

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American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historical essayist, social critic, and political activist.

American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historical essayist, social critic, and political activist.

Chomsky in 2017
Carol Schatz, whom Chomsky married in 1949
The Great Dome at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where Chomsky began working in 1955
Chomsky, photographed in 1977
Chomsky speaking in support of the Occupy movement in 2011
Set inclusions described by the Chomsky hierarchy
Chomsky at the 2003 World Social Forum, a convention for counter-hegemonic globalization, in Porto Alegre
Chomsky (far right) and his wife Valeria (second from right) with David and Carolee Krieger of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, 2014
Chomsky receiving an award from the president of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, David Krieger (2014)

He created or co-created the universal grammar theory, the generative grammar theory, the Chomsky hierarchy, and the minimalist program.

Merge (γ, {α, {α, β}}) → {γ, {γ, {α, {α, β}}|undefined

Minimalist program

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Merge (γ, {α, {α, β}}) → {γ, {γ, {α, {α, β}}|undefined
Adjunction and Substitution
Step 1: wh-phrase moves to edge of vP
Step 2: wh-phrase moves from vP phase to CP phase
This tree is drawn according to the principles of X-bar theory, the theory that precedes BPS.
This is a tree of the same sentence as the X-bar theory syntax tree right above, however, this one uses BPS along with selection features.

In linguistics, the minimalist program is a major line of inquiry that has been developing inside generative grammar since the early 1990s, starting with a 1993 paper by Noam Chomsky.

Linguistics

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Scientific study of human language.

Scientific study of human language.

Despite a shift in focus in the twentieth century towards formalism and generative grammar, which studies the universal properties of language, historical research today still remains a significant field of linguistic inquiry.

Transformational grammar

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In linguistics, transformational grammar (TG) or transformational-generative grammar (TGG) is part of the theory of generative grammar, especially of natural languages.

Principles and parameters

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Principles and parameters is a framework within generative linguistics in which the syntax of a natural language is described in accordance with general principles (i.e. abstract rules or grammars) and specific parameters (i.e. markers, switches) that for particular languages are either turned on or off.

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X-bar theory

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In linguistics, X-bar theory is a model of phrase-structure grammar and a theory of syntactic category formation that was first proposed by Noam Chomsky in 1970 and further developed by Jackendoff (1974, 1977a, 1977b ), along the lines of the theory of generative grammar put forth in the 1950s by Chomsky.

Functional linguistics

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Approach to the study of language characterized by taking systematically into account the speaker's and the hearer's side, and the communicative needs of the speaker and of the given language community.

Approach to the study of language characterized by taking systematically into account the speaker's and the hearer's side, and the communicative needs of the speaker and of the given language community.

Functionalism is sometimes contrasted with formalism, but this does not exclude functional theories from creating grammatical descriptions that are generative in the sense of formulating rules that distinguish grammatical or well-formed elements from ungrammatical elements.

Structural linguistics

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Conceived as a self-contained, self-regulating semiotic system whose elements are defined by their relationship to other elements within the system.

Conceived as a self-contained, self-regulating semiotic system whose elements are defined by their relationship to other elements within the system.

In the generative or Chomskyan concept, a purported rejection of 'structuralism' usually refers to Noam Chomsky's opposition to the behaviourism of Bloomfield's 1933 textbook Language; though, coincidentally, he is also opposed to structuralism proper.

A generative parse tree: the sentence is divided into a noun phrase (subject), and a verb phrase which includes the object. This is in contrast to structural and functional grammar which consider the subject and object as equal constituents.

Grammar

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Its set of structural constraints on speakers' or writers' composition of clauses, phrases, and words.

Its set of structural constraints on speakers' or writers' composition of clauses, phrases, and words.

A generative parse tree: the sentence is divided into a noun phrase (subject), and a verb phrase which includes the object. This is in contrast to structural and functional grammar which consider the subject and object as equal constituents.

Generative grammar:

Leonard Bloomfield

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American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.

American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.

The influence of Bloomfieldian structural linguistics declined in the late 1950s and 1960s as the theory of generative grammar developed by Noam Chomsky came to predominate.