Geneva and Vaud

A view of Geneva by Frances Elizabeth Wynne, 4 August 1858
L'Escalade is what Genevans call the failed surprise attack of 12 December 1602 by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, to take Geneva. This imaginative image was drawn by Matthias Quad, or the workshop of Frans Hogenberg, around 1603. Invaders are pictured crossing the moat in the center left while reinforcements are entering Plainpalais at the bottom. A column of defenders is in the center, headed toward the Savoyards. Lake Léman is at center top.
Logo of the canton of Vaud
Aerial view (1966)
Roman column in Nyon
Satellite view of Geneva; Cointrin Airport is centre left.
Bailiwicks of Bern in Vaud in the 18th century
The Geneva area seen from the Salève in France. The Jura mountains are on the horizon.
Built by the Bishop of Lausanne during the 15th century, Château Saint-Maire has been the seat of the cantonal government since 1803
Confluence of the Rhône and the Arve
Vevey, Lake Geneva, and the Swiss Alps
Average temperature and precipitation 1961–1990
Vallée de Joux, Jura
Coat of arms of Geneva as part of the pavement in front of the Reformation Wall, 2013
Montreux and Lake Geneva
The Flowered Clock at the Quai du Général-Guisan (English Garden), during the 2012 Geneva Festival
The room of the Grand Council of Vaud, the parliament of the canton of Vaud
Rue Pierre-Fatio in Geneva
Districts of canton of Vaud
Apartment buildings in the Quartier des Grottes
Lausanne, capital and largest city in Vaud
Geneva, with Lake Geneva in the background
Lavaux vineyards above Lake Geneva
Reformation Wall in Geneva; from left to right: William Farel, John Calvin, Theodore Beza, and John Knox
Fireworks at the Fêtes de Genève, 2012
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
The University of Geneva.
Geneva railway station
TCMC (Tramway Cornavin – Meyrin – CERN)
Geneva Sécheron railway station
TOSA Bus at PALEXPO Flash bus stops
The World Intellectual Property Organization.
The assembly hall of the Palace of Nations.
Gustave Ador
Christiane Brunner
John Calvin, c. 1550
Isaac Casaubon
Michel Decastel, 2012
Jean Henri Dunant, 1901
Kat Graham, 2017
Francois Huber
Paul Lachenal, 1939
Lenin in Switzerland, 1916
Amelie Mauresmo, 2014
Liliane Maury Pasquier, 2007
Pierre Prévost
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Ferdinand de Saussure
Michael Schade, 2012
Michel Simon, 1964
Johann Vogel, 2006
Voltaire
St. Pierre Cathedral
Collège Calvin
International Committee of the Red Cross (CICR)
Conservatory and Botanical Garden of the City of Geneva
Notre-Dame Church
Russian Orthodox Church
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Hôtel de Ville and the Tour Baudet
Institut et Musée Voltaire
Mallet House and Museum international de la Réforme
Tavel House
Brunswick Monument
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire
The Villa La Grange

2019 estimate) over 246 km2, and together with the suburbs and exurbs located in the canton of Vaud and in the French departments of Ain and Haute-Savoie the cross-border Geneva metropolitan area as officially defined by Eurostat, which extends over 2292 km2, had a population of 1,032,750 in Jan. 2019 (Swiss estimates and French census).

- Geneva

On the other hand, there are three enclaves of the canton of Fribourg (Estavayer-le-lac, Vuissens, Surpierre), as well as two enclaves of the canton of Geneva (Céligny), that are surrounded by the canton of Vaud.

- Vaud
A view of Geneva by Frances Elizabeth Wynne, 4 August 1858

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Satellite image

Lake Geneva

Deep lake on the north side of the Alps, shared between Switzerland and France.

Deep lake on the north side of the Alps, shared between Switzerland and France.

Satellite image
View of Lake Geneva about between Vevey in front, Lausanne in the back behind Mont Pèlerin (CH) on the right and Évian-les-Bains (F) on the left, shot from a place between Caux and Glion above Montreux
View of the lake and the Chablais Alps from Caux
CGN paddle steamer in 1926 near Vevey with the Dents du Midi in background
Île de Peilz

Sixty per cent (345.31 km2) of the lake belongs to Switzerland (the cantons of Vaud, Geneva and Valais) and forty per cent (234.71 km2) to France (the department of Haute-Savoie).

The river has its source at the Rhône Glacier near the Grimsel Pass to the east of the lake and flows down through the canton of Valais, entering the lake between Villeneuve and Le Bouveret, before flowing slowly towards its egress at Geneva.

Switzerland

Landlocked country at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Landlocked country at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe.

Founded in 44 BC by Lucius Munatius Plancus, Augusta Raurica (near Basel) was the first Roman settlement on the Rhine and is now among the most important archaeological sites in Switzerland.
The Old Swiss Confederacy from 1291 (dark green) to the sixteenth century (light green) and its associates (blue). In the other colours shown are the subject territories.
The 1291 Bundesbrief (federal charter)
The Act of Mediation was Napoleon's attempt at a compromise between the Ancien Régime and a Republic.
The first Federal Palace in Bern (1857). One of the three cantons presiding over the Tagsatzung (former legislative and executive council), Bern was chosen as the permanent seat of federal legislative and executive institutions in 1848, in part because of its closeness to the French-speaking area.
Inauguration in 1882 of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel connecting the southern canton of Ticino, the longest in the world at the time
General Ulrich Wille, appointed commander-in-chief of the Swiss Army for the duration of World War I
In 2003, by granting the Swiss People's Party a second seat in the governing cabinet, the Parliament altered the coalition that had dominated Swiss politics since 1959.
Physical map of Switzerland (in German)
Köppen–Geiger climate classification map for Switzerland
The Swiss Federal Council in 2022 with President Ignazio Cassis (bottom) standing on an abstract, reduced railway lines map and positioned at their respective political origins
The Federal Palace, seat of the Federal Assembly and the Federal Council
The Landsgemeinde is an old form of direct democracy, still in practice in two cantons.
The colour-reversed Swiss flag became the symbol of the Red Cross Movement, founded in 1863 by Henry Dunant.
A Swiss Air Force F/A-18 Hornet at Axalp Air Show
Swiss-built Mowag Eagles of the Land Forces
The Old City of Bern
A proportional representation of Switzerland exports, 2019
The city of Basel (Roche Tower) is the capital of the country's pharmaceutical industry, which accounts for around 38% of Swiss exports worldwide.
The Greater Zürich area, home to 1.5 million inhabitants and 150,000 companies, is one of the most important economic centres in the world.
The University of Basel is Switzerland's oldest university (1460).
Some Swiss scientists who played a key role in their discipline (clockwise):
Leonhard Euler (mathematics)
Louis Agassiz (glaciology)
Auguste Piccard (aeronautics)
Albert Einstein (physics)
The LHC tunnel. CERN is the world's largest laboratory and also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.
Members of the European Free Trade Association (green) participate in the European Single Market and are part of the Schengen Area.
Switzerland has the tallest dams in Europe, among which the Mauvoisin Dam, in the Alps. Hydroelectricity is the most important domestic source of energy in the country.
Entrance of the new Lötschberg Base Tunnel, the third-longest railway tunnel in the world, under the old Lötschberg railway line. It was the first completed tunnel of the greater project NRLA.
Population density in Switzerland (2019)
Percentage of foreigners in Switzerland (2019)
Urbanisation in the Rhone Valley (outskirts of Sion)
Alphorn concert in Vals
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was not only a writer but also an influential philosopher of the eighteenth century.
Ski area over the glaciers of Saas-Fee
Roger Federer has won 20 Grand Slam singles titles, making him among the most successful men's tennis players ever.
Fondue is melted cheese, into which bread is dipped

Although the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities and economic centres are, among them Zürich, Geneva and Basel.

Swiss wine is produced mainly in Valais, Vaud (Lavaux), Geneva and Ticino, with a small majority of white wines.

Canton of Geneva

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

One of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation.

The cantons and allies of the Old Swiss Confederacy in the 18th century. Geneva is a group of small territories in the southwest.
The County of Geneva and surrounding territories in around 1200.
Territories acquired by Berne from Geneva, 1339-1798
L'Escalade, the last attempt by Savoy to take Geneva by force, 1602
Place du Temple in Carouge
Charles Pictet de Rochemont, the Geneva envoy to the Congress of Vienna who negotiated the canton’s borders
Borders after the Congress of Vienna: in yellow, the previous lands of Geneva; in blue, towns ceded by France; in pink, towns ceded by Savoy.
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View from Reculet mountain towards Geneva. The canton occupies most of the Geneva basin, the valley between the Reculet (France) and Mount Salève (France). The Alps are visible in the background, covered by clouds
Municipalities of the canton of Geneva
Village square in Meyrin
The headquarters of the local cantonal bank, the BCGE
Geneva has the densest vineyards of Switzerland. Here, the largest wine-making municipality of Switzerland, Satigny.
The Léman Express network
A tram in Carouge

It is composed of forty-five municipalities and the seat of the government and parliament is in the City of Geneva.

Within the country, the canton shares borders with Vaud to the east, the only adjacent canton.

Ain

Department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Eastern France.

Department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Eastern France.

Artemare, village in the department
The Cize–Bolozon viaduct, a road–rail bridge crossing the Ain gorge
Aerial view of the Large Hadron Collider of the CERN.
Bleu de Gex
Prefecture (view from the park)
The Royal Monastery of Brou in Bourg-en-Bresse
Fort l'Écluse
Medieval farm of Saint-Trivier-de-Courtes
Pérouges, one of the most beautiful villages of France
Paragliding in Ain

Ain is located on the country's eastern edge, on the Swiss border, where it neighbours the cantons of Geneva and Vaud.

For national and international flights, the international airports of Lyon (Saint-Exupéry) and Geneva (Cointrin) are located within a rather short distance.

Haute-Savoie

Department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy.

Department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy.

Haute-Savoie highlighted in brown in the former Rhône-Alpes region, with arrondissements outlined
Map of Haute-Savoie
Aerial view of Annecy Lake from the southeast
Reblochon cheese
Yvoire and the Lake Léman
Arve Valley and the town of Cluses
Chateau de Ruphy in Duingt
Seyssel
Montriond Lake
Aiguille du Midi

Many people who live in Haute-Savoie (more than 52,200 in November 2006) work in Switzerland (in the cantons of Geneva, Vaud and Valais).

Logo of the city of Lausanne

Lausanne

Logo of the city of Lausanne
Saint-François Square, c. 1840
Aerial view from 250 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)
The agglomeration of Lausanne, Lake Geneva and the Alps.
The Charles-Bessières bridge with Lausanne Metro car. In the background the cathedral of Notre-Dame and the old town.
View from Rue du Grand-Pont
Stairs (escaliers du marché) in the old city.
The Protestant Cathedral of Notre Dame dominates the Lausanne skyline (left: Old Academy, right: Palais de Rumine).
The Lausanne Metro is a rubber tyre metro system
The Lausanne Tram is completely on reserved track, single line, even underground
Public transport network
Aerial view of Lausanne (railway station in the centre and Parc de Milan at the bottom).
The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (photo) and the University of Lausanne form a large campus near the lake Geneva.
In addition to the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the Palais de Rumine hosts several museums.
The seat of the International Olympic Committee in Lausanne
Jean-Pascal Delamuraz
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt
Auguste Piccard, 1932
Albert Chavannes, 1903
Capucine, 1962
Lady Elizabeth Butler (née Thompson)
Rachel Kolly d'Alba, 2009
Princess Ubol Ratana, 2010
Coco Chanel, 1928
Pierre de Coubertin, 1925
Bertrand Piccard, 2015
Ludovic Magnin, 2006
Spring
Summer
Autumn
Winter
The Casino de Montbenon
Lausanne Cathedral
University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)
Château Saint-Maire
Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-François
Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-Laurent
Fondation de l'Hermitage
Lausanne railway station
Hôtel Beau-Rivage Palace
Administrative building of the Vaudoise Assurances
Musée de l'Élysée
Olympic Museum and Archives of the International Olympic Committee
Ouchy waterfront
Synagogue
The Sauvabelin Tower
Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman

Lausanne (,, , ; is the capital and largest city of the Swiss canton of Vaud.

Lausanne is located 62 km northeast of Geneva, its nearest larger neighbour.

Hautecombe Abbey, where many of the dukes are buried.

House of Savoy

Royal dynasty that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region.

Royal dynasty that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region.

Hautecombe Abbey, where many of the dukes are buried.
A map of Italy in 1494.
A map of Italy in 1796.
A map of Italy in 1843.
A map of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

They once had claims on the modern canton of Vaud, where they occupied the Château of Chillon in Switzerland, but their access to it was cut by Geneva during the Protestant Reformation, after which it was conquered by Bern.

Nyon Castle

Nyon

Nyon Castle
Narrow streets in Nyon
Interior of the Church of Notre-Dame
Nyon in 1642
View of Nyon from Nyon Castle
Aerial view (1949)
Fountain in old Nyon
Lake front in Nyon
Rev. John Fletcher
Léa Sprunger, 2012
Nyon Castle
Colonia Iulia Equestris
Reformed church of Notre-Dame

Nyon (outdated German: Neuis or Neuss; outdated Italian: Nione, ) is a municipality in Nyon District in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

It is located some 25 kilometers north east of Geneva's city centre, and since the 1970s it has become part of the Geneva metropolitan area.

Romandy

French-speaking part of western Switzerland.

French-speaking part of western Switzerland.

French-speaking population in the Canton of Fribourg in 2000.
A road sign in Saint-Gingolph, Valais, spelling a dialectal greeting bondzo! alongside the Standard French bienvenue (2013 photograph).

The majority of the romand population lives in the western part of the country, especially the Arc Lémanique region along Lake Geneva, connecting Geneva, Vaud and the Lower Valais.