Genetic genealogy

genetic ancestryGeneticgenetic genealogistgenetic genealogistsgenealogicalGenetic analysisgenetic heritagepedigreeancestryclose relative
Genetic genealogy is the use of Genealogical DNA tests, i.e.wikipedia
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Surname DNA project

surname projectsurname study groups
The tests have been promoted by amateur groups, such as surname study groups, or regional genealogical groups, as well as research projects such as the genographic project.
A surname DNA project is a genetic genealogy project which uses genealogical DNA tests to trace male lineage.

Ancestry.com

RootsWebNewspapers.comRootsWeb.com
Later, GeneTree returned to genetic testing for genealogy in conjunction with the Sorenson parent company and eventually was part of the assets acquired in the Ancestry.com buyout of SMGF.
The largest for-profit genealogy company in the world, it operates a network of genealogical, historical records, and genetic genealogy websites.

Bennett Greenspan

In 2000, Family Tree DNA, founded by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld, was the first company dedicated to direct-to-consumer testing for genealogy research.
Though he has mainly worked in the fields of photography and genetic testing, he is best known for his pioneering work in genetic genealogy.

International Society of Genetic Genealogy

ISOGGThe International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)
One of the earliest interest groups to emerge was the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG).
The International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) is an independent non-commercial nonprofit organization of genetic genealogists run by volunteers.

Microsatellite

short tandem repeatmicrosatellitesSTR
Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) testing involves short tandem repeat (STR) and, sometimes, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) testing of the Y-Chromosome, which is present only in males and only reveals information on the strict-paternal line.
Microsatellites are often referred to as short tandem repeats (STRs) by forensic geneticists and in genetic genealogy, or as simple sequence repeats (SSRs) by plant geneticists.

Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation

Molecular Genealogy Research Project
In fall 2001, GeneTree sold its assets to Salt Lake City-based Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation (SMGF) which originated in 1999.
Mr. Sorenson envisioned the development of a genetic-genealogical blueprint of all humankind.

Family Tree DNA

FamilyTreeDNAFTDNAFamilyTree DNA
In 2000, Family Tree DNA, founded by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld, was the first company dedicated to direct-to-consumer testing for genealogy research. Initially genetic genealogy sites GEDmatch and Family Tree DNA allowed their databases to be used by law enforcement and DNA technology companies such as Parabon NanoLabs and Full Genomes Corporation (see DNA Doe Project) to do DNA testing for violent criminal cases and genetic genealogy research at the request of law enforcement.

Genetic testing

DNA testingDNA analysisDNA test
Genetic genealogy is the use of Genealogical DNA tests, i.e. DNA profiling and DNA testing in combination with traditional genealogical methods, to infer biological relationships between individuals. In 2007, 23andMe was the first company to offer a saliva-based direct-to-consumer genetic testing.

GeneTree

The first company to provide direct-to-consumer genetic DNA testing was the now defunct GeneTree.

Genealogical DNA test

DNA testautosomal DNADNA testing
Genetic genealogy is the use of Genealogical DNA tests, i.e. DNA profiling and DNA testing in combination with traditional genealogical methods, to infer biological relationships between individuals. The project announced that by April 2010 it had sold more than 350,000 of its public participation testing kits, which test the general public for either twelve STR markers on the Y-Chromosome or mutations on the HVR1 region of the mtDNA.

Mitochondrial DNA

mtDNAmitochondrialmitochondrial genome
The project announced that by April 2010 it had sold more than 350,000 of its public participation testing kits, which test the general public for either twelve STR markers on the Y-Chromosome or mutations on the HVR1 region of the mtDNA.
The fact that mitochondrial DNA is maternally inherited enables genealogical researchers to trace maternal lineage far back in time.

Genealogy

genealogistgenealogicalfamily history
Genetic genealogy is the use of Genealogical DNA tests, i.e. DNA profiling and DNA testing in combination with traditional genealogical methods, to infer biological relationships between individuals.

DNA history of Egypt

admixtureCopticCopts
Genetic analysis of modern Egyptians reveals that they have paternal lineages common to other indigenous Afroasiatic-speaking populations in Maghreb and Horn of Africa, and to Middle Eastern peoples, these lineages would have spread during the Neolithic and were maintained by the predynastic period.

23andMe

23 and MeDNA tests
In 2007, 23andMe was the first company to offer a saliva-based direct-to-consumer genetic testing.

Y chromosome

Y-chromosomeY-DNAY
The project announced that by April 2010 it had sold more than 350,000 of its public participation testing kits, which test the general public for either twelve STR markers on the Y-Chromosome or mutations on the HVR1 region of the mtDNA.
In human genetic genealogy (the application of genetics to traditional genealogy), use of the information contained in the Y chromosome is of particular interest because, unlike other chromosomes, the Y chromosome is passed exclusively from father to son, on the patrilineal line.

DNA database

national DNA databasedatabasesDNA databases
Initially genetic genealogy sites GEDmatch and Family Tree DNA allowed their databases to be used by law enforcement and DNA technology companies such as Parabon NanoLabs and Full Genomes Corporation (see DNA Doe Project) to do DNA testing for violent criminal cases and genetic genealogy research at the request of law enforcement.
A DNA database or DNA databank is a database of DNA profiles which can be used in the analysis of genetic diseases, genetic fingerprinting for criminology, or genetic genealogy.

Palestinians

PalestinianPalestinian ArabPalestinian people
In a genetic study of Y-chromosomal STRs in two populations from Israel and the Palestinian Authority Area: Christian and Muslim Palestinians showed genetic differences.

Most recent common ancestor

last common ancestorcommon ancestorrecent common ancestor
Such time to most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) estimates can be given based on DNA test results and established mutation rates as practiced in genetic genealogy, or by reference to a non-genetic, mathematical model or computer simulation.

Egyptians

EgyptianEgyptian peopleEgypt
Genetic analysis of modern Egyptians reveals that they have paternal lineages common to indigenous North-East African populations primarily and to Near Eastern peoples to a lesser extent—these lineages would have spread during the Neolithic and were maintained by the predynastic period.

DNA Doe Project

Anaheim Jane DoeDana LowreyAlfred Jake Fuller
Initially genetic genealogy sites GEDmatch and Family Tree DNA allowed their databases to be used by law enforcement and DNA technology companies such as Parabon NanoLabs and Full Genomes Corporation (see DNA Doe Project) to do DNA testing for violent criminal cases and genetic genealogy research at the request of law enforcement.
In July 2018 it was announced that she had been tentatively identified through genetic genealogy by the DNA Doe Project.

Lebanese people

LebaneseLebanese descentLebanon
In recent years efforts have been made by various genetic researchers, both in Lebanon and abroad, to identify the ancestral origins of the Lebanese people, their relationship to each other, and to other neighbouring and distant human populations.

Non-paternity event

false paternityfalse-paternitymisattributed fatherhood
In genetic genealogy the term non-paternity is often used in a wider context to indicate a break in the link between the Y-chromosome and the surname.

Y-STR

YsearchList of Y-chromosome databasesSTRs
In genetic genealogy, Ysearch used to be the last sponsored database containing publicly submitted surnames and Y-STR haplotypes until its decommission on May 24, 2018, preceding by a day the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation in the European Union, following a prolonged period of lacking support from its creator, Family Tree DNA.

Forensic genealogy

forensic
Law enforcement may use genetic genealogy to identify criminal suspects and deceased individuals.