Gentius

King GentiusKing Gent (Gentius)TeuticusGenthiosGenthus of Illyria
Gentius (, "Génthios"; 181–168 BC) was a king of the Ardiaei, a powerful tribe in Illyria.wikipedia
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Shkodër

ShkodraScutariShkoder
Gentius' principal city was Shkodra.
The Romans annexed the city after the third Illyrian War in 168 BC, when Gentius was defeated by the Roman force of Anicius Gallus.

Monunius II

Monunius II of Dardania
He married Etuta, the daughter of the Dardanian king Monunius II. In 169 BC Gentius arranged the murder of his brother Plator killed because his plan to marry Etuta, daughter of the Dardanian king Monunius II, would have made him too powerful.
Etuta the daughter of Monunius married the Ardiaean King Gentius in 169 BC.

Illyrian Wars

First Illyrian WarSecond Illyrian WarIllyrian War
The southernmost city of the Ardiaei state was Lissos (now Lezhë, Albania), a situation established since the First Illyrian War.
In 171 BC, the Illyrian king Gentius was allied with the Romans against the Macedonians.

Etuta

He married Etuta, the daughter of the Dardanian king Monunius II. In 169 BC Gentius arranged the murder of his brother Plator killed because his plan to marry Etuta, daughter of the Dardanian king Monunius II, would have made him too powerful.
Etuta married Gentius in 169 BC.

Durrës

DurazzoDyrrhachiumDurres
Gentius destroyed the cities of Apollonia and Epidamnos (Roman Dyrrachium, now Durrës, Albania), which were allied with Rome.
In the Third Illyrian War Epidamnus was attacked by Gentius but he was defeated by the Romans at the same year.

Ulcinj

UlqinDulcignoUlcinium
The extent of the first meris is not known, while the second was Labeates, and the third was Acruvium, Rhizon, Olcinium and their environs.
In 168 BC, during the Third Illyrian War, Olcinium broke with Gentius and defected to the Romans (Livy 45:26:2).

Apollonia (Illyria)

ApolloniaApollonia, IllyriaApolonia
Gentius destroyed the cities of Apollonia and Epidamnos (Roman Dyrrachium, now Durrës, Albania), which were allied with Rome.
In 229 BC, it came under the control of the Roman Republic, to which it was firmly loyal; it was rewarded in 168 BC with booty seized from Gentius, the defeated king of Illyria.

Plator

In 169 BC Gentius arranged the murder of his brother Plator killed because his plan to marry Etuta, daughter of the Dardanian king Monunius II, would have made him too powerful.
–169 BC) the Illyrian was brother to King Gentius, the last Illyrian king of the Ardiaean State.

Medun

MeteonMeduni
In the city of Meteon (now Medun, Montenegro) hostages were agreed and Gentius accepted the oath of the king.
Medeon hosted the Ardiaei king Gentius, his wife Teuta and the rest of his family until they were taken captives by the Roman legions, who effectively ended the independence of Illyria and created the Roman province of Illyricum.

Gentiana

gentiangentiansgentian root
Gentiana lutea, and by extension the Gentiana genus, was named after Gentius, as a tribute as it was thought that he had found out that the herbs had tonic properties.
The genus name is a tribute to Gentius, an Illyrian king who may have been the discoverer of tonic properties in gentians.

Lezhë

LissusLezhaLezhe
The southernmost city of the Ardiaei state was Lissos (now Lezhë, Albania), a situation established since the First Illyrian War.
It was in Lissos that Perseus of Macedon negotiated an alliance against Rome with the Illyrian king Gentius, and it was from Lissos that Gentius organized his army against the Romans.

Ballaios

The archaeologist Hasan Ceka has hypothesized that the name of one of the envoys of Gentius, Bellus might have been an incorrect transcription of Ballaeus (Ballaios).
The dating of his reign has been much disputed but he seems to have ruled after the defeat of Gentius in 168 BC by the Romans.

Caravantius

His half-brother Caravantius, detaching 1,000 infantry and 50 horsemen, attacked the Cavii, failing to capture one of their cities while ravaging the fields of the city of Caravandis.
Caravantius, an Illyrian, was half brother to Gentius, the last Illyrian king of the Ardiaean State.

Teuta

Queen TeutaTeuta of IllyriaQueen Teuta of Illyria
The coast and hinterland south of the Drin remained under Roman control since the First Illyrian Wars against Teuta.

Pleuratus III

Pleuratus
He bore the same name as his grandfather, Pleuratus II, and his son Gentius was the last king of the Ardiaean State.

Illyrian warfare

IllyrianIllyrian armyMacedonian fleet
During the Third Illyrian War in 168 BC the Illyrian king Gentius allied himself with the Macedonians.

Gentiana lutea

great yellow gentianyellow gentiangentian
Gentiana lutea, and by extension the Gentiana genus, was named after Gentius, as a tribute as it was thought that he had found out that the herbs had tonic properties.
The name is a tribute to Gentius, an Illyrian king who was thought to have found out that the herb had tonic properties.

Albanian lek

leklekëALL
Gentius is depicted on the reverse of the Albanian 50 lekë coin, issued in 1996 and 2000, and on the obverse of the 2000 lekë banknote, issued in 2008.

Ardiaei

ArdiaeanArdiaean kingdomArdaei
Gentius (, "Génthios"; 181–168 BC) was a king of the Ardiaei, a powerful tribe in Illyria.

Illyria

IllyricumIllyrianIllyrian kingdom
Gentius (, "Génthios"; 181–168 BC) was a king of the Ardiaei, a powerful tribe in Illyria.

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-EuropeanPIEIndo-European
His name appears to derive from PIE *g'en- "to beget", cognate to Latin gens, gentis "kin, clan, race".

Daorson

DaorsDaorsiDaorsei
In 180 BC, during his early reign, the Dalmatae and Daorsi declared themselves independent from his rule and the city of Rhizon abandoned him prior to his defeat, receiving immunity from the Romans.

Rhizon

RisiniumRhizinium
The extent of the first meris is not known, while the second was Labeates, and the third was Acruvium, Rhizon, Olcinium and their environs. In 180 BC, during his early reign, the Dalmatae and Daorsi declared themselves independent from his rule and the city of Rhizon abandoned him prior to his defeat, receiving immunity from the Romans.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
In 180 BC, during his early reign, the Dalmatae and Daorsi declared themselves independent from his rule and the city of Rhizon abandoned him prior to his defeat, receiving immunity from the Romans.